Dysphagia Flashcards Preview

GI 3 > Dysphagia > Flashcards

Flashcards in Dysphagia Deck (10):
1

valleculae

space between the epiglottis and base of the tongue

2

pyriform sinuses

located above the cricopharyngeus muscle

3

benefits of pharyngeal recesses

- allows food and liquid to hesitate and may protect against aspiration

4

risks of pharyngeal recesses

- residue in the pharyngeal recesses may not clear, can spill over and result in aspiration

5

purpose of modified barium swallow study

- evaluates oral-pharyngeal phases primarily and is for identifying causes of swallowing dysfunction for treatment planning

6

purpose of standard barium swallow

- evaluates esophageal function

7

aspiration pneumonia risks

- decayed teeth (oral bacteria)
- number of meds taken
- multiple medical diagnoses
- smoking
- swallowing saliva high in bacteria can cause aspiration pneumonia to develop

8

potential risk factor of prescribing thickened liquids

- not well liked
- high refusal rate
- become thicker as they sit
- dehydration may develop leading to other medical problems

9

advantages of tracheostomy tube during swallow evaluation

- allows us to see aspirated material
- easier to access to suctioning if needed

10

Passy Muir Speaking valves

- used to facilitate communication and swallowing
- placed on trach tube and allows inhalation through the trach, exhalation is redirected through the vocal tract allowing the person to speak
- if trach tube has a cuff, cuff must be deflated prior to placement or pt wont be able to breath