Essential newborn care Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Essential newborn care Deck (19):
1

TF/ The EINC is done in public and private setting

True

2

Ideal temperature of:

  • Delivery room
  • Baby

  • Delivery room
    • 25 to 28 oC
  • Baby
    • 36.5 to 37.5 oC

 

3

Four core steps of ENC
 

  • Immediate and thorough drying
  • Early skin-to-skin contact
  • Properly timed cord clamping
  • Non-separation of the newborn and mother for early initiation of breastfeeding

 

Memory aid:

  • DSCB

4

Dry the newborn thoroughly for at least ____

30 seconds 

5

Hypothermia can lead to:

  • Infection
  • Coagulation defects
  • Delayed circulatory adjustment
  • Acidosis
  • RDS
  • Brain hemorrhage

 

Memory aid:

  • ICCARB

6

The body surface area of a newborn infant is approximately ____ times that of an adult

3

7

Benefits of skin-to-skin contact

  • Breastfeeding success and bonding
  • Lymphoid tissue system stimulation
  • Exposure to maternal skin flora
  • Sugar (protection from hypoglycemia)
  • Thermoregulation

8

When to do cord clamping?

When pulsation stops (2 to 3 minutes)

9

Significance of delayed cord clamping

  • To reduce anemia in term and preterm
  • To reduce IVH and transfusions in preterm

10

After the umbilical pulsations have stopped, clamp the cord using a sterile stopped, clamp the cord using a sterile plastic clamp or tie at ____ cm from the umbilical base then clamp again at ____ cm from the base 

2; 5

11

Advantage and disadvantage of cord care with antiseptics

  • No advantage
  • Longer time for the cord stump to fall off or separate

12

Signs of good suckling

  • Mouth wide open
  • Lower lip turned outwards
  • Baby’s chin touching breast
  • Suckling is slow, deep with some pauses

13

Postpone washing until at least ____ hours

6

14

Delaying Initiation of breastfeeding increases risk of ____

Infection-related deaths (prevents 19.1% of all neonatal deaths)

15

When is non-separation of mother and newborn for breastfeeding done?

  • 20 to 60 minutes after birth
  • 90 minutes (DOH/WHO)

16

Optimal method for maintaining temperature in a stable neonate

Skin-to-skin contact

17

Meds for Crede's prophylaxis

  • Erythromycin ointment 0.5%; or
  • Tetracylcine 1%

18

Vitamin K dosage and route

0.5 to 1.0 mg/IM

19

When to give HBIg

  • If HBsAg ⊕ mother; or
  • Mother's HBsAg status is unknown and birth weight is < 2 kg