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Flashcards in Lesson 15 Deck (57):
1

What is the imperfect tense in Spanish?

The imperfect tense describes an action that could have occurred more than once over a span of time, with no specific beginning or ending.  Examples:

  • An unspecified amount of time --> De joven, quería un carro, "When I was young, I wanted a car"
  • An indefinite number of occurrences, such as a habit or custom --> Desayunaba todos los días con mi hermano, "I used to eat breakfast every day with my brother"

2

I used to walk to school every day

Yo caminaba a la escuela todos los días

I used to walk - caminaba. Note that -ar verbs in the imperfect tense first person singular (yo) end in -aba

3

Did you used to walk to Pepe's house every night?

¿Caminabas a la casa de Pepe todas las noches?

you used to walk - caminabas

4

Marta used to walk every weekend until she hurt her leg

Marta caminaba todos los fines de semana hasta que se lastimó la pierna

he/she used to walk - caminaba

5

We used to walk alone every day

Caminábamos solos todos los días

we used to walk - caminábamos

6

You (vosotros) used to walk down this road every day

Vosotros caminabais por esta calle todos los días

you (vosotros) used to walk - caminabais

6

Raúl and Rodrigo were walking on the street when I came out of my house

Raúl y Rodrigo estaban caminando en la calle cuando yo salí de mi casa

was/were + __ing - estar (imperfect) + participle. This combination is known as the imperfect progressive tense

7

Esteban didn't realize that I was bathing when he entered the bathroom

Esteban no se dió cuenta de que me estaba bañando cuando él entró en el baño

to realize, to notice - darse cuenta (de). This literally means "to give oneself count of"

8

TO WALK (Imperfect)

  • I used to walk
  • You used to walk
  • He/She used to walk
  • We used to walk
  • You used to walk
  • They used to walk

CAMINAR (Tiempo Imperfecto)

  • Yo caminaba
  • Tú caminabas
  • Él/Ella/Ud caminaba
  • Nosotros caminábamos
  • Vosotros caminabais
  • Ellos/Ellas/Uds caminaban

9

What are the endings of regular -ar verbs (such as caminar) conjugated in the Imperfect Tense?

Regular Imperfect -ar endings

  • -aba (yo)
  • -abas (tú)
  • -aba (él/ella/ud)
  • -ábamos (nosotros)
  • -abais (vosotros)
  • -aban (ellos/ellas/uds)

10

I used to eat with my grandparents every weekend

Comía con mis abuelos todos los fines de semana

I used to eat - comíaComer is a regular -er verb in the imperfect

11

You used to eat chicken with rice every Tuesday afternoon

Comías pollo con arroz todos los martes por la tarde

you used to eat - comías

12

When Miguel was young, he used to eat an apple for lunch every day

De joven, Miguel comía una manzana de almuerzo todos los días

he/she used to eat - comía

13

As kids, we didn't used to eat vegetables. We only used to eat fruits

De niños, no comíamos verduras. Sólo comíamos frutas

we used to eat - comíamos

14

Rosa and Paloma used to eat together every day

Rosa y Paloma comían juntas todos los días

they used to eat - comían

15

You (vosotros) used to eat chicken every Thursday

Vosotros comíais pollo todos los jueves

you (vosotros) used to eat - comíais

15

TO EAT (Imperfect)

  • I ate
  • You ate
  • He/She ate
  • We ate
  • You ate
  • They ate

COMER (Tiempo Imperfecto)

  • Yo comía
  • Tú comías
  • Él/Ella/Ud comía
  • Nosotros comíamos
  • Vosotros comíais
  • Ellos/Ellas/Uds comían

16

What are the endings of regular -er and -ir verbs (such as comer and sentir) conjugated in the Imperfect Tense?

Regular Imperfect -er and -ir endings

  • -ía (yo)
  • -ías (tú)
  • -ía (él/ella/ud)
  • -íamos (nosotros)
  • -íais (vosotros)
  • -ían (ellos/ellas/uds)

17

I feel sad when you don't talk to me

Yo me siento triste cuando tú no me hablas

to feel - sentir(se). Note that sentir(se) is conjugated like mentir in the present tense (e.g. "I feel" - Yo (me) siento)

18

When I used to walk with you, I used to feel very tired

Cuando caminaba contigo, me sentía muy cansada

I used to feel - me sentía

19

When I was with you, you used to feel happy

Cuando estaba contigo, te sentías feliz

you used to feel - te sentías

20

Your mother used to feel tired when you didn't help her clean

Tu madre se sentía cansada cuando no le ayudabas a limpiar

he/she used to feel - se sentía

21

We used to feel happy to go to your house every Wednesday

Nos sentíamos contentos de ir a tu casa todos los miércoles

we used to feel - nos sentíamos

22

You (vosotros) were feeling embarrassed; that's why you didn't come

Vosotros os sentíais avergonzados; por eso no vinisteis

you (vosotros) used to feel - sentíais.  Note that the conjugation "were feeling" is translated in Spanish by the imperfect

23

Do you know if they were feeling happy after she arrived?

¿Sabes si ellos se sentían contentos después de que ella llegó?

they used to feel - se sentían. Note the use of the imperfect se sentían in order to show how they were feeling and the preterite llegó to show one moment in time

24

TO FEEL (Imperfect)

  • I used to feel
  • You used to feel
  • He/She used to feel
  • We used to feel
  • You used to feel
  • They used to feel

SENTIR(SE) (Tiempo Imperfecto)

  • Yo (me) sentía
  • Tú (te) sentías
  • Él/Ella/Ud (se) sentía
  • Nosotros (nos) sentíamos
  • Vosotros (os) sentíais
  • Ellos/Ellas/Uds (se) sentían

Note that -ir verbs are conjugated the same as -er verbs in the preterite tense

25

When do you use the preterite and the imperfect tenses?

