Crime And Punishment-Early Modern Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Crime And Punishment-Early Modern Deck (32):
1

People continued to work and live where?

In the countryside

2

England became more prosperous but more what..

Divided between the rich and the poor

3

Towns grew larger and the population was growing. People began to ?

Travel up and down the country

4

The government did what over the people?

Increased their power

5

State religion changed and who became the head of the Church of England

The monarch

6

Who was executed after the English Civil War resulting in Oliver Cromwell ruling

Charles I

7

Who was the government ruled by between 1500-1600?and how did they portray their power?

The monarchy ruled and art was used to portray power

8

When did the division in church start?

1530

9

When were puritans introduced

Late 1500

10

When was the English Civil War

1642-1648

11

Who became MP and JP?

Men from landowning families

12

When was the Power of Print introduced

Late 1400

13

By 1750, how many daily newspapers were there and how many different one sover the country?

4 daily
30across the country

14

Why did crop failure lead to more crime

They would not have any bread to sell or eat meaning they would have to resort to stealing foods or become in debt which was a crime

15

In 1560-1650, the population doubled which lead to what

A higher demand for food and jobs

16

London was the most popular city in Europe, poor people resorted to gin (gin craze) this lead to what

People stole stuff to sell, people were drunk and homeless

17

New products and duties such as tobacco and alcohol lead to what

More addictions which were fuelled by stealing

18

Travelling traders of cattle were called what

Drovers

19

By 1600, the introduction of more roads lead to what

More highway men

20

Name three crimes the puritans introduced

Not attending church
Swearing
Drinking

21

6 new crimes in the early crimes in the early modern period

Witchcraft
Vagrancy
Smuggling
Highwaymen
Poaching
Heresy

22

Name 5 changed of Law and Order

1. The sheriff became less important as the gov extended the role of JPs
2. Watchmen were introduced as towns grew
3. Power of manor courts and church courts declined after 1600
4. Petty sessions were used more from 1700s
5. Assizes became the main court for dealing with crime, held twice a year for fellonies

23

Gove an example of a highway man

Dick Turpin who was glamorised by the media

24

What was the bloody code

The dramatic increase of crimes punishable by death in the late 1600s

25

In 1688 50 crimes were punishable by death by 1815 ?

225crimes were

26

Name 3 new punishments

Ducking stool
Scolds bridal
Public penance-speak to God and ask for forgiveness

27

What was the goal act

In 1531 forced JPs to build prisons where needed, by 1759 they still mostly held debtors and people waiting trial or punishment

28

What were bridewells

Prisons where inmates were made to work hard, also known as 'House of Correction'
From 1609 they were built in every county

29

In 1520 the population of Britain was 2.4 million, what did it rise to by 1600?

4.1million

30

In 1600 tobacco was smuggled from Virginia, this lead to an increase of ? Import duty tax

30%

31

How many men were involved in smuggling gangs

40-50

32

When did the amount of roads increase?

1600-1700