Flashcards in Chapter 5 - Digestive System terminology Deck (21):
What is the passage of materials through the walls of the small intestine into the blood stream?
Small building blocks of proteins (like links in a chain), released when proteins are digested.
Enzyme (-ase) secreted by the pancreas ad salivary glands to digest starch.
Terminal end of the digestive tract to the outside of the body.
Blind pouch hanging from the cecum (RLQ)
Digestive juice made in the liver and stored in the gallbladder. Emulsifies (breaks up) large fat globules.
Pigment released by the liver in bile.
Pointed, dog like teeth, next to the incisors. Also called cuspids or eye teeth.
First part of the large intestine
Portion of the large intestine consisting of the ascending, transverse, descending, and sigmoid segments.
Carries bile from the liver and gallbladder to the duodenum. Also called the choledochus.
Common bile duct
Elimination of feces from the digestive tract through the anus.
Primary material found in teeth. It is covered by the enamel in the crown and a protective layer of cementum in the root.
Breakdown of complex foods into simpler forms
First part of the small intestine, measures 12 inches long
Act of removal of materials from the body; in the digestive system, the removal of indigestible materials as feces.
Physical process of breaking up large fat globules into smaller globules, thereby increasing the surface area that enzymes can use to digest the fat.
Hard, outermost layer of a tooth