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Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (13):
1

Crude birth rate

the number of live births per 1,000 people in a population in a given year

2

Crude death rate

the number of deaths per 1,000 people in a population in a given year

3

Population change

number of people leaving a population (through death and emigration) from the
number entering it (through birth and immigration)
during a specified period of time (usually one year)

4

Fertility rate

the number of children born to a woman. during her lifetime

5

Replacement level fertility rate

is the average number of children that couples in a population must bear to replace themselves

6

Total fertility rate

is the average number of children born to
women in a population during their reproductive years

7

Life expectancy

the average number of years a newborn infant can be expected to live

8

Infant mortality rate

the number of babies out of every 1,000 born who die before their first birthday

9

Migration

the movement of people into (immigration) and out of (emigration) specific geographic areas

10

Age structure

the numbers or percentages of males and females in young, middle, and older age groups in that population

11

Demographic transition

As countries become industrialized and economically developed, first their death rates decline and then their birth rates decline

12

Family planning

provides educational and clinical
services that help couples choose how many children to have and when to have them

13

cultural carrying capacity

This would be the maximum number of people who could live in reasonable freedom and comfort indefinitely, without decreasing the ability of the earth to sustain future generations