Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (44):
Who sent the Spanish Armada to try and convert England back to Catholicism?
King Phillip II
What was the first English settlement in America?
Who established Roanoke?
Sir Walter Raleigh
What was the word left behind on Roanoke Island that John White saw when he returned?
What are documents that gave rights to establish settlements from King James I?
What is a joint-stock company?
Investors buy stock to help set the settlement up and once profits are reached the investors get a percentage
What was the settlement established by the Virginia Company?
Who was the first governor of the Jamestown settlement?
Captain John Smith
What crop saved Jamestown?
Who married the daughter of Chief Powhatan, Pocahontas?
What was the legislative assembly of Jamestown?
The House of Burgesses
What was the official Church of England after the Protestant Reformation?
The Anglican Church
Who were the Protestants who wanted to reform the Anglican Church?
Who were the Protestants who wanted to leave and set up their own churches?
Who were the separatists who came to the colonies for religious freedom?
What was the name of the ship the Pilgrims came to America on?
What percentage of Pilgrims passed away after their first winter?
Who were the two people showed the Pilgrims how to grow crops and where to hunt and fish?
Squanto and Samoset
What Native American group participated in the First Thanksgiving?
What was the Puritan society that was based on the Bible?
Mass. Bay Company
What was the Great Migration?
Over 15000 Puritans went to Mass. to escape persecution and economic struggles in England
What city and colony did Thomas Hooker establish?
What was special about the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut?
It was the 1st written constitution in America
What was the Native American name for King Phillip?
Metaomet, the Wampanoag Chief
What was the name of the Dutch Colony in North America?
What was the main settlement of the Dutch colony?
What was the name of the landowners who received grants to increase New Netherland's population?
After the British take over this Dutch colony what was its name changed to?
What was the name of the colony founded by William Penn?
What religious belief did William Penn follow that was known to be tolerant of other people’s views?
What is a pacifist?
People who refuse to fight in wars or use force
What was the economy of the Southern Colonies driven by?
What were indentured servants?
People who was under contract to an employer in exchange for their transportion, food, and lodging
What colony was founded by George Calvert?
What law granted Maryland residents the right to worship freely?
Act of Toteration
What is the cultural boundary between the Northern and Southern Colonies?
Who led a rebellion and was called “the greatest rebel that ever was in Virginia”?
What were the two main crops mentioned about North Carolina?
Tobacco and Timber
What were the two main crops mentioned about South Carolina?
Rice and Indigo
What was the colony founded in New France?
Who were settlers that paid their landlord an annual rent & worked a fixed number of days each year?
Which country had the best relations with the Native Americans at this time?
What three types of people did the Spanish send to settle New Mexico?
Solider Settlers, and Missionaries