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Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (24):
1

A term the founders used to refer to political parties and special interest groups.

Faction

2

Theory that holds that open, multiple, and competing groups can check the asserted power by any one group.

Pluralism

3

A collection of people who shares common interest or attitude and seek to influence government for specific ends.

Interest groups

4

A company with a labor agreement under which union membership cannot be required as a condition of employment.

Open shop

5

A company with a labor agreement under which union membership can be a condition of employment.

Closed shop

6

An individual who does not join a group representing his interests yet receives the benefits of the groups influence.

Free rider

7

Groups of individuals who share a common profession and are often organized for common political purposes related to that profession.

Professional association

8

A nonprofit association or group operating outside government that advocates and pursues policy objectives.

Nongovernmental organizations
(NGO)

9

How groups organize and form to pursue their goals or objectives, including how to get individuals and groups to participate and cooperate.

Collective action

10

Synonymous with collective action, specifically studies how government officials, politicians, and voters respond to positive and negative incentives.

Public choice

11

Engaging in activities aimed at influencing public officials and the policies they enact.

Lobbying

12

An official document that list the new and proposed regulations of executive departments and regulatory agencies.

Federal register

13

"A friend of the court" filed by an individual or organization to present arguments in addition to those presented by the immediate parties to a case

Amicus curiae brief

14

A tactic in which PACs collect contributions from like minded individuals, 2000 limit, and present them to a candidate or party as a bundle which increases the PACs influence.

Bundling

15

A person who is employed by and acts for an organized interest group to try and influence policy decisions and positions in executive and legislative branches.

Lobbyist

16

An employment cycle I which individuals who work for government agencies that regulate interests eventually end up working for Internet groups or businesses worth the same policy.

Revolving door

17

Relationships among interest groups, congressional committees and subcommittees, and the government agencies that share a common policy concern.

Issue network

18

The political arm of an interest group that is legally entitled to raise money on a voluntary basis From members, stockholders, or employees to contribute funds to candidates or parties.

Political Action committee (PAC)

19

A PAC formed by an officeholder that collects contributions individuals and other PACs and then makes contributions to other candidates and parties.

Leadership PAC

20

Largely banned soft money, restored long standing prohibition on corporations and labor unions using general treasury funds for electoral purposes and narrowed the definition of issue advocacy.

Bipartisan campaign reform act

21

Used independently from candidates that can be an unlimited amount and can be for or against a candidate

Independent expenditures

22

Unlimited and undisclosed spending by an individual or group on communications that do not involve the words "vote for" or "vote against"

Issue advocacy

23

Can spend unlimited amounts of money on activities as long as they are broadcasted 30 days before a primary or 60 days before a general election.

527 organization

24

A large body of people interested in a common issue that is of continuing significance and are willing to take action.

Movement