Flashcards in Crime And Punishment-Early Modern Deck (32):
People continued to work and live where?
In the countryside
England became more prosperous but more what..
Divided between the rich and the poor
Towns grew larger and the population was growing. People began to ?
Travel up and down the country
The government did what over the people?
Increased their power
State religion changed and who became the head of the Church of England
Who was executed after the English Civil War resulting in Oliver Cromwell ruling
Who was the government ruled by between 1500-1600?and how did they portray their power?
The monarchy ruled and art was used to portray power
When did the division in church start?
When were puritans introduced
When was the English Civil War
Who became MP and JP?
Men from landowning families
When was the Power of Print introduced
By 1750, how many daily newspapers were there and how many different one sover the country?
30across the country
Why did crop failure lead to more crime
They would not have any bread to sell or eat meaning they would have to resort to stealing foods or become in debt which was a crime
In 1560-1650, the population doubled which lead to what
A higher demand for food and jobs
London was the most popular city in Europe, poor people resorted to gin (gin craze) this lead to what
People stole stuff to sell, people were drunk and homeless
New products and duties such as tobacco and alcohol lead to what
More addictions which were fuelled by stealing
Travelling traders of cattle were called what
By 1600, the introduction of more roads lead to what
More highway men
Name three crimes the puritans introduced
Not attending church
6 new crimes in the early crimes in the early modern period
Name 5 changed of Law and Order
1. The sheriff became less important as the gov extended the role of JPs
2. Watchmen were introduced as towns grew
3. Power of manor courts and church courts declined after 1600
4. Petty sessions were used more from 1700s
5. Assizes became the main court for dealing with crime, held twice a year for fellonies
Gove an example of a highway man
Dick Turpin who was glamorised by the media
What was the bloody code
The dramatic increase of crimes punishable by death in the late 1600s
In 1688 50 crimes were punishable by death by 1815 ?
Name 3 new punishments
Public penance-speak to God and ask for forgiveness
What was the goal act
In 1531 forced JPs to build prisons where needed, by 1759 they still mostly held debtors and people waiting trial or punishment
What were bridewells
Prisons where inmates were made to work hard, also known as 'House of Correction'
From 1609 they were built in every county
In 1520 the population of Britain was 2.4 million, what did it rise to by 1600?
In 1600 tobacco was smuggled from Virginia, this lead to an increase of ? Import duty tax
How many men were involved in smuggling gangs