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Flashcards in Lesson 6 Deck (108):
1

My family is very big

Mi familia es muy grande

family - la familia

2

My father is working upstairs

Mi padre está trabajando arriba 

father - el padre, el papá. Note that papá translates as "dad" and is a more affectionate way of saying padre

3

My parents don't speak Spanish

Mis padres no hablan español

Note that mi becomes mis when the noun being modified (e.g. "parents") is plural

4

Your dad is angry with you because you do not study

Tu papá está enojado contigo porque tú no estudias  

your - tu. Note that in the possessive, tu does not have an accent mark, although it is pronounced exactly the same as ("you") 

5

 What is the difference between the words and tu?

  • is the second person singular pronoun "you"
  • Tu is the second person singular possessive adjective "your"

6

Does your mother speak English?

¿Habla tu madre inglés?

Note that Spanish does not have an equivalent helping verb to the English word "do". Instead, we simply begin the question with the conjugated verb, and place the subject directly after it

7

Your brother is studying art at the university

Tu hermano está estudiando arte en la universidad

brother - el hermano

8

My sister is a mathematics student at a university in Spain

Mi hermana es una estudiante de matemáticas en una universidad en España 

sister - la hermana

9

Your (ud) brother is right there, in front of my tall sister

Su hermano está allí, en frente de mi hermana alta

Your (ud) - su

10

My son is going to school with your (ud) son

Mi hijo está yendo a la escuela con su hijo

son - el hijo

11

Your (ud) daughter is bored from so much studying

Su hija está aburrida de tanto estudiar

daughter - la hija

12

My dad is a doctor

Mi papá es médico

doctor - el médico.  Note that in Spanish the indefinite article is not used after ser  when the noun is not modified. However, "My dad is an old doctor" would be Mi papá es un médico viejo

13

His mother is not American; she is from México

Su madre no es americana; es de México

his, her - su. Note that both usted and él / ella pronouns take the possessive form su

14

Her husband is a teacher; therefore he is busy teaching his students

Su esposo es maestro; entonces está ocupado enseñando a sus estudiantes

 husband - el esposo, el marido. Note that the possessive adjective su becomes plural (sus) when the noun it modifies is plural

15

My wife is very good-looking

Mi esposa es muy guapa

wife - la esposa

16

Come on, it's not hard

Vaya, no es difícil

come on - vaya

17

Your sisters are running

Tus hermanas están corriendo

Remember that possessive adjectives always agree in number with the noun that they describe. Tu hermana becomes Tus hermanas

18

Our house is way over there

Nuestra casa está allá

our - nuestro. Note that nuestro(a) agrees in both number and gender with the noun that it describes, not with the speaker's number or gender

19

There are a lot of students in this classroom

Hay muchos estudiantes en esta clase

there is, there are - hay. Note that hay is the third person "impersonal" conjugation of the auxiliary verb haber, which we will learn more about later

20

Our uncles are reading some very good books

Nuestros tíos están leyendo unos libros muy buenos

uncle - el tío

21

Our aunts are angry because we do not go to college

Nuestras tías están enojadas porque no vamos a la universidad

aunt - la tía

22

Your cousin (f.) is our friend

Tu prima es nuestra amiga

cousin - el primo, la prima

23

The house over there is your (vosotros) house, right?

La casa allá es vuestra casa, ¿verdad?

your (de vosotros) - vuestro. Note that like nuestro(a), vuestro(a) also agrees with the noun that it describes in number and gender

24

Is your grandfather sick?

¿Está enfermo tu abuelo?

grandfather- el abuelo

25

Is it true that your grandmothers are writing letters from Spain?

¿Es verdad que tus abuelas están escribiendo cartas de España?

grandmother - la abuela

26

Your (ud) grandson is a student that is learning a lot

Su nieto es un estudiante que está aprendiendo mucho

grandson - el nieto

27

Is your (ud) granddaughter a student at the university?

