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Flashcards in GER/AUT/SWZ Deck (204):
1

What does "Hock" mean?

- An English term since 1800s used to indicate wines from the middle Rhine which later became the generic term for German wines.
- By the end of 1800s "Mossele" evolved as a distinct category than the generic Hock.

2

When was Phylloxera discovered in Germany?

1872

3

What was the outcome of the Flurbereiningung campaign?

Consolidation of parcels of land divided by successive generations. Many of the old terraces critical to winegrowing were eliminated to make room for the increasing Muller-Thrugau plantings.

4

What does Amtliche Prufungsnummer?

"Official exam number" consisting of 5 sets of digits.
1. the location of the examination board
2. the village in which the wine was produced
3. the producer
4. the unique number of the bottling
5. the year in which the wine was tasted (typically 1 calendar year after the harvest)

5

What is the minimum size for single vineyards in Germany?

5 hectares with a few exceptions:
1. Forster Kirchenstuck - Pfalz
2. Bernkasteler Doctor - Middle Mosel
3. Kiedricher Turmberg - Rheingau

6

What does the term Feinherb indicate on a German wine label?

indicates a a slightly off-dry style

7

What does "geschutzte Ursprungsbezeichnung" mean?

protected designation of origin

8

What are the 4 German Wine categories?

1. Wein (Deutscher Wein if produced from German grapes)
2. Landwein
3. Qualitatswein (7% min alcohol level)
4. Pradikatswein (7% for Kabinett, Spatlese and Auslese; 5.5 % for Beerenauslese, Eiswein and Trockenbeerenauslese)

9

What are the minimum must weights for Pradikatswein ?

1. Kabinett 70 - 85 oechsle
2. Spatlese 80 - 95 oecshle
3. Auslese 88 - 105 oecshle
4. Beernauslese 110 - 128 oechsle
5. Eiswein 110 - 128 oechsle
6. Trockenbeerenauslese 150 - 154 oechsle

10

What does VDP stand for?

Verband Deutscher Pradikatsweinguter - an association of German producers dedicated to high quality wines made from representative varieties for each region with the aim of preserving the sense of place.

11

What are the requirements for the VDP membership?

- higher minimum must weights than the German law
- lower maximum yields than the German law permits
- all wines must be estate grown
- must cultivate a minimum of 80% traditional grapes
- VDP prohibits the usage of Gorsslagen on the label
- mandatory presence of the logo (Traubenadler)

12

When was VDP founded? How was it initially called?

1910. Verband Deutscher Naturweinversteigerer - Natur referring to unchaptalized wines.

13

What are the 4 different tiers in VDP? What are the maximum yields for each tier?

1. Gutswein - regional tier - 75hl/ha
2. Ortswein - village tier - 75 hl/ha
3. Erste Lage - premier cru - 60hl/ha
4. Grosse Lage - grand cru - 50hl/ha

14

What is Gutswein?

The first tier in the VDP classification; the only statement of origin on the label is the Anbaugebiet is coming from

15

What is Ortswein?

The second tier in the VDP classification denoting wines made from multiple vineyards within the same village that are typically labeled with the village name and/or a statement of soil like: Kalkstein (limestone), Blauen Schiefer (blue slate) or Buntsandstein (red sandstone).

16

What is Erste Lage?

The third tier in the VDP classification often traditionally labeled with the vineyard name preceded by the village name.

17

What is Grosse Lage?

The forth and the highest tier in the VDP classification which are labeled solely with the vineyard name.

18

What does the term Grosses Gewachs (GG) mean?

- a dry wine from a Grosse Lage vineyard
- must be minimum Spatlese level at harvest
- must carry GG on the label
- the whites can be released only after 1st September of the year after the harvest
- the reds must age an additional year with 12 months in wood


19

Can Pradikat levels used on VDP wines labels?

Yes, but are reserved for sweet wines.
"Spatlese trocken" and "Auslese trocken" no longer appear on dry wine labels.

20

When can Pradikatswein Grosse Lage be released?

