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Flashcards in Chapter 29 Deck (66):
1

Apical Pulse

A central pulse located at the apex of the heart

2

Apical-radial Pulse

Measurement of the apical and radial pulse simultaneously

3

Apnea

A complete absence of restorations

4

Arrhythmia

An irregular heart rhythm

5

Arterial blood pressure

The measure of the pressure exerted by the blood as it pulsates through the arteries

6

Arteriosclerosis

A condition in which the elastic and muscular tissues of the arteries are replaced with fibrous tissue

7

Auscultatory gap

The temporary disappearance of sounds normally heard over the brachial artery when the sphygmomanometer cuff pressure is high, followed by the reappearance of sounds at a lower level

8

Basal metabolic rate (BMR)

The rate of energy utilization in the body required to maintain essential activities such as breathing

9

Body temperature

The balance between the heat produced by the body and the heat lost from the body

10

Bradycardia

Abnormally slow pulse rate, less than 60 beats per minute

11

Bradypnea

Abnormally slow respiratory rate, usually less than 10 respirations per minute

12

Afebrile

Absence of a fever

13

Cardiac output

The amount of blood ejected by the heart with each ventricular contraction

14

Compliance

The extent to which an individual's behavior coincides with medical or health advice

15

Conduction

The transfer of heat from one molecule to another in direct contact

16

Constant fever

A state in which the body temperature fluctuates minimally but always remains above normal

17

Convection

The dispersion of heat by air currents

18

Core temperature

The temperature of the deep tissues of the body. When measured orally, the average body temperature of an adult is between 36.7 C and 37 C, 98 F and 98.6 F

19

Costal (thoracic) breathing

Movement of the chest upward and outward

20

Diaphragmatic (abdominal) breathing

Breathing that involves the contraction and relaxation of the diaphragm, as observed by the movement of the abdomen

21

Diastolic pressure

The pressure of the blood against the arterial walls when the ventricles of the heart are at rest

22

Dysrhythmia

A pulse with an irregular rhythm

23

Exhalation ( expiration)

Breathing out, or the movement of gases from the lungs to the atmosphere

24

Expiration (exhalation)

The outflow of air from the lungs to the atmosphere

25

Febrile

Pertaining to a fever; feverish

26

Fever

Elevated body temperature

27

Fever spike

A temperature that rises to fever level rapidly following a normal temperature and then returns to normal within a few hours

28

Heat balance

The state a person is in when the amount of heat produced by the body exactly equals the amount of heat lost

29

Heat exhaustion

Condition that is the result of excessive heat heat and dehydration

30

Heat stroke

Life-threatening condition with body temperature greater than 41C (106F)

31

Hematocrit

The proportion of red blood cells to the total blood volume

32

Hyperpyrexia

An extremely high body temperature 41C 105.8F

33

Hypertension

An abnormally high blood pressure; over 140 systolic and/or 90 diastolic

34

Hyperthermia

A body temperature above the usual range

35

Hyperventilation

Very deep, rapid respirations

36

Hypotension

An abnormally low blood pressure; less than 100 systolic in an adult

37

Hypoventilation

Very shallow respirations

38

Inhalation

The intake of air into the lungs, also called inspiration

39

Insensible heat loss

Heat loss that occurs from evaporation of moisture from the respiratory tract, mucosa of the mouth, and the skin

40

Insensible water loss

Continuous and unnoticed water loss

41

Intermittent fever

A body temperature that alternates at regular intervals between periods of fever and periods of normal or subnormal temperatures

42

Kororkoffs sounds

The five phases of blood pressure sounds

43

Orthostatic hypotension

Decrease in blood pressure related to positional or postural changes from lying to sitting or standing positions

44

Peripheral pulse

A pulse located in the periphery of the body

45

Point of maximal impulse (PMI)

The point where the apex of the heart touches the anterior chest wall and heart movements are most easily observed and palpated

46

Pulse

The wave of blood within an artery that is created by contraction of the left ventricle of the heart

47

Pulse deficit

The difference between the apical pulse and the radial pulse

48

Pulse deficit

The difference between the apical pulse and the radial pulse

49

Pulse oximeter

A noninvasive device that measures the arterial blood oxygen saturation by means of a sensor attached to the finger or other location

50

Pulse pressure

The difference between the systolic and the diastolic blood pressure

51

Pulse rhythm

The pattern of the beats and intervals between the beats

52

Pulse volume

The strength or amptitude of the pulse, the force of blood exerted with each heartbeat

53

Pyrexia

A body temperature above the normal range; fever

54

Radiation

The transfer of heat from the surface of one object to the surface of another without contact between the two objects

55

Relapsing fever

The occurrence of short febrile periods of a few days intersparsed with periods of 1 or 2 days of normal temperature

56

Remittent fever

The occurrence of a wide range of temperature fluctuations, more than 2C (3.6F) over a 24-hour period, all of which are above normal

57

Respiration

The act of breathing: includes the intake of oxygen and the output of carbon dioxide from the cells to the atmosphere

58

Respiratory quality

Refers to those aspects of breathing that are different from normal, effortless breathing, includes the amount of effort exerted to breathe and the sounds produced by breathing

59

Respiratory rhythm

Refers to the regularity of explorations and inspirations

60

Surface temperature

The temperature of tissue, the subcutaneous tissue, and fat

61

Systolic pressure

The pressure of the blood against the arterial walls when the ventricles of the heart contract

62

Tachycardia

An abnormally rapid pulse rate; greater than 100 beats

63

Tachypnea

Abnormally fast respirations; usually more than 24 respirations per minute

64

Tidal volume

The volume of air that is normally inhaled and exhaled

65

Ventilation

The movement of air in and out of the lungs; the process of inhalation and exhalation

66

Vital signs

Body temperature, pulse, respiration, and blood pressure