Preterite:

  • An action that occurred once as a single event
  • An action that occurred a limited number of times
  • An action that was contained witihin a specific time frame

Imperfect:

  • An action that was customary or habitual in the past
  • An action that was ongoing
  • An action that was contained within a broad time frame

 

26

That color is very pretty

Ese color es muy bonito

color - el color

27

My brother has brown hair, but I don't

Mi hermano tiene el cabello de color castaño, pero yo no

brown - marrón, castaño, café. Note that the use of these words depends on the region

28

I used to be very blonde as a child, but now I have brown hair

Yo era muy rubia de niña, pero ahora tengo el cabello de color castaño

I used to be - era. Note that ser is irregular in the imperfect tense

29

When you were young, you always used to do your homework

Cuando eras joven, siempre hacías tu tarea

you used to be - eras

30

José was not a happy boy because he always used to hurt himself

José no era un niño feliz porque siempre se lastimaba

he/she used to be - era

31

We used to be best friends. What happened?

Nosotros éramos mejores amigos. ¿Qué pasó?

we used to be - éramos

32

You (vosotros) used to be the most intelligent students in the class

Vosotros erais los estudiantes más inteligentes de la clase

you (vosotros) used to be - erais

33

Alejandro and Antonio used to be the worst students, but now they are the best ones

Alejandro y Antonio eran los peores estudiantes, pero ahora son los mejores

they used to be  - eran

34

We use to not have any money when we were poor students

No teníamos nada de dinero cuando éramos estudiantes pobres

money - el dinero

35

TO BE (Imperfect)

  • I used to be
  • You used to be
  • He/She used to be
  • We used to be
  • You used to be
  • They used to be

SER (Tiempo Imperfecto)

  • Yo era
  • eras
  • Él/Ella/Ud era
  • Nosotros éramos
  • Vosotros erais
  • Ellos/Ellas/Uds eran

Note that the conjugations for ser in the imperfect tense are irregular

36

I used to go to the supermarket with my grandmother every Saturday

Yo iba al supermercado con mi abuela todos los sábados

I used to go - iba. Remember that ir is irregular in the imperfect tense

37

Did you go to the movies a lot when you were a kid?

¿Ibas mucho al cine cuando eras niño?

you used to go - ibas

38

Rosario used to go to the museum all the time

Rosario iba al museo todo el tiempo

he/she used to go - iba

39

When we had time, we used to go to your house

Cuando teníamos tiempo, íbamos a tu casa

we used to go - íbamos

40

Every time you would go to school, I would go to work

Cada vez que tú ibas al colegio, yo iba a trabajar

every time, each time - cada vez

41

How often do you exercise?

¿Cada cuánto haces ejercicio?

to exercise - hacer ejercicio. Note that cada cuánto means "how often"

42

I exercise every other day

Hago ejercicio cada dos días

every other - cada dos. One may also say un día de por medio. *Cada otro* is wrong

43

The rest of the students went to the museum

Los demás de los estudiantes fueron al museo

the rest of the - los demás de

44

Are you going to eat the rest of the chicken too?

¿Te vas a comer el resto del pollo también?

the rest - el resto. Note that comer often takes reflexive pronouns (e.g. nos comemos la ensalada, él se come la manzana, etc.), although it is not obligatory

45

Both sisters were teachers at this school

Ambas hermanas fueron maestras en esta escuela

both - los dos, ambos

46

Each time that you (vosotros) went to the library, I was already returning from there

Cada vez que vosotros ibais a la biblioteca, yo ya estaba regresando de allí

you (vosotros) used to go - ibais

47

They used to go to the museum each time that they had art homework

Ellos iban al museo cada vez que tenían tarea de arte

they used to go - iban

48

TO GO (Imperfect)

  • I used to go
  • You used to go
  • He/She used to go
  • We used to go
  • You used to go
  • They used to go

IR (Tiempo Imperfecto)

  • Yo iba
  • ibas
  • Él/Ella/Ud iba
  • Nosotros íbamos
  • Vosotros ibais
  • Ellos/Ellas/Uds iban

Remember that the conjugations for ir in the imperfect tense are irregular

49

I already finished my homework

Ya acabé mi tarea

to finish - acabar. Terminar and acabar can be used synonymously in certain cases (e.g., when describing someone finishing an activity)

50

We had just arrived when my mom called

Acabábamos de llegar cuando llamó mi mamá

Note that conjugating acabar in the imperfect tense allows us to indicate that something "had just" happened

51

What is the imperfect progressive tense in Spanish?

The imperfect progressive is the Spanish equivalent of "was __-ing".  Like the present progressive (e.g. está estudiando), the imperfect progressive (e.g. estaba estudiando) is comprised of estar conjugated in the imperfect and a present participle:

  • Estábamos escuchando el radio -  "We were listening to the radio."

52

  • Yo lo conocía
  • Yo lo conocí

  • Lo conocía means "I used to know him"
  • Lo conocí means "I met him"

 

53

  • Yo sabía la respuesta  
  • Yo supe la respuesta

  • Sabía means "I knew"
  • Supe is closer to "I found out"

54

  • Yo tenía mucho dinero
  • Yo tuve mucho dinero

  • Tenía mucho dinero means "I used to have a lot of money"
  • Tuve mucho dinero means "I had a lot of money" or "I got a lot of money"

55

We just finished cooking

Acabamos de cocinar

to have just - acabar de.