As early as 1st of May the year following the harvest.

21

Is chaptalization allowed in VDP wines?

Legally yes. It is routinely practiced with the Spatburgunder.

22

In which Anbaugebiete doesn't exist the "Erste Lage" category?

Mosel, Ahr and Rheinhessen.

23

What is the most planted grape in Germany?

Riesling

24

What are the sizes of Stuck, Doppelstuck and Halbstuck?

1. Stuck - 1200 liters
2. Doppelstuck - 2400 liters
3. Halbstuck - 600 liters

25

What is the second most planted grape in Germany?

Muller-Thurgau. It was a very important component in Liebfraumilch and other low-end products.

26

What are the parents of Muller-Thurgau?

Riesling x Madeleine Royale.

27

What is Fruhburgunder?

A rare specialty of Germany. A natural mutation genetically identical to Pinot Noir with thicker skins and 2 weeks earlier ripening giving a wine with darker color, more fruit expression and lower acidity. Known in France as Pinot Noir Precoce.

28

What is the most planted red grape in Germany?

Spatburgunder (Pinot Noir). 50% of the plantings are in Baden.

29

What is the second most planted red grape in Germany?

Dornfelder (Helfensteiner x Heroldrebe). Is thick skinned, producing darker and fuller style than the Spatburgunder.

30

What is the synonym for Grauburgunder in Baden?

Rulander, often used for Botrytized styles.

31

Which river flows through Baden separating it from Alsace?

The Rhine river.

32

What does a golden capsule mean on a Mosel or Rheingau bottle?

It indicates a higher level of sweetness and distinction. If the golden capsule is longer (lange Goldkapsule) it indicates an even rarer and special selection.

33

What other symbol apart from the golden capsule is used in Mosel to distinguish reserve bottles?

Stars. *, **, ***

34

Explain the terms "Classic" and "Selection" in Germany.

Classic
- harmoniously dry wines max 15 grams RS per liter
- single varietal without mentioning the vineyard on the label
- min 12% alcohol (11.5% in Mosel)
Selection
- single variety from single vineyards
- hand harvested
- max yields 60 hl/ha
- min 12.2% alcohol
- must weight needs to be equal to Auslese (88-105)
- released after first of September 1 year after harvest
- max 9 grams RS per liter (12 for Riesling)

35

What do the terms "Gustabfullung" and "Erzeugerabfullung" mean?

German term for Estate-Bottled.

36

What does the term "Abfuller" mean?

German term for commercial winery.

37

Which region in Germany is associated with Silvaner?

Franken.

38

What are the four types of Silvaner varieties?

Gruner, Blauer, Roter, Gelber.

39

How is Pinot Blanc in Germany called? What are the main regions for it?

Weissburgunder. Baden and Pfalz.

40

How is Blaufrankisch called in Germany and where is it mainly grown?

Lamberger. In Wurttemberg

41

What are the parents of Scheurebe? What are the main regions for it?

Riesling x Bukettrebe. Rheinhessen and Pfalz.

42

How is Pinot Meunier called in Germany?

Schwarzriesling.

43

Which producer is accredited with producing the first Spatlese?

Schloss Johannisberg.

44

How many Bereiche in Rheingau?

1 only, Johannisberg.

45

What does the term Erstes Gewachs mean?

Legally defined term by the German Wine Law denoting dry Riesling or Spatburgunder from selected vineyards in Rheingau.

46

Give 2 monopoles in Rheingau.

Schloss Johannisberg - Schloss Johannisberg
Hattenheimer Steinberg - Kloster Eberbach
Hattenheimer Pfaffenberg - Schloss Schonborn

47

Name 3 Einzellage in Rudesheim, Rheingau.

Berg Rottland
Berg Roseneck
Berg Schlossberg

48

Name 3 Einzellage in Hochheim, Rheingau

Holle
Kirchenstuck
Domdechaney

49

Which river flows near the village of Hochheim in Rheingau?

The Main river.

50

Where is Hollenberg and what is it famous for?

