Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (20):

1

## _____ is the branch of mathematics that describes the pattern of chance outcomes

### Probability

2

## The mathematics of probability begins with the observed fact that some phenomena are ____. The ___ ______ of their outcomes settles down to fixes values in the long run

### Random, relative frequency

3

## Chance behavior is ______ in the short run, but regular and predictable in the long run

### Unpredictable

4

## ___ is not a synonym of “haphazard,” but a description of the kind of order that emerges in the long run

### Random

5

## The probability of any outcome of random phenomenon is the _____ of times the outcome would occur in a very long series of repetitions

### Proportion

6

## A random trial must have a very long series of ______ trials

### Independent

7

## A _____ ____ is the set of all possible outcomes

### Sample set

8

## An ___ is any outcome or any set of outcomes

### Event

9

## A ____ ____ is a mathematical description of a sample space and a way of assigning probabilities to events

### Probability model

10

## A ___ ____ helps make sure you don’t overlook any outcomes

### Tree diagram

11

## To properly identify a sample space, you must determine whether it is with or without ______

### Replacement

12

## Any probability is a number between ____ and _____

### One, zero

13

## All possible outcomes together must have a probability of ____

### One

14

## He probability an event does not occur is ___ minus the probability it ____. This is called the _______

### One, does, compliment

15

## If two events have no outcomes in common, meaning they cannot occur at the same time, then they are called _____ and ____ ______

### Disjoint, mutually exclusive

16

## If two events have no outcomes in common, then P(A or B)= __ __ _ __ __

### P(A) + P(B)

17

## ____ is the set of all outcomes in A or in B

### Union

18

## _____ is the set of all outcomes in both A and B

### Intersection

19

## ____ represents no intersection or the empty set

### Zero with a line through it

20