Medical Terminology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Medical Terminology Deck (343):
1

Prefix

beginning of a word

2

Suffix

ending of a word

3

Root

foundation or base of a word

4

combining vowel

vowel (usually "O" added to a root

5

Use a combining vowel when?

a) combining a root to another root
b) combining a root to a suffix begining with a consonant
c) combining form - root + vowel (ex hepat/o; gastr/o)

6

-centesis

surgical puncture

7

arthr/o

joint

8

-desis

binding or fixation of a joint

9

-clast

to break

10

oste/o

bone

11

-ectomy

excision or removal

12

append/

appendix

13

-lysis

separation; destruction; loosening

14

thromb/o

blood clot

15

-pexy

fixation

16

mast/o

breast

17

-plasty

surgical repair

18

rhino/o

nose

19

-rrhaphy

suture

20

my/o

muscle

21

-stomy

forming an opening (mouth)

22

trache/o

trachea (wind pipe)

23

-tome

instrument to cut

24

-tomy

incision

25

-tripsy

crushing

26

lith/o

stone, calculus

27

-gram

record, writing

28

electr/o

electricity

29

cardi/o

heart

30

-graph

instrument for recording

31

-graphy

process of recording

32

-meter

instrument for measuring

33

pelv/i

pelvis

34

-metry

act of measuring

35

-scope

instrument for examing

36

endo/

in, within

37

-scopy

visual examiniation

38

-algia

pain

39

-dynia

pain

40

neur/

nerve

41

ot/o

ear

42

-cele

hernia

43

hepat/o

liver

44

-ectasis

dilation, expansion

45

bronchi/

plural bronchi, bronchus

46

-edema

swelling

47

lymph/

lymph

48

-emesis

vomiting

49

hyper

excessive, above normal

50

-emia

blood condition

51

an/

without

52

-iasis

abnormal condition (produced by something specific)

53

chol

bile, gall

54

-itis

inflamation

55

-gastr

stomach

56

-malacia

softening

57

chrondr/o

cartilage

58

-megaly

enlargment

59

-oma

tumor

60

-osis

abnormal condition; increase (used primarily with blood cells)

61

cyan/

blue

62

-pathy

disease

63

-penia

decrease, deficiency

64

erythro/o

red

65

-phobia

fear

66

hem/o

blood

67

-plegia

paralysis

68

hemi/

one half

69

-rrhage, -rrhagia

bursting (of)

70

men/o

menses

71

-rrhea

discharge flow

72

dia/

through, across

73

-rrhexis

rupture

74

arteri/o

artery

75

-stenosis

narrowing, stricture

76

-toxic

posion

77

hepat/o

liver

78

-trophy

nourishment, development

79

dys/

bad, painful, difficult

80

Plural rule for word ending in "us"

drop the "us" add "i"

81

Plural rule for word ending in "ix"

drop the "ix" add "ices"

82

Plural rule for word ending in "um"

drop the "um" add "a"

83

Plural rule for word ending in "y"

drop the "y" add "ies"

84

Plural rule for word ending in "en"

drop the "en" add "ina"

85

Plural rule for word ending in "is"

drop the "is" add "es"

86

Plural rule for word ending in "a"

drop the "a" add "e"

87

Plural rule for word ending in "ax"

drop the "ax" add "ces"

88

Plural rule for word ending in "on"

drop the "on" add "a"

89

a-; an-

without

90

/ia

condition

91

circum-

around

92

peri-

around

93

/duction

act of leading, bringing conduction

94

odont/

teeth

95

/al

pertaining to

96

dipl-

double

97

diplo-

double

98

/opia

vision

99

trans/

through or across

100

vagin/

vagina

101

bacteri/

bacteria

102

intra/

in, within

103

homo-, homeo-

same

104

/graft

transplantation

105

hypo-

below

106

derm:

skin

107

-ic

pertaining to

108

macro-

large

109

-cyte

cell

110

micro-

small

111

scope-

instrument for examining

112

mono-

one

113

-ar

pertaining to

114

post-

after

115

/nat

birth

116

/gnosis

knowing

117

primi-

first

118

/gravida

pregnant woman

119

retro-

backward, behind

120

version

turning

121

super-

above, upper

122

/ior

pertaining to

123

cyt/

cell

124

hist/o

tissue

125

/nucle/o

nucleus

126

anter/o

anterior, front

127

caud/o

tail

128

dist/o

far; farthest

129

dors/o

back (of body)

