Language Contact & Language Change Flashcards Preview

Sociolinguistics > Language Contact & Language Change > Flashcards

Flashcards in Language Contact & Language Change Deck (43):
1

Diachronic change

Change across time

2

Synchronic change

Change at a given time.

3

Change in progress

Something that is possible to observe in language.

4

Language contact

When two languages come into contact with each other.

5

Intensity of contact

The amount of exposure people are to a different language.

6

Loan words

Borrowed words from another language

7

Language shift

.

8

Language change

.

9

Language death

.

10

Language maintenance

.

11

Shift without death

.

12

Death without shift

.

13

Gradual death

.

14

Sudden death

.

15

Radical death

.

16

‘Bottom-to-top” death

.

17

Pidgin

A language that is created by a need to communicate with a society that speaks a different language.

18

Creole

The later stage of a pidgin where children of the language creators adopt the language and it becomes a language of the family.

19

Basilect

.

20

Mesolect

.

21

Acrolect

.

22

Superstratum

The language that provides most of the vocabulary and lexical items in a pidgin.

23

Substratum

The language that provides most of the morphological and syntactical items in a pidgin.

24

Jargon phase

First stage of a pidgin.

25

Expanded Pidgen

3rd stage of a pidgin

26

Stable pidgin

2nd stage of a pidgin.

27

Plantation creole

A type of creole that comes from plantation pidgin.

28

Lexifer language

.

29

Lingua Franca

Language used in a community of multilinguals so everyone can communicate.

30

Diglossia

When more than one language exist in a society with hierarchical relationships

31

Ethnolect

Varieties of language used by a particular group with a different linguistic background.

32

African American English

An ethnolect

33

Vernacular

.

34

Intervocalic /r/

.

35

Shibboleth

Minimal pair in two varieties of a language

36

Dialectology

.

37

Diphthong

Two part vowel

38

Virtual speech community

English on the internet

39

H-variety

High valued language in diglossic society

40

L-variety

Low status variety in diglossic society.

41

Oberwart Study

.

42

Exogamy

.

43

Solidarity

.