IFAT #1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in IFAT #1 Deck (25):
1

What is human geography?

examining or explaining the spatial distribution of human features and activities, and impacts on the environment

2

What is Charles Grizner's definition of human geography?

What is where, why there, why care?
description, explanation, impacts

3

What is a mental map?

cognitive images representing a person's perceptions, feelings, memories, meanings, and knowledge of a location

4

What are some basic elements of mental maps?

paths, landmarks, nodes, districts, labels, text, drawings

5

What are sketch maps?

represents a person's mental map

simplified, distorted, incomplete

6

What are the weaknesses of sketch maps?

- too focused on nodes, routes, landmarks

poorly captures:
- meanings and experiences
- interconnections of information
- underlying creation process

7

What is space?

areal extent, usually the Earth's surface

8

What is a location?

a particular position within space

9

What is a place?

a location with a particular meaning or identity

10

What is a region?

a larger area encompassing many places

11

What is distance?

space between 2 things

12

What is Tobin's Law?

everything is related to everything else. but close things are more related than distant things

13

Describe the Distance-Decay Curve.

number of interactions decrease as distance increases

14

What is the difference between latitude and longitude?

latitude - N or S of Equator

longitude - E or W of Prime Meridian

15

What is friction?

difficulty of task, causes increased need for effort/resources to overcome distance

16

What is GPS?

global positioning system, uses receivers in phones and satellites orbiting the Earth

17

What is GIS?

modern day maps, powerful analysis techniques, layers of information

18

What is the difference between Raster data and Vector data?

raster - grid

vector - points + lines = polygons

19

What is culture?

- particular way of life
- shared set of values (mentifacts)
- shared social norms (sociofacts)
- material and symbolic practices of everyday life (artifacts)
- characteristic activities

20

What is the acronym for the components of culture?

Penguins (particular)
Should (shared values)
Share (shared social norms)
Metal (material)
Crayons (characteristic)

21

What is cultural geography?

how place/space/environment shapes culture, and vice versa

22

What is cultural landscape?

fashioned from a natural landscape by a cultural group and their activities

23

What leads to cultural landscape?

Natural Processes (climate) = Natural Environment (land)
Natural Environment (land) + Cultural Processes (activities) = Cultural Landscape (buildings)

24

What are semiotics?

signs displayed in space that give off messages about identity, values, beliefs, and practices

25

What is religion?

relatively structured set of beliefs and practices through which people seek mental and physical harmony with the powers of the universe