Deck #1- Plato -> Locke Flashcards Preview

Western Political Thoughts POL 273 > Deck #1- Plato -> Locke > Flashcards

Flashcards in Deck #1- Plato -> Locke Deck (43):
1

CONCEPTIONS OF JUSTICE- Plato
Cephalus [POV]

honesty in word and deed

2

CONCEPTIONS OF JUSTICE- Plato
Polemarchus

Helping friends harming enemies

3

CONCEPTIONS OF JUSTICE- Plato
Thrasymarcus

Opinion of those whole rule

4

CONCEPTIONS OF JUSTICE- Plato
Glaucon

Opinion of the week, banded together

5

CONCEPTIONS OF JUSTICE- Plato
Adeimantus

A thing practiced because of external factors

6

CONCEPTIONS OF JUSTICE- Plato
Socrates

Potrays Plato POV-
thoughts based on Sparta (internal)
how you behave to others (external)

7

WHAT IS JUSTICE?- Plato

Justice is like a skill. Justice is a way of acting not being to others.
the equal characteristic values of wisdom, courage and Temperance

8

THE JUST SOCIETY- [Social Groups] Plato

Philosopher-Kings
Auxilary
Money Makers (Artisans, Tradesman)

9

THE JUST SOCIETY- [Function] Plato

Philosopher-Kings [GOVERNING]
Auxilary [EXECUTIVE]
Money Makers (Artisans, Tradesman) [PRODUCTIVE]

10

THE JUST SOCIETY- [Characteristic Value] Plato

Philosopher-Kings [WISDOM]
Auxilary[COURAGE]
Money Makers (Artisans, Tradesman)[NONE]

11

JUST INDIVIDUAL- Plato

1. Rational
2.Spirited
3.Apetites

12

Purpose of Women in Public Life- Aristotle

women have no role to play

13

Purpose of Women in Public Life- Plato

Women should work for the polis. Comes down to the structure of the female soul

14

Role of Women in Societal Polis- Plato

doesnt want patriarchy

15

Role of Women in Societal Polis- Aristotle

father knows best

16

"Natural"- Aristotle

The biological process of how it is created and its result

17

POLIS IS NATURAL ARGUMENT- Aristotle

1.Argument from consummation
2.Argument from self-sufficiency
3. Argument from speech
4. Argument from the nature of wholes

18

Argument from consummation- Aristotle

Created by the ending of the natural acts of a communtiy

19

Argument from self-sufficiency- Aristotle

We are self-sufficient together which is biological thus making it natural

20

Argument from speech-Aristotle

Nature makes nothing in vain (ability to speak)

21

Argument from the nature of wholes- Aristotle

Men move toward the polis to complete themselves and purpose

Men are apart of the whole; the polis making it NATURAL

22

CHAIN OF BEING- Aristotle

Lowest- Minerals
1;Plants
2;Animals
3.Humans
Highest:Prime Mover-"god"

23

NATURE OF MAN- Augustine

created from the original sin- eating from the tree of knowledge in the Garden of Eden

24

PURPOSE OF GOVERNMENT- Augustine

Need certain institutions to punish certain sins
"doesnt mean the state is good"

25

Difference between PLATO and Augustine

For Augustine: System is based originally on FAITH not rationale.

26

Aquinas- "The Great Synthesizer" Why?

His thesis is compromised of Aristotle & Plato's rationale approach with the inclusion of Augustine's religious approach

27

4 LAWS OF GOD- Aquinas

Eternal Law: Instinct
Divine Law: Revelation
Natural Law: Reason
Human Law:Promulgation

28

ETERNAL LAW- Aquinas

god's plan for the universe
ex. plants moving toward light to grow

29

Natural Law-Aquinas
(bridge between man and god)

the participation of eternal law in rational beings
ex. humans are going to seek they're own intelligence

30

Divine Law-Aquinas

rules given directly from god (from the divine law)
ex. 10 commandments

31

Human Law-Aquinas

1. Ordinance of Reason
2. For the common good
3. has to declared by secular ruler
4. must be declared, distributed and made known by people in the society

Ex. Stop @ a red light

32

Biological Distinction between men & women- ARISTOTLE

Says they are not rational. (Their ability to reason is inconclusive)

33

Family Structure- Aristotle

Men play the key role in the family dynamic and it should be a patriarchal level

34

Purpose of Christian morality. Why? Machiavelli

Admired the republic because it made Rome great & those Christian values are what made them great.

35

Virtu

Boldness, bravery (ex. Soilders)

Gained if only one is in control in themselves

36

Fortuna

Luck, becoming powerful by mere lucky

37

Relationship between men of his time & Machiavelli

Believes men of his time are muss’s (they have no virtu) and they need to rely on fortuna for power

38

How do you get fortuna on your side to gain power?

Fortuna like men with virtu. If you have none, I (Machiavelli) to teach you

39

State of Nature- HOBBES

A situation that exists when there is no force to keep humans alive

Run by fear

40

State of nature- LOCKE

State of nature is one of peace
Not original state of war

41

Why do they leave state of nature- HOBBES

If people are truly intelligent, the6 should reason for a state of peace

42

Why do they leave state of nature- LOCKE

To protect your property(your body & more)

There are limitations

43

Limitation of property

1. Nothing was made by god to destroy
2. You have to leave enough as good for everyone else