Flashcards in Imperial Policy & Colonial Society Deck (40):
England's main economic philosophy during the colonial period, in which the government must strictly regulate the economy to protect industry and promote England's prosperity.
This term referred to the differences and interests of each region in the North American colonies: North, South, West.
Economic philosophy that required colonies to provide raw materials for British industries and then have the colonies purchase the finish product.
This was an aspect of Mercantilism, in which a listed number of colonial products could only be shipped to England.
The Mercantilist system led to the American colonial economy to become subordinate to that of which mother country?
What effect did the Navigation Acts have on the colonies?
A mercantile policy in which the colonies could only trade with England and restricted trade to using colonial made or English ships. This policy created resentment in the American colonies.
This Navigation Act forbade the production of woolen cloth for export from the colonies.
Woolens Act (1699)
This Navigation Act prohibited the manufacture of hats from the colonies
Hat Act (1732)
This Navigation Act taxed non-English sugar, rum, and molasses imported into North America.
Molasses Act (1733)
This Navigation Act prohibited certain types of iron manufacturing in the colonies.
Iron Act (1750)
This was an attempt by King James II to place the New England colonies under his direct control for violating the Navigation Acts.
Dominion of New England (1686)
This is another term for the Atlantic trade system in which slaves and gold from Africa; sugar, molasses, lumber and rum from the West Indies and the colonies; and manufactured goods form Europe were to be traded, one for the other.
This tied together the economies of Europe, the Americas, and Africa and brought slaves to America.
Triangular Trade or Atlantic Trade System
This term referred to the self-government in the American colonies where British polices were more conceded with defending territory and strengthening the British economy and trade. Political affairs not a priority during this time.
Bi-cameral legislatures, town meetings, courts, laws, no standing armies, landowners could vote, no British troops, and governors were a puppet of the king are all characteristics of what?
Under the colonial bi-cameral legislature, who represented the Lower House?
Colonists elected by eligible voters
Under the colonial bi-cameral legislature, who represented the Upper House?
Colonists appointed by the king
Immigrants in the American colonies came from England, Scotland, Wales, and Ireland. Immigrants also consisted of Germans, Scots-Irish, Huguenots, Dutch, and Swedes. Where did these colonials emigrate from?
What did these things create: Dominance of English Culture,Self-Government,Religious toleration,No hereditary aristocracy, Social Mobility
Structure of Colonial Society
Which colonies economy centered on tobacco, rice, and indigo?
Which colonies economy centered on wheat and corn.
Which colonies economy centered on lumber, shipbuilding, fishing, trading, and rum?
New England Colonies
This movement became the philosophical foundation for the American Revolution. This philosophy stressed that human reason could improve society.
This Enlightenment thinker wrote Two Treaties of Government, which reasoned that people had the right to overthrow a government that failed to protect their rights.
Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness are in which U.S. document?
Declaration of Independence
Many Enlightenment thinkers and founding fathers believed that God created the universe, but allowed it to operate through the laws of nature. Natural laws could be discovered by the use of human reason.
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence and stressed John Locke's idea of natural rights.
Yale, Harvard, Brown, Dartmouth, Princeton, and Rutgers were founded for what purpose?
This preacher gave many sermons and argued that God was angry at human sinfulness. His famous sermon was "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God," which was about the terrors of hell and damnation.
Between the 1730s-1740s, a wave of religious revivals spread across the American colonies. Preachers gave sermons to frighten and challenged religious authorities, which reinforced questioning political authority.
The FIrst Great Awakening
These established clergy (preachers) were against the First Great Awakening.
These ministers (preachers) advocated an emotional approach to religious practice, which weakened the authority of the Old Light minsters and established churches.
This Evangelical preacher from England helped spread the flames of religious revivalism in colonial America. He preached about hellish torments of those who do not believe.
First notable American poet and first woman published in colonial America.
Published African American poet noteworthy for her triumph over slavery.
Who wrote Poor Richard's Almanack, which consisted of sayings about thriftiness, industry, morality, and common sense.
These two characteristics describe women in colonial America.
Lost control of her property when married and she had no separate legal identity apart from her husband.
Governors in colonial America were generally seen as a puppet for whom?
The English King