Chapter 7: Critical Period & Constitution Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7: Critical Period & Constitution Deck (35):
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Madison

Father of the Constitution

1

1787

Constitutional Convention

2

Randolph

The Virginia plan

3

Paterson

New Jersey Plan

4

Great compromise

Established two houses in national government

5

Slave Trade Compromise

Empowered Congress to regulate commerce with certain limits

6

Federalists

Wanted a new Constitution

7

Anti-Federalists

Opposed the Constitution

8

Delaware

First to ratify constitution

9

Bicameral

Two house government

10

Confederacy

League of friendship

11

Land ordinance 1785

Provides townships for northwest territory

12

Northwest ordinance 1787

Northwest territory would be divided into not less than 3, not more than 5 states

13

States that came out of northwest ordinance

Ohio, indiana, Illinois, michigan, wisconsin, & minnesota

14

Virginia plan

Representative based on state population

15

New Jersey plan

One equal representative for all states

16

Three fifths compromise

Slave compromise

17

Federalist papers

Essays that gave arguments to constitution

18

Published federalists papers

Madison, John J, & Hamilton

19

Constitution

Highest law in u.s.

20

Elastic clause

Another name for "necessary & proper" clause

21

Bill of rights

First ten amendments of constitution

22

Three branches of government

1. Legislative
2. Executive
3. Judicial

23

Democratic republic

Government ruled by the people

24

Webster

Published history of the United States

25

Federal system

Power is in the government instead of the people

26

1781

Added bill of rights

27

Checks & balances

Protects citizens against tyranny

28

Implied powers

Powers not specifically mentioned in the constitution but implied

29

Leland

Most influential leader of Virginia Baptists

30

Tocqueville

Freedom of religion

31

Legislative

Passes laws

32

Executive

Carries out laws

33

Judicial

Decides laws

34

Independence Hall

Where constitutional convention was held