Is an Einzellage in Assmannhausen, Rheingau. Famous for Spatburgunder. August Kesseler is a very good producer.

51

Name 5 Gemeinden (vilages) in Rheingau.

1. Assmannhausen
2. Rudesheim
3. Geisenheim
4. Johannisberg
5. Winkel
6. Hattenheim
7. Hallgarten
8. Erbach
9. Kiedrich
10. Eltville
11. Hocheim am Main

52

Name 2 Einzellage in Johannisberg, Rheingau.

Schloss Johannisberg
Holle

53

Name 3 Einzellage in Winkel, Rheingau.

Schlossberg (monopole of Schloss Vollrads)
Dachsberg
Gutenberg
Hasensprung
Jesuitengarten

54

Name 3 Einzellage in Hattenheim, Rheingau.

Pfaffenberg
Mannberg
Steinberg
Hassel
Engelmannsberg
Wisselbrunnen

55

What does "alleinbesitz" mean?

Monopole

56

Name 3 Einzellage in Halgarten, Rheingau.

Schonhell
Jungfer
Hendelberg
Kloster Eberbach

57

Name 1 Einzellage in Kiedrich, Rheingau.

Klosterberg
Turmberg
Grafenberg (Robert Weil is a very good producer)

58

Where can we find the steepest slopes in Rheingau?

Rudesheim, Berg Schlossberg is at 70% grade.

59

Which mountain range is situated East from the Rhein river?

Taunus Mountain Range.

60

Name 1 Einzellage in Erbach, Rheingau.

Siegelsberg
Marcobrunn

61

Name 1 Einzellage in Eltville, Rheingau.

Kalbspflicht
Taubenberg
Langenstuck
Sonnenberg

62

What is Charta Association?

Association of growers who promote dry quality wines made from Riesling in Rheingau following more stringent rules than the German Wine Law . The emblem of 3 Roman arches.

63

Which Mountains are located next to the Mosel river?

Hunsruck Hills and Eifel Mountains.

64

Name the Bereiche of Mosel.

1. Bernkastel
2. Burg Cochem
3. Obermosel
4. Ruwertal
5. Saar
6. Moseltor

65

How does the Devonian slate impact grape growing in Mosel?

It releases the heat stored throughout the day during the night helping to defuse the night time low temperatures.

66

Where can we find single post system of vine training.

In Mosel, due to the steepness of the slopes which sometimes can be up to 100%.

67

List all Gemeinden in Bernkastel. Name at least 1 Einzellage for each.

1. Trittenheim (Apotheke)
2. Piesport (Goldtropfchen, Domherr)
3. Brauneberg (Juffer, Juffer Sonnenuhr)
4. Bernkastel - Kues (Doktor, Lay)
5. Graach (Domprobst, Josephshofer, Himmelreich)
6. Wehlen (Sonnenuhr)
7. Zeltingen (Sonnenuhr)
8. Urzig (Wurzgarten)
9. Erden (Pralat, Treppchen)

68

Where is Winningen? Name 1 Einzellage within it.

Burg Cochem bereich in Mosel. Einzellage Uhlen. Heymann Lowenstein is a star producer.

69

What is the soil of Obermosel? What is the main grape?

Clacareous soil. The Elbling variety is producing simple fruit-forward whites and sparkling wines.

70

What are the tributaries of Mosel?

Ruwer and Saar.

71

List 2 Gemeinden in Ruwertal. Name 1 Einzellage for each.

Eitelsbach (Karthauserhofberg)
Mertesdorf (Abstberg, Herrenberg, Bruderberg)

72

List 2 Gemeinden in Saar. Name 1 Einzellage for each.

Wiltingen (Scharzhofberg). Egon Muller lauded producer.
Saarburg (Rausch)
Kanzem (Altenberg, Sonnenberg, Horecker)

73

What is the biggest wine growing region in Germany?

Rheinhessen.

74

Which region in the world has the most Silvaner planted ?

Rheinhessen.

75

What is Liebfraumilch?

