Lesson 8 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lesson 8 Deck (50):
1

to do, to make

hacer

to do, to make - hacer. Hacer is a very common irregular verb

2

I make something to eat every morning

Hago (algo) de comer cada mañana

I do/make - hago

3

I do my homework every day

Hago mi tarea todos los días

homework - la tarea

4

Do you make your own lunch?

¿Haces tu propio almuerzo?

you do/make - haces

5

Maritza does not do her homework every day

Maritza no hace su tarea todos los días

he/she does/makes - hace

6

David and I make lunch

David y yo hacemos el almuerzo

we do/make - hacemos

7

Do you (vosotros) do your math homework upstairs?

¿Hacéis vuestra tarea de matemáticas arriba?

you (vosotros) do, make - hacéis

8

Maricarmen and Sebastián, do you do your homework every day?

Maricarmen y Sebastián, ¿hacen su tarea todos los días?

you (uds) do/make - hacen

9

His sisters make lunch at home

Sus hermanas hacen el almuerzo en casa

they do/make - hacen

10

Are you (uds) doing your homework?

¿Están haciendo su tarea?

doing/making - haciendo

11

TO DO, TO MAKE

  • I do
  • You do
  • He/She does
  • We do
  • You do
  • They do

HACER

  • Yo hago
  • Tú haces
  • Él/Ella/Ud hace
  • Nosotros hacemos
  • Vosotros hacéis
  • Ellos/Ellas/Uds hacen

12

I am doing my homework, and I have a lot of questions

Estoy haciendo mi tarea, y tengo muchas preguntas

question - la pregunta

13

Are you going to do your homework now?

¿Ya vas a hacer tu tarea?

already, now - ya. Note that ya has several other meanings besides the most common translations shown here

14

I'm not going to ask

Yo no voy a preguntar

to ask - preguntar

15

Do you always ask so many questions?

¿Siempre haces tantas preguntas?

to ask a question - hacer una pregunta, preguntar

16

My aunt is crazy

Mi tía está loca

crazy - loco. Note that loco usually takes the verb estar

17

I put my shoes on the table that is next to your room

Pongo mis zapatos encima de la mesa que está al lado de tu cuarto

to put, to place - poner. Follows a similar base change pattern as hacer (adds a g in the first person singular)

18

When I go out, I close the door to the house

Cuando salgo, cierro la puerta de la casa

to leave, to go out - salir. Follows a similar base change pattern as hacer (adds a g in the first person singular)

19

to come

venir

to come - venir. Follows the a similar base change pattern as hacer

20

I come from Spain

Vengo de España

I come - vengo.  Note that it is more common to say Soy de España ("I am from Spain"), but here we are using "come" to help illustrate the uncommon present tense of the verb venir.

21

Where do you come from?

I come from the United States

 ¿De dónde vienes

Vengo de los Estados Unidos

you come - vienes

22

Where are you coming from?

I am coming from my house

 ¿De dónde vienes?

Vengo de mi casa

I am coming from - vengo de. Note that in Spanish, in order to convey where you are coming from, you do not need to use the present progressive, only the present tense (i.e. vengo de not *estoy viniendo de*)

23

Mateo comes from the United States. And you, where do you come from?

Mateo viene de los Estados Unidos. Y tú, ¿de dónde vienes?

he/she comes - viene

24

We are coming from our grandmother's house

Venimos de la casa de nuestra abuela

we come - venimos 

25

Where do you (vosotros) come from?

¿De dónde venís (vosotros)?

you (vosotros) come - venís 

26

You (uds) do not come from Mexico

Ustedes no vienen de México

you (uds) come - vienen

27

Manuel and Alexa come from school

Manuel y Alexa vienen de la escuela

they come - vienen

28

TO COME

  • I come
  • You come
  • He/She comes
  • We come
  • You come
  • They come

VENIR

  • Yo vengo
  • vienes
  • Él/Ella/Ud viene
  • Nosotros venimos
  • Vosotros venís
  • Ellos/Ellas/Uds vienen

29

to say

decir

to say - decir. Follows a similar base change pattern as hacer   

30

At night, I say crazy things

Por la noche, digo cosas locas

I say - digo

31

What are you saying?

¿Qué dices?

you say - dices. Note that while in English, we use the progressive tense "What are you saying?", in Spanish it is more common to just say ¿Qué dices?

32

He does not say that he is an art student; he says that he is a math student

Él no dice que es estudiante de arte; dice que es estudiante de matemáticas

he/she says - dice

33

We say the same thing every day

Decimos lo mismo todos los días

we say - decimos

34

You (uds) say that I am not Marta's cousin, but I am her cousin!

Ustedes dicen que yo no soy primo de Marta, ¡pero sí soy su primo!

you (uds) say - dicen

35

Why do they want to go to school?

¿Por qué quieren ir al colegio?

why? - ¿por qué?

36

Carla and Patricia do not say that they go to this university. Why do you say that they are students here?

Carla y Patricia no dicen que van a esta universidad. ¿Por qué dices tú que ellas son estudiantes aquí?

they say - dicen

37

TO SAY

  • I say
  • You say
  • He/She says
  • We say
  • You say
  • They say

DECIR

  • Yo digo
  • dices
  • Él/Ella/Ud dice
  • Nosotros decimos
  • Vosotros decís
  • Ellos/Ellas/Uds dicen

38

to hear

oír

to hear - oír. Note that oír is another irregular verb that not only changes its stem from -i to -g in the first person (oigo), but also changes stem from -i to -y (e.g. "he hears" - él oye)

39

I don't want anything!

¡No quiero nada!

nothing, anything - nada. Note that in Spanish, "double negatives" are not only allowed but required

40

I do not hear anything

No oigo nada

I hear - oigo

41

I hear a noise that comes from his room

Oigo un ruido que viene de su cuarto

noise, sound - el ruido

42

When I go out on the street, I hear some very noisy kids

Cuando salgo a la calle, oigo unos niños muy ruidosos

noisy - ruidoso

43

Do you hear when I speak?

¿Oyes cuando hablo?

you hear - oyes

44

Do you hear that noise?

¿Oyes ese ruido?

that - ese, esa, eso. Note that eso is the neuter version of "that" used in generalized situations and does not need to be followed by a noun. (e.g. "Do you hear that?" - Oyes eso?)

45

Manuel doesn't hear us when we say that he is handsome

Manuel no nos oye cuando decimos que es guapo

he/she hears - oye

46

When everyone in the class is talking, we do not hear when the teacher talks

Cuando todos en la clase están hablando, no oímos cuando el maestro habla

we hear - oímos

47

Do you (vosotros) not hear the same noise as us?

¿Vosotros no oís el mismo ruido que nosotros?

you (vosotros) hear - oís

48

Juan, Marcos, and Pamela, do you hear that?

Juan, Marcos, y Pamela, ¿oyen eso?

you (uds) hear - oyen

49

Do you think that they hear the noises?

¿Piensas que ellos oyen los ruidos?

they hear - oyen

50

TO HEAR

  • I hear
  • You hear
  • He/She hears
  • We hear
  • You hear
  • They hear

OÍR

  • Yo oigo
  • oyes
  • Él/Ella/Ud oye
  • Nosotros oímos
  • Vosotros oís
  • Ellos/Ellas/Uds oyen