Flashcards in IFAT #1 Deck (25):
What is human geography?
examining or explaining the spatial distribution of human features and activities, and impacts on the environment
What is Charles Grizner's definition of human geography?
What is where, why there, why care?
description, explanation, impacts
What is a mental map?
cognitive images representing a person's perceptions, feelings, memories, meanings, and knowledge of a location
What are some basic elements of mental maps?
paths, landmarks, nodes, districts, labels, text, drawings
What are sketch maps?
represents a person's mental map
simplified, distorted, incomplete
What are the weaknesses of sketch maps?
- too focused on nodes, routes, landmarks
- meanings and experiences
- interconnections of information
- underlying creation process
What is space?
areal extent, usually the Earth's surface
What is a location?
a particular position within space
What is a place?
a location with a particular meaning or identity
What is a region?
a larger area encompassing many places
What is distance?
space between 2 things
What is Tobin's Law?
everything is related to everything else. but close things are more related than distant things
Describe the Distance-Decay Curve.
number of interactions decrease as distance increases
What is the difference between latitude and longitude?
latitude - N or S of Equator
longitude - E or W of Prime Meridian
What is friction?
difficulty of task, causes increased need for effort/resources to overcome distance
What is GPS?
global positioning system, uses receivers in phones and satellites orbiting the Earth
What is GIS?
modern day maps, powerful analysis techniques, layers of information
What is the difference between Raster data and Vector data?
raster - grid
vector - points + lines = polygons
What is culture?
- particular way of life
- shared set of values (mentifacts)
- shared social norms (sociofacts)
- material and symbolic practices of everyday life (artifacts)
- characteristic activities
What is the acronym for the components of culture?
Should (shared values)
Share (shared social norms)
What is cultural geography?
how place/space/environment shapes culture, and vice versa
What is cultural landscape?
fashioned from a natural landscape by a cultural group and their activities
What leads to cultural landscape?
Natural Processes (climate) = Natural Environment (land)
Natural Environment (land) + Cultural Processes (activities) = Cultural Landscape (buildings)
What are semiotics?
signs displayed in space that give off messages about identity, values, beliefs, and practices