Cheap, high volume wine allowed to be produced in Nahe, Pfalz, Rheingau and Rheinhessen. It has to contain minimum 70% of Riesling, Muller-Thurgau, Silvaner and Kerner. Must contain minimum 18 grams RS per liter and cannot have varietals on the label.

76

Name 3 Bereiche in Rheinhessen.

1. Nierstein
2. Wonnegau
3. Bingen

77

List 2 Gemeinden in Nierstein. Name 1 Einzellage for each.

Nackenheim (Rothenberg)
Nierstein (Hipping, Pettenthal)
Openheim (Schutzenhutte, Sacktrager)

78

List 2 Gemeinden in Wonnegau. Name 1 Einzellage for each.

Florsheim - Dalsheim
Westhofen (Mortstein, Kirchspiel)

79

Which area is associated with quality winegrowing in Rheinhessen?

Roter Hang, a "red hill" of clay and red sandstone (Rotliegendes) on the left bank of the Rhine between Nackenheim and Nierstein.

80

Name two producers in Roter Hang.

Klaus-Peter Keller and Philipp Wittmann.

81

Who is producing G Max Riesling?

Klaus-Peter Keller, is the most expensive Riesling in Germany. Made from a vine-by-vine selection from the best of the 16 hectares of estate vineyards in Wonnegau.

82

Which region has the world's largest acreage of Riesling?

Pfalz.

83

Which varieties are authorized for VDP Grosse Lage in Pfalz?

Riesling, Spatburgunder and Weissburgunder.

84

Name the Bereiche of Pfalz.

1. Sudliche Weinstrasse
2. Mittelhaardt Deutsche Weinstrasse

85

Name 3 Gemeinden in Mittelhaardt Deutsche Weinstrasse. Give 1 Einzellage in each.

Kallstadt (Saumagen)
Ungstein
Bad Durckheim
Wachenheim
Forst (Kirchenstuck, Freundstuck, Pechstein, Ungeheuer, Jesuitengarten)
Deidesheim
Felsenberg

86

What is the warmest vineyard in Pfalz?

Kirchenstuck from the village of Forst.

87

Where are Reichstrat Von Buhl, Burklin-Wolf and Bassermann-Jordan producers located?

Mittelhaardt, Pfalz.

88

What are the soils in Pfalz?

Very diverse,similar with Alsace. Layers of Basalt, Limestone (Kalkstein), shell-limestone(Muschelkalk), sand , gravel and loess.

89

What is the river that Franken lies on?

The Main river.

90

What is the climate in Franken?

Continental with short, hot summers and cold winters.

91

What is the most planted grape in Franken?

Muller-Thurgau.

92

What is the most important grape in Franken?

Silvaner.

93

How is the traditional bottle called in Franken?

Bocksbeutel

94

Name the 3 Bereichen in Franken.

1. Mainviereck
2. Maindreieck
3. Steigerwald

95

Gemeinden and Einzellage in Maindreieck.

Wurzburg (Stein, Leiste)
Eschendorf (Lump)

96

Gemeinden in Steigerwald.

Iphofen
Castell

97

Which village is shared between Franken, Baden and Wurttemberg?

Taubertal

98

Which grape is solely permitted by the VDP Grosse Lage in Nahe?

Riesling.

99

Give 3 Gemeinden in Nahe and name 1 Einzellage for each.

Bad Kreuznach
Bad Munster
Norheim
Oberhausen (Brucke)
Niederhausen (Hermanshohle, Hermannsberg)
Schloss Bockelheim (Kupfergrube, Felsenberg)

100

Give 2 Einzellage in Pfalz which are smaller than 5 hectares.

Hohenmorgen in Deidesheim
Freundstuck in Frost

101

What are the 3 most successfull grapes used in Baden?

Spatburgunder, Weissburgunder and Grauburgunder.

102

Give 3 Bereiche in Baden.

