Emergency Action Plans (EAP) and How to respond to injuries and medical conditions in a sporting context Flashcards Preview

Cambridge National Sport Level 1/2 > Emergency Action Plans (EAP) and How to respond to injuries and medical conditions in a sporting context > Flashcards

Flashcards in Emergency Action Plans (EAP) and How to respond to injuries and medical conditions in a sporting context Deck (17):
1

What does SALTAPS stand for?

See- what happened, look to see if the player is distressed or in pain
Ask- ask the player where it hurts and how severe it is
Look- look for signs of injury e.g. bleeding, bruising, swelling
Touch- touch the injury check for pain and heat
Active- can the person move the limb themselves
Passive- when you move the limb passively does it hurt much? Is it moving normally?
Strength- does the player have enough strength in the injured area to move unaided

2

What does R.I.C.E. stand for?

- Rest
- Ice
- Compression
- Elevation

3

How and why should you apply REST to an injury?

How
- rest the injured area
- stop the activity
- don't put weight on injured area/use crutches or splint if possible
Why
- continued activity can cause further harm/injury

4

How and why should you apply ICE to an injury?

How
- apply ice for 15/20min every 2/3 hours (regular intervals)
- use an ice pack or bag of frozen peas
Why
- applying ice to the area will help to stop internal bleeding
- helps to relieve pain
-blood vessels contract so stop swelling

5

How and why should you apply COMPRESSION to an injury?

How
- compress the area with a bandage (not to tight)
Why
- helps to reduce swelling and pain by directing blood away from the area

6

How and why should you apply ELEVATION to an injury?

How
- raise the injured site above the level of the heart or keep the limb up
Why
- helps to reduce swelling and pain by directing blood away from the area

7

When should heat treatment be used and how does it work?

When to use
- use when an injury is older than 48 hours (2 days) do not use before this time
How does it work
- heat causes the blood vessels to open wide so more blood is brought to the injured area, this helps to promote healing
- heat can reduce pain and muscle spasms

8

When should cold treatment be used and how does it work?

When to use
- used to treat soft tissue injuries immediately or later in rehab
-apply ice for 15-20min and repeat every 2-3 hours
How does it work
- reduces pain by numbing the area
- reduces swelling

9

Why bandage and what injuries is it used for?

Why bandage
- applying compression to injury can reduce swelling
What injuries is it used for
- commonly used to treat muscle strains and ligament sprains (e.g. pulled calf or twisted ankle)

10

Why use a sling and for what injuries?

Why a sling
-sling is used to support and keep the injured area still to prevent further injury and ease pain
When are they used
- slings are often used with arm and shoulder injuries (e.g. fractured wrist, dislocated shoulder)

11

Why would you use a splint?

Why a splint
- a splint prevents you from moving a fractured bone (e.g. shin) or dislocated joint (e.g. knee)
- it protects the injured area and can help prevent pain by restricting movement
- splints are sometimes used after surgery to aid recovery

12

Why might the R.I.C.E. method be unsuitable to treat some injuries

- wouldn't address the injury/ e.g. not stop the bleeding
- waste time when injured person should be taken straight to hospital or 999 should be called
- could cause more pain/harm/cause further injury
-increase risk of infection

13

When should massage be used and what are the benefits of it?

When to use
- use when an injury is older than 48 hours (2 days) do not use before this time
- can be used after exercise to help aid recovery
How does it help
- encourages blood flow to injured area
- increases flexibility/reduces tension
- can help to reduce pain/muscle soreness
- breaks down scar tissue

14

When is taping used and how can it help?

When to use
- can be used before during or after activity to support an injured body part
How does it help
- provides support or keeps muscle/joint in place
- reduces pain

15

How can bandaging help treat an injury?

-Prevents swelling or decreases blood flow
- eases pain
- keeps area immobilised/gives it support
- stops bleeding
- stops/prevents infection

16

What is a splint used for and how does it help?

Used for
- prevents you from moving a broken bone or dislocated joint (usually applied to legs)
How does it help?
- reduces pain
- prevents further injury/damage

17

What is a sling used for and how does it help?

Used for
- supporting an injured arm or shoulder
How does it help?
- keeps injured part of the body still (immobilised)
- helps to reduce blood flow to injured site (injury kept elevated)