CNS Flashcards Preview

Pathology > CNS > Flashcards

Flashcards in CNS Deck (15):
1

Signs of neurological abnormalities

Frontal lobe= anosmia, inappropriate emotions, excessive dysphagia, motor function
Parietal lobe= receptive aphasia, sensory impairment
Temporal= cortical deafness , receptive aphasia

2

Causes of a stroke

High bp, diabetes, heart disease, TIA, hyperlipedemia
Brain hypoxia - blockage
Brain bleed - high bp or berry aneurysm

3

Causes of Brain haemorrhage

High bp
Vascular malformation
Neoplasia
Trauma
Drug abuse
Latrogeric

4

Symptoms of intra cerebral haemorrhage

Head ache
Loss of consciousness

5

Symptoms of subarachnoid haemorrhage

Thunder clap head ache
Meningitis like symptoms

6

Symptoms of subdural haemorrhage

Fluctuating consciousness

7

Cause if subdural haemorrhage

Bleed from veins between cortex and venous sinuses
Blood between dura and arachnoid
Minor trauma in elderly

8

Symptoms of an exdural haemorrhage

Slow fall out of concious mess
Lucid times
Post head injury

9

Symptoms of dementia

Memory loss
Slow thought speed
Language
Reduced understanding / judgement
Loss of interest in activities
Struggle with emotional control

10

Symptoms of depression

Behaviour change
Mood change
Loss motivation
Loss confidence
Appearance
Lack of reasoning
Memory problems
Dysphasia
Slow thought process

11

Symptoms of Alzheimer's

Visual spacial skills reduce
Memory loss
Loss condition
Ansognosia

12

Symptoms of meningitis

Head ache
Cold hands and feet
Pyrexia
Stiff neck
Photosensitivity
Non blanching rash
Seizure

13

Meningitis in the brain

Brain damage
Ha
Pyrexia
Seizure

14

Symptoms of Parkinson's

Rigid
Tremour
Slow movement
Posterior instability

15

Symptoms of a brain tumour

Head ache
Seizure
Cognitive : behavioural change
Vomiting
Loss consciousness