1. Badische Bergstrasse Karichgau
2. Bodensee
3. Breisgau
4. Kaiserstuhl (most celebrated for Spatburgunder)
5. Markgraferland
6. Ortenau
7. Tauberfranken
8. Tuniberg

103

What is the most planted red grape in Wurttemberg?

Trollinger (Schiava in Italy)

104

Where can we find Schwarzriesling in Germany?

In Wurttemberg.

105

What is the synonym for Blaufrankisch in Wurttemberg?

Lemberger.

106

Give 3 Bereiche in Wurttemberg.

1. Wurttembergischer Unterland
2. Wurttenbergischer Bodensee
3. Kocher Jagst Tauber
4. Oberer Neckar
5. Remstal Stuttgart
6. Bayerischer Bodensee

107

What is Schillerwein?

A special style of rose from Wurttemberg which is allowed to be made by blending white wine with red wine.

108

What is the main grape in Ahr?

Spatburgunder, together with Fruhburgunder they account for 70% of the plantings.

109

What is it special about Spatburgunder from Ahr?

It is a rare example of slate grown Pinot Noir which imparts a smoky undertone to the wine.

110

Where is Walporzheim - Ahrtal?

Is a gemeinde in Ahr, Germany.

111

What are the Bereiche of Mittelrhein?

1. Siebengbirge
2. Lorelei

112

What does "lieblich" mean?

Medium sweet.

113

What is the main grape in Mittelrhein?

Riesling. Conditions here are similar to Mosel but the wines tend to be drier on average.

114

What is the smallest Anbaugebiet in Germany?

Hessische Bergstrasse.

115

What are the Bereiche of Hessische Bergstrasse?

1. Starkenburg
2. Umstadt

116

What is the maine grape in Hessische Bergstrasse?

Riesling, mostly consumed locally.

117

What is the northernmost region in Germany?

Sachsen and Saale-Unstrut. 51 degrees N latitude.

118

Name the Bereiche of Sachsen.

1. Elstertal
2. Dresden
3. Meissen

119

Name the Bereiche of Saale-Unstrut

1. Schlossneuenberg
2. Thurigen

120

Where can we find Goldriesling?

In Sachsen. Is a crossing developed in 1893 at the Oberlin Institute in Alsace.

121

What are the main grapes planted in Sachsen and Saale-Unstrut?

Muller-Thurgau and Riesling.

122

What is the first record of Trockenbeerenauslese?

1526 in Austria.

123

Who developed the wire trellising system?

Dr. Lenz Moser in the 1950s.

124

What does the antifreeze scandal in 1985 refer to?

Diethylene glycol, a colorless, odorless, poisonous chemical was added to the light wines for added texture.

125

What are the 4 major wine growing regions (weinbaugebiete) in Austria from north to south?

1. Niederosterreich.
2. Wien
3. Burgenland
4. Styria (Steiermark)

126

Give 2 synonyms for Chardonnay in Austria.

Morillon and Feinburgunder.

127

Parents of Zweigelt.

Blaufrankischx St. Laurent

128

Parents of Blauburger.

Blauer Portugieser x Blaufrankisch.

129

What are the levels of quality for wine in Austria?

1. Wein
2. Landwein
3. Qualitatswein

130

What are the requirements for Qualitatswein?

- sourced from one of the Weinbaugebiete
- made from one or more of the 36 permitted grapes
- must pass a tasting panel
- undergoes chemical analysis
- Prufnummer (State Control Number)
- inclusion of red and white banderole on the capsule
- max yield 67.5 hl
- min 9 % alcohol (5 % for Pradikatswein)

131

What are the requirements for Wein?

- vintage dated
- may carry varietal on the label
- the sole origin permitted on the label is Osterreich
- max yield 67.5 hl
- min 8.5 % alcohol

132

What are the requirements for Landwein?

- production is restricted to the 36 permitted grapes
- labeled with one of the 3 broad geographic areas (Weinbauregionen)
1. Weinland (Niederosterreich + Wien + Burgenland)
2. Steierland (Steiermark)
3. Bergland (500 hectares of mountainous countryside)
- max yield 75 hl
- min 8.5 % alcohol

133

What does the term "Bergwein" means on an Austrian wine label?

