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Flashcards in Imperial Policy & Colonial Society Deck (40):
1

England's main economic philosophy during the colonial period, in which the government must strictly regulate the economy to protect industry and promote England's prosperity.

Mercantilism

2

This term referred to the differences and interests of each region in the North American colonies: North, South, West.

Sectionalism

3

Economic philosophy that required colonies to provide raw materials for British industries and then have the colonies purchase the finish product.

Mercantilism

4

This was an aspect of Mercantilism, in which a listed number of colonial products could only be shipped to England.

Navigation Acts

5

The Mercantilist system led to the American colonial economy to become subordinate to that of which mother country?

England

6

What effect did the Navigation Acts have on the colonies?

Restricted trade

7

A mercantile policy in which the colonies could only trade with England and restricted trade to using colonial made or English ships. This policy created resentment in the American colonies.

Navigation Acts

8

This Navigation Act forbade the production of woolen cloth for export from the colonies.

Woolens Act (1699)

9

This Navigation Act prohibited the manufacture of hats from the colonies

Hat Act (1732)

10

This Navigation Act taxed non-English sugar, rum, and molasses imported into North America.

Molasses Act (1733)

11

This Navigation Act prohibited certain types of iron manufacturing in the colonies.

Iron Act (1750)

12

This was an attempt by King James II to place the New England colonies under his direct control for violating the Navigation Acts.

Dominion of New England (1686)

13

This is another term for the Atlantic trade system in which slaves and gold from Africa; sugar, molasses, lumber and rum from the West Indies and the colonies; and manufactured goods form Europe were to be traded, one for the other.

Triangular Trade

14

This tied together the economies of Europe, the Americas, and Africa and brought slaves to America.

Triangular Trade or Atlantic Trade System

15

This term referred to the self-government in the American colonies where British polices were more conceded with defending territory and strengthening the British economy and trade. Political affairs not a priority during this time.

Salutary Neglect

16

Bi-cameral legislatures, town meetings, courts, laws, no standing armies, landowners could vote, no British troops, and governors were a puppet of the king are all characteristics of what?

Colonial Governments

17

Under the colonial bi-cameral legislature, who represented the Lower House?

Colonists elected by eligible voters

18

Under the colonial bi-cameral legislature, who represented the Upper House?

Colonists appointed by the king

19

Immigrants in the American colonies came from England, Scotland, Wales, and Ireland. Immigrants also consisted of Germans, Scots-Irish, Huguenots, Dutch, and Swedes. Where did these colonials emigrate from?

Northwestern Europe

20

What did these things create: Dominance of English Culture,Self-Government,Religious toleration,No hereditary aristocracy, Social Mobility

Structure of Colonial Society

21

Which colonies economy centered on tobacco, rice, and indigo?

Southern Colonies

22

Which colonies economy centered on wheat and corn.

Middle Colonies

23

Which colonies economy centered on lumber, shipbuilding, fishing, trading, and rum?

New England Colonies

24

This movement became the philosophical foundation for the American Revolution. This philosophy stressed that human reason could improve society.

The Enlightenment

25

This Enlightenment thinker wrote Two Treaties of Government, which reasoned that people had the right to overthrow a government that failed to protect their rights.

John Locke

26

Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness are in which U.S. document?

Declaration of Independence

27

Many Enlightenment thinkers and founding fathers believed that God created the universe, but allowed it to operate through the laws of nature. Natural laws could be discovered by the use of human reason.

Deism

28

Who wrote the Declaration of Independence and stressed John Locke's idea of natural rights.

Thomas Jefferson

29

Yale, Harvard, Brown, Dartmouth, Princeton, and Rutgers were founded for what purpose?

Train ministers

30

This preacher gave many sermons and argued that God was angry at human sinfulness. His famous sermon was "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God," which was about the terrors of hell and damnation.

Jonathan Edwards

31

Between the 1730s-1740s, a wave of religious revivals spread across the American colonies. Preachers gave sermons to frighten and challenged religious authorities, which reinforced questioning political authority.

The FIrst Great Awakening

32

These established clergy (preachers) were against the First Great Awakening.

Old Lights

33

These ministers (preachers) advocated an emotional approach to religious practice, which weakened the authority of the Old Light minsters and established churches.

New Lights

34

This Evangelical preacher from England helped spread the flames of religious revivalism in colonial America. He preached about hellish torments of those who do not believe.

George Whitefield

35

First notable American poet and first woman published in colonial America.

Anne Bradstreet

36

Published African American poet noteworthy for her triumph over slavery.

Phillis Wheatley

37

Who wrote Poor Richard's Almanack, which consisted of sayings about thriftiness, industry, morality, and common sense.

Benjamin Franklin

38

These two characteristics describe women in colonial America.

Lost control of her property when married and she had no separate legal identity apart from her husband.

39

Governors in colonial America were generally seen as a puppet for whom?

The English King

40

Salutary Neglect officially ended in the colonies in 1763 at the end of which war?

French and Indian War