¿Su nieta es estudiante en la universidad?

granddaughter - la nieta

28

Your brother is writing his essays

Su hermano está escribiendo sus ensayos 

your (ellos) - su. Note that the same possessive pronoun su is used for él, ella, ud., ellos, ellas, and uds. It must always agree with the number of the noun it modifies: su ensayo becomes sus ensayos

29

Their (ustedes) nephews are here in the United States

Sus sobrinos están aquí en los Estados Unidos

nephew - el sobrino

30

Our nieces are sick so they are at home

Nuestras sobrinas están enfermas entonces están en casa

niece - la sobrina

31

Their boyfriends are going to Mexico

Sus novios están yendo a México

boyfriend - el novio

32

 Is your girlfriend a student here?

¿Es tu novia una estudiante aquí?

girlfriend - la novia

33

When are you going to your grandmother's house?

¿Cuándo vas a la casa de tu abuela?

when? - ¿cuándo?

34

When I work, I do not talk to my friends

Cuando trabajo, no hablo con mis amigos

when - cuando. Note that cuándo is used to form a question while cuando is a subordinating conjunction

35

When is your birthday?

¿Cuándo es tu cumpleaños?

birthday - el cumpleaños

36

María eats a lot, but she does not eat everything

María come mucho, pero no come todo

but - pero

37

I am blond, but my sister is not blond

Soy rubio, pero mi hermana no es rubia

blond - rubio

38

Your sisters are blond and white

Tus hermanas son rubias y blancas

white - blanco

39

Three of my brothers are dark-skinned and two are white

Tres de mis hermanos son morenos y dos son blancos

dark-skinned - moreno

40

I think that my cousins are very ugly

Creo que mis primos son muy feos

ugly - feo

41

Your brothers are very strong, but you are not strong

Tus hermanos son muy fuertes, pero tú no eres fuerte

strong - fuerte. Note that fuerte does not vary according to gender, only according to number

42

Are your aunts blonde, tall, and thin?

¿Son tus tías rubias, altas y delgadas?

thin - delgado, flaco. Note that delgado is more neutral, whereas flaco can mean very skinny

43

My brothers are very small

Mis hermanos son muy pequeños

small, little - pequeño

44

All of my uncles are young

Todos mis tíos son jóvenes

young - joven.  Note that some words are written with an accent only in the plural, in order to keep the spoken emphasis on the right syllable

45

Is your grandmother very old?

¿Es muy vieja tu abuela?

old (elderly) - viejo. Note that viejo can also be used to describe objects

46

He is my old friend

Él es mi viejo amigo

old (long-time) - viejo.  If viejo is used before the noun, it means "long-time" (e.g. "an old friend"). If used after the noun, it means "elderly"

47

My aunt is single

Mi tía es soltera

single - soltero. Note that in Spanish you must use ser + soltero, rather than estar.

48

My uncle Rafa is not single, but his sister is single

Mi tío Rafa no es soltero, pero su hermana es soltera

Note that is commonly used to reaffirm or emphasize a statement or fact

49

My cousin isn't married; she's single

Mi prima no está casada; es soltera.

married - casado. Note that although most Spanish-speakers will say está casado, some say es casado

50

Are you going to see your friends?

¿Vas a ver a tus amigos?

Note the use of the word a where in the English translation there is no preposition. In Spanish, when the direct object of a verb is a person, you must use the "personal a"

51

My cousin is recently married

Mi prima está recién casada

recently - recién. This is the shortened form of recientemente and is more common when used before a past participle

52

Marcos is my only cousin

Marcos es mi único primo

the only - el único. If único is used before the noun, it means "the only." If used after the noun, it means "unique"

53

It is a unique book

Es un libro único

unique - único. If único is used before the noun, it means "the only." If used after the noun, it means "unique"

54

Certain students do not want to study. Right, Jimena and Ricardo?

Ciertos estudiantes no quieren estudiar. ¿Verdad, Jimena y Ricardo?

certain - cierto. If cierto is used before a noun, it means "certain." Otherwise, it means "sure" or "definite."

55

It isn't true that Miguel is Sara's cousin?