It means that the fruit is coming from hillside vineyards with more than 26% slope.

134

What does the term "Heuriger" means in Austria.

The wine from the last (or most recent) vintage.

135

What are the requirements for Kabinett wines in Austria?

- min must weight 17 KMW
- no chaptalisation allowed
- max 9 gr/L RS
- max 13% alcohol
- no addition of sussreserve

136

What is Ausbruch?

A sweet wine produced in a similar way with Tokaji coming from the city of Rust in Neusiedlersee with Trockenbeerenauslese ripeness level min 30 KMW.

137

What do "trocken", "halbtrocken" and "lieblich" mean on an Austrian wine label?

- trocken = dry; 4 gr/l RS or max 9 gr/l RS if TA is not lower than 2 gr/l below this value.
- halbtrocken = off-dry; max 18 gr/l RS if TA is no less than 10 gr/l below this value.
- lieblich = medium-sweet; max 45 gr/l RS
- sweet 45 gr/l RS ++

138

What is the minimum alcohol content for wines with Pradikat in Austria?

5%.

139

List all DACsin Austria.

1. Weinviertel
2. Mittelburgenland
3. Traisental
4. Kremstal
5. Kamptal
6. Leithaberg
7. Eisenberg
8. Neusiedlersee
9. Wiener Gemischter Satz
10. Rosalia
11. Vulkanland Steiermark
12. Sudsteiermark
13. Weststeiermark.

140

What are the 4 DACs added in 2018?

1. Rosalia
2. Vulkanland Steiermark
3. Sudsteiermark
4. Weststeiermark.

141

What are the DACs of Burgenland?

1. Eisenberg
2. Leithaberg
3. Neusiedlersee
4. Rosalia
5. Mittleburgenland

142

What are the DACs of Niederosterreich?

1. Wachau
2. Kremstal
3. Kamptal
4. Traisental
5. Wagram
6. Weinviertel
7. Carnuntum
8. Thermenregion

143

What are the DACs or Steiermark?

1. Vulkanland Steiermark
2. Sudsteiermark
3. Weststeiermark

144

What are the categories of Austrian Sekt?

1. Klassik
2. Reserve
3. Grose Reserve

145

Requirements for Klassik Sekt in Austria?

- grapes harvested in a single Austrial federal state
- both fermentations conducted in Austria
- area of origin - federal state
- not sold before 22nd October 1st year after the harvest
- any method of production
- max 12.5 % alcohol
- min 9 months on lees
- all sweetness levels permitted

146

Requirements for Reserve Sekt in Austria?

- grapes harvested and pressed in a single state
- area of origin - federal state
- blending is not allowed for Rose wines
- not sold before 22nd October 2nd year after the harvest
- hand harvest only
- max 60% press yield
- traditional method only
- min 18 months on lees
- Brut, Extra Brut, Brut Nature only

147

Requirements for Grosse Reserve Sekt in Austria?

- grapes harvested and pressed in a single mincipality
- vineyard designation is permitted
- blending is not allowed for Rose wines
- not sold before 22nd October 3rd year after the harvest
- hand harvest only
- max press yield 50%
- traditional method only
- min 30 months on lees
- Brut, Extra Brut and Brut Nature only

148

What does the term " Hauersekt" mean in Austria?

Tirage, disgorgement and expedition performed by the grape grower.

149

Sugar levels designation and RS for Sekt?

1. Brut nature / Brut Zero -> 0 - 3 g/l
2. Extra Brut / Extra Herb -> 0 - 6 g/l
3. Brut / Herb -> 0 - 12 g/l
4. Extra Dry / Extra Trocken -> 12 - 17 g/l
5. Dry / Trocken -> 17 - 32 g/l
6. Demi-sec / Halbtrocken -> 32-50 g/l
7. Doux / Sweet -> 50+ g/l

150

What do the words "Geschutzter Usprung, geprufte Qualitat" mean on the official seal on an Austrian Sekt with PDO?

