Defences&sentences Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Defences&sentences Deck (25):
1

Discharges

Your let go

2

Absolute Discharge

No charges,put behind you,done

3

Conditional Discharge

Conditions placed on discharge

4

Suspended sentence

Sentence is withheld unless offender repeats a crime

5

Probation

Released from jail but have to check in with probation officer, conditions(ex. No alcohol)

6

Binding over

Offender ordered to keep the peace with victim for up to 12 months

7

Fines

Monetary payment

8

Restitution

Payment to repair damage

9

Suspension

Privilege is withheld (ex.drivers licence) usually for a specific period of time

10

Community Service

Help out community by court order

11

Diversion

Instead of court to keep offenders from identifying with criminals, offender serves some sort of restitution(ex.community service)

12

Electronic Monitoring

Ankle bracelet so they can track you

13

Imprisonment

Serve prison time

14

Indefinite sentences

Length not fixed, often for dangerous offenders

15

Alibi

Proof that accused could not have committed the crime(ex. Receipt,witness)

16

Automatism

Unconscious involuntary behaviour

17

Mental disorder

Mentally ill, doesn't know what they're doing, lighter sentencing

18

Intoxication

While intoxicated, lighter sentence, under influence of substance while committing the crime

19

Mistake of Fact

Didn't know it was wrong

20

Self-Defence

Reasonable & necessary force to defend themselves protecting house, property, or people under your care

21

Duress

Person is forced to commit the crime, threatened

22

Consent

Victim gives permission for criminal act to occur

23

Legal duty

People in a position of authority can carry out certain acts that would otherwise be illegal

24

Entrapment

Police aid or encourage it to arrest someone

25

Double Jeopardy

Tried twice for the same offence