¿No es cierto que Miguel es primo de Sara?

true - cierto. We can also use the word verdadero to mean "true", derived from the word verdad ("truth")

56

Your cousin Marta is older than my oldest brother

Tu prima Marta es mayor que mi hermano mayor

older - mayor. Note that mayor is used to compare ages and can mean both "older" and "oldest"

57

His father is younger than my youngest uncle

Su papá es menor que mi tío menor

younger, youngest - menor

58

My brother's wedding is in eight days

La boda de mi hermano es en ocho días

wedding - la boda

59

My sister's baby is my niece

La bebé de mi hermana es mi sobrina

baby - el/la bebé. Note that the word bebé does not change according to gender, but the article used with it (el or la) does change

60

The books are mine

Los libros son míos

mine - mío. Note that possessive pronouns agree in number and in gender with the object possessed, not with the number and gender of the subject or owner

61

Is it (the pen) yours?

Es tuyo (el bolígrafo)? OR Es tuya (la pluma)?

yours - tuyo. Note that although the possessive pronoun replaces the noun possessed, the noun can be repeated for emphasis or to clarify which object you are speaking about

62

They are not my essays; are they his?

No son mis ensayos; ¿son suyos?

his, hers, yours (de ud), theirs - suyo

63

It is not Roberto's car; is it yours (ud)?

No es el carro de Roberto; ¿es suyo?

car - el carro, el coche

64

They are our houses. They are ours

Son nuestras casas. Son nuestras

ours - nuestro. Note that in the first sentence, nuestras is used as a possessive adjective, while in the second sentence, nuestras is used as a possessive pronoun.

65

They are not your shoes, they are mine

No son tus zapatos, son míos

shoe - el zapato

66

They are not our teachers; they are yours (vosotros)

No son nuestros maestros, son vuestros

yours (vosotros) - vuestro

67

The photos are theirs

Las fotos son suyas

theirs - suyo. Remember that "theirs", "his", "hers" , "yours (Ud)", and "yours (plural)" all take the same possessive pronoun suyo. The antecedent is usually clear due to the context of the sentence

68

The chairs that are over there are not yours (uds)

Las sillas que están allá no son suyas

yours (uds) - suyo. If we want to specify "yours" to eliminate ambiguity, we can say No son de Ud.

69

They are not my computers; they are his

No son mis computadoras; son suyas

computer - la computadora, el computador, el ordenador. Note that la computadora or el computador are used in Latin America, whereas el ordenador is used in Spain

70

Each computer is new

Cada ordenador es nuevo

each - cada

71

Fernando and Elena are going to type their essays

Fernando y Elena van a escribir sus ensayos a máquina

to type - escribir a máquina. (Máquina literally means "machine")

72

Whose house is it?

¿De quién es la casa?

whose - ¿De quién?

73

Whose idea is it?

It is mine!

¿De quién es la idea?

¡Es mía!

idea - la idea

74

It is your phone. It is yours

Es tu teléfono. Es tuyo

phone - el teléfono

75

to have

tener

to have - tener. Note that tener is an irregular stem-changing verb

76

I have six cousins that live in Madrid

Tengo seis primas que viven en Madrid

I have - tengo

77

You have five art classes in the building that is over there

Tú tienes cinco clases de arte en el edificio que está allá

you have - tienes. Note that the stem of tener changes from e to ie when making this verb form. Many other verbs change their stem in the present tense for you, he/she, and they/you all, as we will see

78

I am very hungry

Tengo mucha hambre

hunger - el hambre (fem.). Notice that in Spanish you literally say "to have hunger". This construction is also used for other conditions as you will see later. Also notice that hambre is feminine but takes a masculine article for phonetic reasons

79

She is not hungry because she is eating

Ella no tiene hambre porque está comiendo

he/she has - tiene

80

How many bikes do you have?

¿Cuántas bicis tienes?

bicycle (bike) - la bicicleta (bici)

81

Juan is the man whose mother has a new car

Juan es el hombre cuya mamá tiene un carro nuevo

whose - cuyo. Note that cuyo is only a relative pronoun. To translate the English word "whose" in a question format, use ¿de quién? (e.g. "Whose pencil is this?" - ¿De quién es este lápiz?)

82

What's wrong?

¿Qué tienes?

What's wrong? - ¿Qué tienes?. This literally means "What do you have?", as in some sort of ailment or condition

83

He is sleepy

Él tiene sueño

sleepiness - el sueño. Note that the English of "He is sleepy" translates literally to "He has sleepiness" in Spanish. Un sueño also means "a dream"

84

Are you (usted) thirsty?

