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Flashcards in Lecture 4 Deck (26):
1

Vertical midline incisions are aka

Laparotomies

2

Suprapubic incisions are used for:

abdominal hysterectomy, LSCS

3

External obliques and internal obliques proximal attachment

Lower ribs

4

External obliques distal attachment

Iliac crest, pubic tubercle, linea alba

5

External oblique fibres run in the same direction as

External intercostal muscles (vice versa for internal)

6

Internal obliques distal attachment

Thoracolumbar fascia, iliac crest, linea alba

7

Attachments of transversus abdominis are the same as ?

Internal obliques

8

What muscles have tendinous intersections that divide them into smaller muscle sections?

Rectus abdominis (6 pack)

9

Where does the linea alba run from and to?

Xiphoid process to pubic tubercle

10

What is the rectus sheath

Combined aponeuroses of anterolateral abdominal wall muscles, surrounds the rectus abdominis

11

Name given to the 7th to 11th intercostal nerves

Thoracoabdominal nerves

12

Subcostal nerve root

T12

13

Ilioinguinal nerve root

L1

14

Iliohypogastric nerve root

L1

15

Nerves supplying the anterolateral body wall travel between which 2 muscles?

Internal oblique and transversus abdominis

16

Superior epigastric arteries branch from

The internal thoracic artery

17

Inferior epigastric arteries branch from

The external iliac artery

18

Blood supply to ANTERIOR abdominal wall

Superior and inferior epigastric arteries

19

Blood supply to LATERAL abdominal wall

Intercostal and subcostal arteries

20

Intercostal and subcostal arteries branch from

Posterior intercostal arteries

21

Where do epigastric arteries lies relative to rectus abdominis

Posteriorly

22

What happens to the rectus abdominis muscles in a LCSC incision?

They are separated

23

What kind of laparoscopic incisions are there?

Subumbilical incision, lateral ports

24

When making a lateral port incision, what structure do you need to be wary of?

Inferior epigastric arteries

25

Path of the inferior epigastric arteries

Emerges just medial to the deep inguinal ring then travels superomedially

26

The ureter ? when touched

Vermiculates