Chapter 6.1-6.4 Flashcards Preview

Science 8th grade > Chapter 6.1-6.4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 6.1-6.4 Deck (16):
1

temperature

a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in an object

2

thermal expansion

the increase in volume of a substance because of an increase in temperature

3

absolute zero

the lowest temperature on the Kelvin scale

4

heat

the energy transferred between objects that are at different tempurtures

5

thermal energy

the kinetic energy of a substance's atoms

6

thermal conduction

the transfer of energy as heat through a material

7

thermal conductor

a material through which energy can be transferred as heat

8

thermal insulator

a material that reduces or prevents the transfer of heat

9

covection

the transfer of thermal energy by the circulation or movement of liquid or gas

10

radiation

the transfer of energy as electromagnetic waves

11

specific heat

the amount of energy needed to change the temperature of 1kg of a substance by 1c

12

states of matter

the physical forms of matter which include solid, liquid and gas

13

change of state

the change of a substance from one physical state to another

14

insulation

a substance that reduces the transfer of electricity, heat, or sound

15

heat engine

a machine that transforms into mechanical energy, or work

16

thermal pollution

the excessive heating of a body of water