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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Test Deck (23):
1

Obligations the constitution places on national government (4)

1) republican form of government
2) protect against invasion/domestic violence
3) respect states boundaries
4) admit new states

2

Programs in which the government helps the states (4)

1) grants-in-aid
2) FBI assists state and local police
3) trains national guard for states
4) takes census every ten years

3

State aid programs in which the states help the government (3)

1) state and local police assist the FBI
2) state runs immigration
3) state runs elections

4

Types of federal grants (3)

Categorical: for specific programs
Block: for broad programs
Project: for medical research programs

5

Interstate compacts that all states agree upon (2)

1) supervision of paroles
2) juvenile delinquents

6

Ladder of laws in supremacy clause (5)

1) US constitution
2) acts of congress
3) state constitution
4) state laws
5) city/county laws

7

Who administers the ladder of laws in the supremacy clause?

Supreme Court administers

8

Examples of reasonable distinctions under privileges and immunities clause (4)

1) can't vote
2) can't hold public office
3) can't practice law, medicine, teach
4) can charge more for college tuition

9

Delegated powers

Granted to national government by the constitution

10

Expressed powers

Spelled out in constitution

11

Implied powers

Suggested in constitution, not spelled out

12

Inherent powers

Given to national government because it is of a sovereign state

13

Concurrent powers

Given to both national and state government

14

Reserved powers

Not given to national government and given to states

15

Supremacy clause

Resolves conflicts between levels of governments

16

Supreme Court

Umpire of supremacy clause

17

Dual federalism

Power strictly divided by state and national government

18

Cooperative federalism

Established social programs to help states

19

Full faith and credit clause

States must recognize the validity of records and documents from other states

20

Privileges and immunities clause

States cannot draw unreasonable distinctions between native residents and those of other states

21

Extradition

Process by which a fugitive of justice in one state in returned by another state

22

Act of admission

Congress agrees to grant statehood

23

Interstate compact

Agreement among two or more states