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Flashcards in Exam 2 Deck (29)
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1

What type of arthritides have soft tissue swelling, edema, uniform loss of joint space, erosions, and juxta-articular osteoporosis, symmetric pattern

Inflammatory

2

What type of arthritide has a non uniform loss of joint space, osteophytes, subchondral sclerosis, cystic changes, asymmetric changes

Degenerative arthritides

3

Notable soft tissue masses within periarticular soft tissues, well marginated bone lesions, PRESERVATION OF JOINT SPACE

Metabolic

4

Infectious / septic arthritis is MC in what age

Below 30

5

Mc organism in infectious/septic arthritis

Staphylococcus aureus

6

Early disease is nearly impossible to detect on X-ray ____-_____% must be destroyed to see it

30-50

7

Ages 0-20 what type of arthritis

Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis

8

20-40 what type of arthritis

Seronegative, Seropositive

9

Over age 40 what type

DISH, gout, CPPD

10

ABCDS of joint disease

Alignment, bone, cartilage, distribution, soft tissue

11

Taking historical points and physical findings and putting them together into one diagnosis

Law of Parsimony

12

4 categories of arthritides

Inflammatory, degenerative, metabolic, infection

13

MC Form of scoliosis

Idiopathic

14

Where is idiopathic scoliosis most common

Females T8-12 with a Right convexity

15

Age classifications of scoliosis

0-3 infantile
3-10 juvenile
>10 adolescent --Most common

16

Antalgia

Lean into pain

17

Mc tumor that causes a painful scoliosis

Osteoid osteoma

18

Wrong way scoliosis

Left thoracic convexity

19

Significance of wrong way scoliosis

Syringomyelia, Arnold chiari malformation, neurology exam

20

Rissers sign

Grades skeletal maturity, using the iliac apophyses to grade skeletal malformation

21

what age rissers sign in
Girls:
Boys:

14 girls
16 boys

22

Relative preservation of joint space

Metabolic

23

Non inflammatory deterioration of articular cartilage with articular surface and marginal bone formation

Osteoarthritis

24

What is most affected with osteoarthritis

Weight bearing articulations- spine, hips, knees, AC JOINT, 1st MTP, trapezium, DIP

25

Stiffness especially with rest

Gelling phenomenon

26

Heberdens nodes

DIPS

27

Appears unusually inflammatory

Erosive osteoarthritis

28

What's the classic radiographic finding with erosive osteoarthritis

gull wing appearance

29

HADD MC in what tendon

Supraspinatous