"Protected designation of origin and certified quality" to differentiate it from the normal Austrian Sekt.

151

Which DACs in Niederosterreich are not located along the Danube river?

Weinviertel and Thermenregion.

152

Which regions are entitled to use Erste Lage (single vineyard designation) on the label? Which grapes are allowed?

Members of the Austrian Association of Traditional Vintners from Kamptal, Kremstal, Traisental and Wagram. Riesling and Gruner Veltliner.

153

Which grape is allowed for DAC wines from Weinviertel?

Gruner Veltliner.
- Klassik is min 12% alc - no botrytis or wood notes
- Reserve is min 13% - may have botrytis or wood notes

154

Which grapes are allowed for DAC wines from Kamptal, Kremstal and Traisental?

Riesling
Gruner Veltliner
- Klassik is min 12% alc - no botrytis or wood notes
- Reserve is min 13% - may have botrytis or wood notes

155

Name 2 tributaries of the Danube in Niederosterreich.

Krems and Kamp.

156

What does the word "Ried" indicate on an Austrian wine label?

It indicates a top site.

157

What is the climate in Wachau?

Continental with cold winters and hot summers. The rivers Melk, Krems and the Danube moderate the severe continental climate.i

158

Which region in Austria makes some of the most age worthy wines?

Wachau, due ti its climate, soil (loess and gfohler with alluvial sands) and aspect (terraced slopes on the north bank of the river).

159

What is the classification in Wachau?

Steinfeder - min 15 KMW; max 11.5%
Federspiel - min 17 KMW; 11.5% - 12.5%
Smaragd - min 19 KMW; min 12.5%
- all 3 categories must be dry

160

Name 3 producers in Wachau.

FX Pichler
Prager
Emmerich Knoll

161

What is Vinea Wachau?

An organisation of estates in Wachau founded in 1983 dedicated to natural winemaking.
Codex Wachau: no additives (chaptalization), no aromatization (new oak) and no fractionation (de-alcoholization).

162

What is Roter Veltliner?

A red grape produced as a white wine, specialty of Wagram.

163

Name two rare white grapes found particularly in Thermenregion.

Rotgipfler and Zierfandler. Labelled as "Spatrot-Rotgipfler" if blended together.

164

What is the most common red grape in Carnuntum?

Zweigelt.

165

What are the DACs of Burgenland?

1. Neusiedlersee
2. Leithaberg
3. Rosalia
4. Mittelburgenland
5. Eisenberg

166

What is the climate in Burgenland?

Hot continental due to the Pannonian plain moderated by the lake Neusiedlersee.

167

What is the grape allowed in Mittelburgenland DAC?

Blaufrankisch - can be sold March 1st the year after the harvest with min 12.5% alc.
- Reserve - additional year of ageing and min 13% alc.

168

Which DAC allows both white and red wines?

Leithaberg DAC in Burgenland.
Gruner V., Chardonnay, Neuburger, Weissburgunder
Blends of min 85% Blaufrankisch for reds

169

What is the grape allowed in Eisenberg DAC?

Blaufrankisch.

170

Give to synonyms for Blaufrankisch.

Kekfrankos (Hungary), Lemberger (Germany)

171

Name two other red grapes cultivated in Burgenland apart from Blaufrankisch.

Zweigelt, St. Laurent.

172

What is the grape used in Neusiedlersee DAC?

Zweigelt. The wines can be Classic or Reserve.

173

Which varieties and wines does Rosalia DAC allow? When did Rosalia become a DAC?

- Monovarietal reds from Zweigelt or Blaufrankisch with min 12% alc and max 4 g/l RS.
- rose wines made from one or more of the Qualitatswein grapes
- 2018 but wines can be released as DAC retroactively with the 2017 vintage

174

Where is Alois Kracher based and what is he famous for?

Village of Illmitz in Neusiedlersee, famous for Eiswein, BA and TBA wines.

175

What is the most planted grape in Styria?

Welshriesling.

176

Which variety performs very well in Sudsteiermark?

