L'Aquila Earthquake, 2009 Italy (HIC) # Flashcards

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1
Q

How many people died in the L’Aquila earthquake?

A

308

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2
Q

How many people were injured in the L’Aquila earthquake?

A

1,500

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3
Q

When was the L’Aquila earthquake?

A

6 April 2009

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4
Q

What was the L’Aquila earthquake on the Richter scale?

A

6.3

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5
Q

Where was the L’Aquila earthquake?

A

region of Abruzzo, in central Italy.

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6
Q

What was the type of plate boundary of the L’Aquila earthquake?

A

Destructive plate boundary - African plate subducts beneath the Eurasian plate.

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7
Q

What were the primary effects of the L’Aquila earthquake?

A
  • 308 people were killed
  • 1,500 people were injured
  • 67,000 people were homeless
  • 10,000 - 15,000 buildings collapsed.
  • 11 billion dollar damage
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8
Q

What were the secondary effects of the L’Aquila earthquake?

A
  • Lack of housing for all residents meant an increase in house prices and rents.
  • aftershocks triggering landslides and rockfall, causing damage to housing and transport.
  • A landslide and mudflow were caused by a burst main water supply pipeline.
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9
Q

What were the immediate responses of the L’Aquila earthquake?

A
  • 10,000 people sheltered in hotels.
  • 40,000 tents were given out.
  • Italian Red Cross was searching for survivors supported by seven dog units, 36 ambulances, and a temporary hospital within an hour. - the Red Cross distributed water, hot meals, tents and blankets.
  • The British Red Cross raised £171,000 in support.
  • The Italian Post Office offered free mobile calls.
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10
Q

What were the long-term responses of the L’Aquila earthquake?

A
  • Residents did not have to pay taxes during 2010.
  • Students were given free public transport.
  • Students were exempt from university fees for three years.
  • Homes took several years to rebuild.
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11
Q

What was the GDP per capita of L’Aquila, Italy?

A

32,800 us dollars (2015)

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