Flashcards in Digestive System Review Deck (26):
Process by which the body nourishes itself by transforming food into energy and body tissues.
Substances in food that supply your body uses for growth, repair, and nutrients
List the 5 nutrients used by the body and several foods that each would be found.
Water, carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, minerals
Water, bread, meats, oranges, tofu
List some of the minerals needed by the human body, where you could receive theses minerals and what they would be used for by the body.
Potassium-banana-nerve and muscle function, water balance
Calcium-milk-bone and teeth formation, blood clotting
Iron-meats-it helps to transport oxygen around the body
List the 3 types of teeth and what they are used for.
Molars-grind and crush into a fine paste that can be swallowed.
Cuspid and incisors-cut and tear into food
The break down of food from large into small pieces.
Break down of food particles into smaller useable molecules.
Nutrients that come from the food pass through channels in the intestinal wall and into the bloodstream.
List the organs of the GI (gastro intestinal tract)
Small intestine, duodenum, jejunum, ileum, big intestine, ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon
What is the appendix, what is its function, and where is it located?
Small finger like pouch, acts as a store house for good bacteria, located beside caecum.
What is the epiglottis?
A flap of cartridge at the root of the tongue, which is depressed during swallowing to cover the opening of the wind pipe.
List the accessory organs
Pancreas, liver, gall bladder, salivary glands, appendix, teeth and tongue.
Chemicals that aid in the chemical digestion of food.
Made in pancreas, secreted into small intestine, digests fats
Made in small intestine, secreted into small intestine, breaks down remaining disaccharides to monosaccharides
Made in salivary glands, secreted into mouth, digests starch
Made in small intestine, secreted into small intestine, digests dipeptides
Made in pancreas, secreted into small intestine, digests protein
Made in stomach, secreted into stomach, protein into smaller peptides
Made in small intestine, secreted into small intestine, digests lactase?
Describe the role of insulin in the body
Insulin regulates how the body uses and stores glucose and fat
List the symptoms, causes and treatments for diabetes
Symptoms-frequent urination, intense thirst, and hunger
Causes-absence or insufficient production of insulin, or your body not knowing properly on how to use diabetes.
Treatments-controlling blood sugar (glucose) level is the major goal of diabetes treatment
Causes-when there’s an imbalance in the substances that make up the bile
Symptoms-intense pain in upper right abdomen, nausea, vomiting
Treatments-surgery to remove the gall bladder, medication to dissolve gull bladder
Cause-not sure, they think it goes from generation to generation
Symptoms-slowed growth, weight loss, irritability
Treatments-eat foods that don’t contain gluten
What are essential amino acids?
Histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine tryptophan and valine