Flashcards in Chapter 4✏️ Deck (40):
What was the main economic activity in all colonies?
What is subsistence farming?
Is producing enough to meet the needs of the family
What is commercial agriculture?
When larger amounts of crops are produced to make a profit
Why did New England farmers practice subsistence farming?
Long winters and thin, rocky soil made it a difficulty to farm
What were the two main industries of the New England colonies?
Fishing and shipbuilding
What is the triangular trade?
Sugar and molasses from the West Indies to New England
Molasses is turned into rum
Rum for slaves from West Africa to the West Indies
What were the main items traded in the Triangular Trade?
Sugar, molasses, rum,and slaves
What was the name of the slave transporting leg of the Triangular Trade?
The Middle Passage
Where was the hub of the shipping trade in America?
What is a cash crop?
Crops that could be sold in markets
What were the two main cash crops of the Middle Colonies?
Wheats and oats
Which colonial region was known for its diverse population of German and Scotch-Irish citizens?
The Southern Colonies
What was the main cash crop in Virginia and Maryland?
What was the main cash crop in Georgia and South Carolina?
What did rice and tobacco have in common (why slaves were used to harvest them)?
Both of these crops where labor intensive so slavery increases on plantations
What is supply and demand?
Supply is how much you have of a crop
Demand is how much the people want of the crop
Supply and demand control the price of the crop
What is the region of the Southern colonies where the plantations resided?
Tide Water Region
What were the strict rules governing the behavior and punishment of slaves in the colonies?
How did England view the colonies economically?
An economic resource
How do you make money on trade?
You have to export more than you import
What were the Navigation Acts?
Passed by England to restrict trade and ensure they make money
What established a limited government in the 13th century and inspired the US Constitution?
The Manga Carta
Who was allowed to vote in the mid 1700’s in the colonies?
Free white men who owned property
What was the religious revival that swept through the colonies?
The Great Awakening
What was the Enlightenment?
Belief that knowledge,science, and reason could improve society
What was the name of the book Benjamin Franklin wrote after being inspired by the Enlightenment?
Poor Richards Almanack
Who was the newspaper publisher that was charged with a crime for accusing the governor of New York of being
John Peter Zenger
Where is the land area that the British and French fought over because of the fur trade?
Ohio River Valley
What was the most powerful group of Native Americans in the East?
Who was sent to tell the French to leave the Ohio River Valley and struck the first blow against the French?
What is a militia?
A group of citizens trained to fight in emergencies
What did the Albany Plan of Union want to do?
Called for one general government for the 13 colonies
What was the name of the political cartoon that encouraged the colonies to approve the Albany Plan of Union?
Join or Die
What was the name of the war between the French and British in Europe?
The French and Indian war
What is the name of the fort that the Cherokee burned down in modern day Tennessee?
Who oversaw the colonial war effort in London and was the cause of the British turnaround?
William Pitt the Prime Minister of London
What was the most important victory for the British in the French and Indian War
Battle of Quebec
What did the Treaty of Paris 1763 do?
Ended the French and Indian war and was the end of power in North America for the French
Who was the Ottawa chief who believed the British were threatening their way of life?