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Aptitude-Treatment Interaction

Interaction of individual differences in learning with particular teaching methods

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Bilingual Education

Instructional program for students who speak little or no English in which some instruction is provided in the native language

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Content Integration

Teachers use of examples, data, and other information from a variety of sources

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Culture

The language, attitudes, ways of behaving, and other aspects of life that characterize a group of people

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Empowering School Culture

A school culture in which the institution's organization and practices are conductive to the academic and emotional growth of all students

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English Learners (EL)

Students in US schools who are not native speakers of English

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Equity Pedagogy

Teaching techniques that facilitate the academic success of students from different ethnic and social class groups

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Ethnicity

A history, culture and sense of identity shared by a group of people

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Ethnic Group

A group within a larger society that sees itself as having a common history, social and cultural heritage, and traditions, often based on race, religion, language, or national identity

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Gender Bias

Stereotypical views and differential treatment of males and females, often favoring one gender over the other

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intelligence

gender aptitude for learning, often measured by the ability to deal with abstractions and to solve problems

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Intelligence Quotient IQ

an intelligence test score that for people of average intelligence should be near 100

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Knowledge Construction

Helping students understand how the knowledge we take in is influenced by our origins and points of view

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Language Minority

In the United States, native speakers of any language other than English

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Limited English Proficient (LEP)

possessing limited mastery of english

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Multicultural Education

Education that teaches the value of Cultural Diversity

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Multiple Intelligence

In Gardner's theory of intelligence, a person's nine seperate abilities: logical/ mathematical, linguistic, musical, naturalist, spatial, bodily/kinesthetics, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and existential

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Prejudice Reduction

A critical goal of multicultural education; involves development of positive relationships and tolerant attitudes among students of different backgrounds

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Race

Visible genetic characteristics of individuals that cause them to be seen as members of the same broad group

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Sex-Role Behavior

socially approved behavior associated with one gender as opposed to the other

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Socioeconomic Status SES

A measure of prestige within a social group that is most often based on income and education

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Underrepresented Group

an ethnic or social group, members of whom are less likely than other groups to experience economic security or power