Greek Grammar 22 (Imperfect Indicative Tense) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Greek Grammar 22 (Imperfect Indicative Tense) Deck (17):
1

Identify the verb "ἔλεγες" and translate.

Imperfect Indicative Active 2nd sing. You were speaking, used to speak.

2

Identify the verb "ἔλεγε(ν)" and translate.

Imperfect Indicative Active 3rd sing. He/She was speaking, used to speak.

3

Identify the verb "ἐπορευόμην" and translate.

Imperfect Indicative Middle/Passive 1st sing. I was traveling

4

What was the original ending of the 2nd sing middle/passive? And how did it change?

It was originally -εσο. A sigma between 2 vowels (intervocalic sigma) drops, leaving εο. ε + ο contracts to ου.

5

Identify the verb "ἐπορεύετο" and translate.

Imperfect Indicative Middle/Passive 3rd sing. He/She was traveling

6

Identify the verb "ἔλεγον" (1) and translate.

Imperfect Indicative Active 1st sing. I was speaking, used to speak.

7

Identify the verb "ἐπορεύοντο" and translate.

Imperfect Indicative Middle/Passive 3rd plur. They were traveling

8

Identify the verb "ἐλέγομεν" and translate.

Imperfect Indicative Active 1st plur. We were speaking, used to speak.

9

Sometimes a stem that starts with "ε" will change into what?

The dipthong ει. As in εχω into ειχω.

10

When the stem begins with a "α or ε" vowel. What augment letter does it change into?

An η. It is called a temporal augment because temporarliy the α or ε will turn into an η to form the imperfect.

11

Identify the verb "ἐπορευόμεθα" and translate.

Imperfect Indicative Middle/Passive 1st plur. We were traveling

12

Identify the verb "ἐπορεύεσθε" and translate.

Imperfect Indicative Middle/Passive 2nd plur. You (pl.) were traveling

13

When the stem begins with a consonant. What augment letter goes before it?

An ε. It is called a syllabic augment because by adding the ε, we are adding a syllable.

14

Identify the verb "ἐπορεύου" and translate.

Imperfect Indicative Middle/Passive 2nd sing. You were traveling

15

Identify the verb "ἐλέγετε" and translate.

Imperfect Indicative Active 2nd plur. You (pl.) were speaking, used to speak.

16

When the stem begins with a "ο" vowel augment, what letter does it change into?

An ω. It is called a temporal augment because temporarliy the ο will turn into an ω to form the imperfect.

17

Identify the verb "ἔλεγον" (3) and translate.

Imperfect Indicative Active 3rd plur. They were speaking, used to speak.