Flashcards in Chapter 26 Outline Deck (36):
The breakdown of larger food molecules into smaller molecules is called?
Passage of smaller molecules into blood and lymph is called?
The organs that collectively perform digestion and absorption constitute the ?
Continues tube extending from mouth to anus?
The accessory digestive organs include the?
Teeth, tongue, salivary glands, liver, gallbladder and pancreas
Digestion includes six basic processes:
5. Mechanical and chemical absorption
The basic arrangements of layers in most of the gastrointestinal tract, from he inside to the outside, is the..
Mucosa, submucosa, muscularis and serosa
Folds of the peritoneum include..
Mesentery, greater omentum, lesser omentum, and falciform ligament
Structures not located within the peritoneal cavity are said to be..
The mouth is formed by..
Cheeks, hard and soft palates, lips, and tongue, which aid mechanical digestion
Forms the floor of the oral cavity
Saliva is secreted by?
Lie outside the mouth and release their secretions into ducts that empty into the oral cavity?
Three pairs of salivary glands?
Parotid, submandibular and sublingual
Lubricates food and starts the chemical digestion of carbs?
Salivation is controlled by ?
The autonomic nervous system
Adapted for mechanical digestion ?
Through mastication food is mixed with saliva and shaped into a ?
Salivary amylase begins the digestion of?
Starches in the mouth
Food that is swallowed passesbfrom the mouth into the?
From Oropharynx food passes into the ?
Muscular tube that connects the pharynx to the stomach?
Swallowing moves the bolus from the mouth to the stomach by?
The main regions of the stomach are?
Cardia, fundus, body and pylorus
Mechanical digestion consist of mixing waves that macerate food and mix it with?
Gastric juice, forming chyme
Chemical digestion consist of the conversion of proteins into peptides by?
Stomach can absorb?
Water, ions, fatty acids, drugs, alcohol
Secretions pass from the pancreas to the duodenum via?
Pancreatic islets secret?
Acinar cells secrete?
Pancreatic juice contains?
Enzymes that digest starch
Stores and concentrates bile produced by the liver?
Loves of the liver are made up of lobules that contain?
Produce bile that is carried by a duct system to the gallbladder for concentration and temporary storage?
Biles contribution to digestion is the?
Emulsification of dietary lipids