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Flashcards in final Deck (26):
1

Functions of water

Temperature regulation
Remove waste
lubricate : Gi tract abiotic fluid

2

what organs are insensible to water loss

skin lungs feces-- in that order

3

True or false Bromodichloromethane in drinking water effects liver cancer

False

4

true or false
caffeine cause dehydration

false finding say it doesn't
also doesn't alter fluid distribution and TBW

5

Major mineral

Sodium
potassium
chloride
calcium
phoshorous
magnesium
sulfur

6

Which minerals are risk of deficiencies

calcium , zinc Iron

7

which are the most toxic minerals

trace minerals

8

Sodium chloride is how much sodium

40% by mass

9

how much sodium as added to our diet by individuals

1/3-/12 the intake
the Next half is added by the manufacturing companies

10

What is daily value of sodium

2,400 mg/day

minimum-500mg/day

in the US we intake far too much

11

what is the AI of sodium

1500mg=1.5gm/day

12

upper limit of sodium (UL)

2300

13

how many humans suffer from Salt Sensitive Hypertension

only 10-15%

But high sodium intake leads to high blood pressure

14

with potassium levels

hypoalkemia can lead to _____
Hyperalkemia______

Hypoalkemia can lead to irregular heart beat

hyperalkemia insist heart function only seen in kidney disease

15

cure for beri beri

thiamine - 1st vitamin discovered

16

isoretinol

vitamin A acne meds similar to retinol
HIGH RISK OF BIRTH DEFECTS

17

vitamin A forms and what they are good for

Retinol- reproduction
Retinal- vision
and retinoic acid- grows an cell maturation- epithelium- triggers dna to differentiate

18

hyperkertinosis is cause be deficiency in

vitamin A

19

TEF

thermic affect of food
the energy used to eat metabolize a n digest food

20

TIBC

total iron binding capacity,- measure pf free transferrin

21

what is converted to niacin to prevent pellegra

tryptophan

Pellegra 3D
direhea
dermatitis
dementia

22

Holocarboxylase deficiecy

can result in biotin deficiency is genetic

23

overdose on pyridoxine B6 can lead to

In reparable nerve damage
hand and foot numbness

24

Pyridoxine B6 Is useful for treating

SIDEROBLASTIC ANEMIA

25

deficiency in Folate causes

hemolytic And Megaloblastic anemia

26

methymalony-CoA mutase deficiency

dedfiency in a enzyme for B12
can be fatal