Childhood & Adolescence Flashcards Preview

Human Nutrition > Childhood & Adolescence > Flashcards

Flashcards in Childhood & Adolescence Deck (26):
1

what are timing of growth & development influenced by?

heredity

hormones

environment (includes diet)

2

types of physical changes during childhood

skeletal

muscular

3

what are nutrition needs in childhood based on?

appetite

energy needs

specific DRIs

4

kcal / kg for different ages

infant: 108

2-3 yrs: 90

4-5 yrs: 70

18 male: 40-47

29 female: 30-35

5

growth charts

age vs. weight

CDC 0-2 yrs

WHO 2-18 yrs

6

best to stay at __% on growth chart

50

7

worry if growth chart goes up or down __ increments

2

8

if child is less than __% risk for underweight

15%

9

if child is more than __% risk for overweight

85%

10

if child is less than __% than failure to thrive

10%

11

iron deficiency

most prevalent

risk of lead poisoning since both are heavy metals

body will absorb more lead

12

common sources of lead

Paint!!!

construction sites

low socioeconomic status

13

lead treatment

chelation: use zinc to replace lead

treats autism

14

WIC

state level income based program to feed hungry

women, infants, children

vitamins A, C, Calium, Iron

must show risk/need

15

food allergy

adverse reaction to food that involves an immune response

food-hypersensitivity reaction

16

food intolerance

adverse response to a food that does not involve the immune system

17

anaphylactic shock

life-threatening whole-body allergic reaction

18

food antigen

glycoproteins

protein with glucose attached

elicit immune response

19

carbohydrates produce an allergy?

no, an intolerance

20

weird allergy symptoms

vomiting, diarrhea, cramps

low BP

loss of consciousness

death

21

do children often outgrow allergies to milk, egg, soy, and wheat?

yes

22

epinepherine

stress hormone secreted when emergency action is needed

prescribed to relax bronchioles during allergy or asthma attacks

23

gluten allergy

protein guliadin

24

is hyperactivity caused by poor diet?

no

ADHD is a diagnosed condition, maybe inconsistent care

25

adolescence

period of growth between puberty until full maturity

timing varies

26

puberty

period in life when a person becomes physically capable of reproduction