Flashcards in CR_Ch.1--Scientific Understanding of Behaviour Deck (15):
Part of causal inference; a potential alternative cause of an observed relationship between variables.
Research conducted to address practical problems and potential solutions
As an alternative to the scientific method of acquiring knowledge, accepting anything learned from supposed authority figures (e.g., news media, books, government officials, or religious figures).
Research that attempts to answer fundamental questions about the nature of behaviour.
covariation of cause and effect
Part of causal inference; observing that a change in one variable is accompanied by a change in a second variable.
Use of objective observations to answer a question about the nature of behaviour.
Capable of being shown to be false when tested using scientific methods; a good scientific idea or theory should be falsifiable.
goals of scientific research
Within psychology and the behavioural sciences are four geenral goals of scientific research: (1) to describe behaviour, (2) to predict behaviour, (3) to determine the causes of behaviour, and (4) to understand or explain behaviour.
Unquestioning acceptance of what your personal judgement or a single story about one person's experience tells you about the world.
The process of judging the scientific merit of research through review by peers of the researcher (other scientists with the expertise to evaluate the research).
Research designed to evaluate programs (e.g., social reforms, innovations) that are designed to produce certain changes or outcomes in a target population.
Claims that are made on the basis of evidence that is designed to appear scientific; such evidence is not based on the priniciples of the scientific method, however.
To repeat a research study to determine whether the results can be duplicated.
The concept that ideas must be evaluated on the basis of careful logic and results from scientific investigations.