Chapter 5 - Digestive System terminology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5 - Digestive System terminology Deck (21):
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What is the passage of materials through the walls of the small intestine into the blood stream?

Absorption

1

Small building blocks of proteins (like links in a chain), released when proteins are digested.

Amino acids

2

Enzyme (-ase) secreted by the pancreas ad salivary glands to digest starch.

Amylase (amylo/o)

3

Terminal end of the digestive tract to the outside of the body.

Anus

4

Blind pouch hanging from the cecum (RLQ)

Appendix

5

Digestive juice made in the liver and stored in the gallbladder. Emulsifies (breaks up) large fat globules.

Bile

6

Pigment released by the liver in bile.

Bilirubin

7

Intestine

Bowel

8

Pointed, dog like teeth, next to the incisors. Also called cuspids or eye teeth.

Canine teeth

9

First part of the large intestine

Cecum

10

Portion of the large intestine consisting of the ascending, transverse, descending, and sigmoid segments.

Colon

11

Carries bile from the liver and gallbladder to the duodenum. Also called the choledochus.

Common bile duct

12

Elimination of feces from the digestive tract through the anus.

Defecation

13

Swallowing

Deglutition

14

Primary material found in teeth. It is covered by the enamel in the crown and a protective layer of cementum in the root.

Dentin

15

Breakdown of complex foods into simpler forms

Digestion

16

First part of the small intestine, measures 12 inches long

Duodenum

17

Act of removal of materials from the body; in the digestive system, the removal of indigestible materials as feces.

Elimination

18

Physical process of breaking up large fat globules into smaller globules, thereby increasing the surface area that enzymes can use to digest the fat.

Emulsification

19

Hard, outermost layer of a tooth

Enamel

20

Chemical that speeds up a rxn between. Digestive enzymes break down complex foods to simpler substances. Enzymes are given names that end in -ase.

Enzyme