Chapter 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (15):
1

~1 Year Old

1 Word

2

~2 Years Old

100-600 words

3

2-6 Years Old

~2-10 words a day

4

Vocabulary Spurt

Gradual increase, followed by acceleration of word acquisition
At ~50 words, rate increases

5

Causes of Vocabulary Spurt

1. Naming Insight: realizing that objects have names
2. Articulatory Skills: muscle control

6

Noun Bias

- Nouns can be used as words
- Nouns are frequently used

7

By 6 Years Old

Children know 14,000 words

8

Adults Know

50,000-100,000 words

9

Overextension

Using terms to refer to things not covered by the adult word
Primarily based on shape

10

Gestures

Markings of communication that indicate or request
10 months old

11

Pointing

Markings of communication that direct the attention of others
10-14 months

12

Representational Gestures

Meanings of gestures complement the meanings of words

13

Cause of Vocabulary Spurt

Combination of parallel learning of words and variation of level of difficulty of words

14

Operant Conditioning (Skinner)

Language is a learned behaviour that parents reinforce

15

Nativists (Chomsky)

General principles of acquisition are innate