Sauvignon Blanc. Manfred Tement is a leading producers.

177

Which DAC within Weststeiermark existed for the 2017 vintage only?

Schilcherland DAC for racy roses from Blauer Wildbacher grape. Got absorbed by Weststeiermark DAC in 2018.

178

Which varieties perform well in Vulkanland Steiermark DAC?

Weissburgunder and Traminer.

179

Name one DAC in Vienna.

Gemischter Satz DAC
- made from minimum 3 grapes
- no grape can account for more than 50%
- each variety must make up at least 10%
- min 12.5 % for single vineyards
- single vineyards releasedonly after 1st March next year

180

What does "heuriger" mean in Austria?

Term associated to Gemischter Satz meaning a nouveau wine consumed in taverns.

181

What is "Sturm"?

Fresh, half fermented sparkling grape juice usually accompanying harvest meals.

182

What is the most cultivated white grape in Switzerland?

Chasselas.

183

What is the synonym for Sylvaner in Valais, Switzerland?

Johannisberg.

184

Which are the most important 3 red grapes in Switzerland?

Pinot Noir, Gamay and Merlot.

185

What are the climatic characteristics in Valais?

- located along the banks of the Rhone river
- sheltered by the Apls -> driest region in Switzerland
- ample sun exposure
- the dry wind Foehn that accelerates the maturation

186

What is the synonym for Chasselas in Valais?

Fendant.

187

What is Dole?

A blend of Pinot Noir and Gamay, specialty of Valais in Switzerland.
- min 85% combined PN and Gamay + Garanoir, Gamaret, Ancellotta, Diolinoir, Carminoir, Merlot, Syrah

188

How is Pinot Gris known in Valais?

Malvoisie.

189

Give 2 synonyms for Savagnin Blanc in Valais, Switzerland.

Paien or Heida.

190

What is Vin des Glacier? Or Gletscherwein?

It is a rare speciality from the Valais canton in Switzerland. Initially made from the Reze grape, today can be made from many grapes (Malvoisie, Ermitage, Petite Arvine, Fendant and Humagne Blanc). Is a multi-vintage blend similar to a solera system.

191

Where can we find the Vaud canton?

North shores of lake Geneva, bordering France's Jura region.

192

How is Chasselas locally known in Vaud?

Dorin

193

What are the 6 regional AOCs in Vaud?

1. Chablais
2. La Cote
3. Lavaux
4. Vully
5. Bonvillars
6. Cotes de l'Orbe

194

How is Muller-Thurgau called in Switzerland?

Riesling-Sylvaner.

195

What are the grand cru AOC of Vaud?

Dezaley and Calamin.

196

What are the most important wine producing cantons in Switzerland?

1. Geneva
2. Neuchatel
3. Ticino
4. Valais
5. Vaud

197

Regional AOCs in Neuchatel?

Entre-deux-Lacs and La Beroche.

198

What is Oeil-de-Perdrix?

A refined and fruity rose made from Pinot Noir in Neuchatel.

199

What are the DOC quality wines of Ticino?

Bianco del Ticino
Rosato del Ticino (Saignee method)
Rosso del Ticino

200

What is "Grotto"?

Wine consumed in the Ticino pubs.

201

What are the sub-regions of Ticino? Give 2 wine districts in each.

1. Sopraceneri (above, north of Monte Ceneri)
- Gordola
- Bellinzona
- Camorino
- Malzaglia

2. Sottoceneri (below, south of Monte Ceneri)
- Chiasso
- Morbio
- Inferiore
- Castel San Pietro
- Coldrerio
- Novazzano
- Stabio

202

What is the synonym for Marsanne in Valais?

Ermitage.

203

Name 3 Grand Cru of Valais.

1. Conthey
2. Chamoson
3. Fully
4. Leytron
5. Saillon
6. Saint-Leonard
7. Sierre
8. Ville de Sion
9. Vetroz

204

Give 3 synonyms for Chasselas.

Gutedel, Fendant, Dorin.