Chapter 22 - Unemployment, Inflation, and Long-Run Growth Flashcards Preview

Principles of Economic > Chapter 22 - Unemployment, Inflation, and Long-Run Growth > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 22 - Unemployment, Inflation, and Long-Run Growth Deck (17):
1

employed

Any person 16 years old or older (1) who works for pay, either for someone else or in his or her own business for 1 or more hours per week, (2) who works without pay for 15 or more hours per week in a family enterprise, or (3) who has a job but has been temporarily absent with or without pay.

2

unemployed

A person 16 years old or older who is not working, is available for work, and has made specific efforts to find work during the previous 4 weeks.

3

not in the labor force

A person who is not looking for work because he or she does not want a job or has given up looking.

4

labor force

The number of people employed plus the number of unemployed

5

unemployment rate

The ratio of the number of people unemployed to the total number of people in the labor force.

6

labor force participation rate

The ratio of the labor force to the total population 16 years old or older.

7

discouraged-worker effect

The decline in the measured unemployment rate that results when people who want to work but cannot find jobs grow discouraged and stop looking, thus dropping out of the ranks of the unemployed and the labor force.

8

frictional unemployment

The portion of unemployment that is due to the normal turnover in the labor market; used to denote short-run job/skill-matching problems.

9

structural unemployment

The portion of unemployment that is due to changes in the structure of the economy that result in a significant loss of jobs in certain industries.

10

natural rate of unemployment

The unemployment rate that occurs as a normal part of the functioning of the economy. Sometimes taken as the sum of frictional unemployment rate and structural unemployment rate.

11

cyclical unemployment

Unemployment that is above frictional plus structural unemployment.

12

consumer price index (CPI)

A price index computed each month by the Bureau of Labor Statistics using a bundle that is meant to represent the “market basket” purchased monthly by the typical urban consumer.

13

producer price indexes (PPIs)

Measures of prices that producers receive for products at all stages in the production process.

14

real interest rate

The difference between the interest rate on a loan and the inflation rate.

15

output growth

The growth rate of the output of the entire economy.

16

per-capita output growth

The growth rate of output per person in the economy.

17

productivity growth

The growth rate of output per worker.