¿Tiene sed?

thirst - la sed. Like with the phrase Tengo hambre ("I am hungry"), we express "being thirsty" by saying "to have thirst", or tener sed.

85

I'm very embarrassed!

¡Tengo mucha vergüenza!

to be embarassed - tener vergüenza, (literally, to have shame). Be careful not to confuse this with embarazada, which means "pregnant"!

86

We do not have cousins that live in Mexico

No tenemos ningún primo que viva en México

we have - tenemos

87

You (uds) have a lot of books in Spanish

Ustedes tienen muchos libros en español

you (uds) have - tienen

88

You (vosotros) are very thirsty

Vosotros tenéis mucha sed

you (vosotros) have - tenéis

89

Carlos and Liliana have a big family

Carlos y Liliana tienen una familia grande

they have - tienen

90

They have to walk more quickly because we are in a hurry

Tienen que caminar más rápido porque tenemos prisa

to be in a hurry - tener prisa. Note that tener prisa literally translates as "to have hurry"

91

TO HAVE

  • I have
  • You have
  • He/She has
  • We have
  • You have
  • They have

TENER

  • Yo tengo
  • tienes
  • Él/Ella/Ud tiene
  • Nosotros tenemos
  • Vosotros tenéis
  • Ellos/Ellas/Uds tienen

 

92

How many cousins (fem) do you have?

¿Cuántas primas tienes?

how many? - ¿cuántos?. Note that if the object is non-quantifiable, you would say cuánto, which translates as "How much?" (e.g. "How much money is there? - ¿Cuánto dinero hay?)

93

How old are you?

I am twenty-five years old

¿Cuántos años tienes?

Tengo veinticinco años

I am __ years old - tengo __ años. Note that the literal translation is "I have twenty five years"

94

My uncle and I have to sell my grandfather's house

Mi tío y yo tenemos que vender la casa de mi abuelo

to have to - tener que. Note that after tener que you must use an infinitive

95

I have to study because I have a test

Tengo que estudiar porque tengo una prueba

test - el exámen, la prueba. Note that the usage of examen and prueba to mean "test" differs by region

96

My sister and I are not scared

Mi hermana y yo no tenemos miedo

fear - el miedo. Note that "to be scared" is translated tener miedo, or "to have fear"

97

Is your grandmother very cold?

¿Tiene mucho frío tu abuela?

cold - el frío. "To be cold" is translated as tener frío, or "to have coldness"

98

Are you very hot?

¿Tienes mucho calor?

heat - el calor. "To be hot" is translated as tener calor, or "to have heat". Be careful not to use the adjective caliente ("hot") to describe a person, since it can mean "horny"!

99

Mariana has to help her mom every day

Mariana tiene que ayudar a su mamá todos los días

to help - ayudar

100

Rodrigo has to accompany his younger brother to school

Rodrigo tiene que acompañar a su hermano menor a la escuela

to accompany, to go with - acompañar

101

My little cousin (f.) is blonde

Mi primita es rubia

diminuitive - ito, -ita. Note that you form a diminuitive by adding -ito or -ita at the end of a noun or adjective ending in -o or -a. So, primo becomes primito

102

Is the baby very tiny?

¿Es pequeñita la bebé?

Note that adjectives can be made diminutive as well as nouns. Muy pequeño becomes pequeñito

103

I am going to visit my dear grandmother

Voy a visitar a mi abuelita

Note that we may use the diminutive ending -ita/-ito to connote affection. This does not necessarily mean that my grandmother is tiny!

104

My grandson is not drinking coffee

Mi nieto no está tomando café

coffee - el café

105

Are you drinking tea?

¿Estás tomando ?

tea - el té

106

Pedro's uncle is drinking a little coffee

El tío de Pedro está tomando un cafecito

diminuitive- cito, cita. Note that you form a diminuitive by adding -cito or -cita at the end of a noun or adjective ending in -e or in a consonant. Diminuitives are often used in Spanish-speaking cultures and there are other suffixes, but -ito, -ita, -cito, and -cita are most common

107

My mother is happy because she is on vacation

Mi madre está contenta porque está de vacaciones

mother - la madre, la mamá. Note that mamá translates as "mom" and is a more affectionate way of saying madre

108

My aunt is pregnant

Mi tía está embarazada

pregnant - embarazada