Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (40):
What was the main economic activity in all colonies?
What is subsistence farming?
Producing enough to meet the needs of the family.
What is commercial agriculture?
Large amounts of crops are produced to make a profit.
Why did New England farmers practice subsistence farming?
because the soil of new England wasn't very fertile so they practiced substantile farming so they could survive.
What were the two main industries of the New England colonies?
Ship building and fishing
What is the triangular trade?
Sugar and molasses from West Indies to NE then molasses turns in to rum and they trade for slaves.
What were the main items traded in the Triangular Trade?
What was the name of the slave transporting leg of the Triangular Trade?
Where was the hub of the shipping trade in America?
What is a cash crop?
Crops that can be sold in markets
What were the two main cash crops of the Middle Colonies?
Wheat and oats
Which colonial region was known for its diverse population of German and Scotch-Irish citizens?
What was the main cash crop in Virginia and Maryland?
What was the main cash crop in Georgia and South Carolina?
What did rice and tobacco have in common (why slaves were used to harvest them)?
What is supply and demand?o
The price if crops
What is the region of the Southern colonies where the plantations resided?
Tide water area
What were the strict rules governing the behavior and punishment of slaves in the colonies?
How did England view the colonies economically?
As an economic resource
How do you make money on trade?
Must export more than you import
What were the Navigation Acts?
Passed by England to restrict trade and ensure they make money.
What established a limited government in the 13th century and inspired the US Constitution?
Who was allowed to vote in the mid 1700’s in the colonies?
White men who own land
What was the religious revival that swept through the colonies?
What was the Enlightenment?
Belief that knowledge,science,and reason could improve society.
What was the name of the book Benjamin Franklin wrote after being inspired by the Enlightenment?
Poor Richards almanac
Who was the newspaper publisher that was charged with a crime for accusing the governor of New York of being corrupt?
John Peter zenger
Where is the land area that the British and French fought over because of the fur trade?
Ohio river valley
What was the most powerful group of Native Americans in the East?
Who was sent to tell the French to leave the Ohio River Valley and struck the first blow against the French?
What is a militia?
a military force that is raised from the civil population to supplement a regular army in an emergency.
What did the Albany Plan of Union want to do?
They wanted to unite colonies and defeat France
What was the name of the political cartoon that encouraged the colonies to approve the Albany Plan of Union?
Join or die
What was the name of the war between the French and British in Europe?
7 years war
Who oversaw the colonial war effort in London and was the cause of the British turnaround?
What was the most important victory for the British in the F&I War?
Battle of Quebec
What did the Treaty of Paris 1763 do?
Ended the french and Indian war and is the end of Power in North America way of life.
Who was the Ottawa chief who believed the British were threatening their way of life?
What did the Proclamation of 1763 do?
Halted western expansion by the settlers west of the Appalachian mountains to appease the NA'S