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Flashcards in DNA Deck (6)
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1

Molecular purpose of a gene

Provides the recipe to make a single protein molecule

2

How is the structure of DNA similar and different from people with different colored eyes?

Structurally the DNA molecule is identical; changes in the sequences of base pairs (AT CG vs GC TA) produces different traits

3

Why are DNA molecules split at the base pairs during cell division? What enzyme fills in the new base pairs?

Molecules are split to produce copies; DNA polymerase fills in the new base pairs

4

Number of base pairs in each DNA molecule

Millions

5

The goal of transcription is to use one gene within the (blank) to make it an (blank) molecule. (blank) inserts new bases.

DNA, RNA, RNA polymerase

6

The goal of translation is to use a (blank) molecule as a template to make a (blank) molecule. (blank) are the cell structures involved in this synthesis.

RNA, protein, ribosomes