130

infer/o

lower, below

131

later/o

side, to one side

132

medi/o

middle

133

poster/o

back (of body), behind, posterior

134

proxim/o

near, nearest

135

super/o

upper, above

136

ventro/o

belly

137

-ad

toward

138

-logist

specialist in the study of

139

-logy

study of

140

abdomin/o

abdomen

141

cephal/o

head

142

cervic/o

neck; cervix uteri

143

crani/o

cranium

144

ili/o

ilium

145

inguin/o

groin

146

lumb/o

loins (lower back)

147

spin/o

spine

148

thorac/o

chest

149

umbilic/o

umbilicus, navel

150

-ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -ous, -iac, -ic, ior

Pertaining to

151

adip/o

fat

152

lip/o

fat

153

steat/o

fat

154

cutan/o

skin

155

dermat/o

skin

156

derm/o

skin

157

hidr/o

sweat

158

sudor/o

sweat

159

ichthy/o

dry, scaly

160

kerat/o

horny tissue; hard; cornea

161

melan/

black

162

myc/o

fungus

163

onych/o

nail

164

pil/o

hair

165

trich/o

hair

166

scler/o

hardening; sclera (white of eye)

167

seb/o

sebum, sebaceous

168

squam/o

scale

169

xer/o

dry

170

-oid

resembling

171

-phoresis

carrying, transmission

172

-plasty

surgical repair

173

-therapy

treatment

174

erythemat/0

red

175

leuk/o

white

176

xanth/o

yellow

177

auto-

self, own

178

adenoid/o

adenoids

179

laryng/o

larynx

180

nas/o

nose

181

tonsill/o

tonsil

182

alvelo/o

alveolus (plural, alveloi)

183

pleur/o

pleura

184

pneum/o

air; lung

185

pneumon/o

air; lung

186

pulmon/o

lung

187

thorac/o

chest

188

-ectasis

dilation, expansion

189

-osmia

smell

190

-oxia

oxygen

191

-phagia

swallowing, eating

192

-pnea

breathing

193

-spasm

involuntary contraction, twitching

194

-thorax

chest

195

-spasm

involuntary contraction, twitching

196

-phagia

swallowing, eating

197

-oxia

Oxygen

198

or/o

mouth

199

atel/o

incomplete, imperfect

200

epiglott/

epiglottis

201

sinus/o

sinus cavity

202

spir/o

to breathe

203

atel/o

incomplete, imperfect

204

acid/o

acid

205

carcin/o

cancer

206

cyst/o

bladder

207

fibr/o

fiber/ fibrous tissue

208

hydr/o

water

209

muc/o

mucus

210

tom/o

to cut

211

orth/o

strait

212

-centesis

surgical puncture

213

neo-

new

214

phleb/o

vein

215

ven/o

vein

216

varic/o

dilated vein

217

vas/o

vessel, duct

218

ventricul/o

ventricle

219

-um

structure thing

220

aden/o

gland

221

agglutin/o

clumping, gluing

222

immun/o

immune, immunity, safe

223

lymphaden/o

lymph gland

224

lymphangi/o

lymph vessel

225

phag/o

swallowing, eating

226

splen/o

spleen

227

thym/o

thymus gland

228

-phylaxis

protection

229

angi/o

vessel (usually blood or lymph)

230

aneurysm/o

a widening, a widened blood vessel

231

ather/o

fatty plaque

232

atri/o

atrium

233

embol/o

embolus (plug)

234

isch/o

hold back

235

rrhythm/o

rhythm

236

varic/o

dialated vein

237

necr/o

death

238

sarc/o

flesh (connective tissue)

239

-cardia

heart condition

240

-emia

blood

241

-oid

resembling

242

-ole, -ule

small, minute

243

-oma

tumor

244

-osis

abnormal condition

245

-ose

pertaining to; sugar

246

tachy-

rapid

247

brady-

slow

248

echo-

repeated sound

249

adhesion

band of scar tisue binding anatomical surfaces that are normally separate from each other

250

inflammation

protective response of body tissues to irritation, infection, or allergy

251

sepsis

body's inflammatory response to infection, in which there is fever, elevated heart and respiratory rate and low blood pressure

252

endosocpy

visual examination of the interior of organs and cavities with a specialized lighted instrument called and endoscope

253

fluoroscopy

radio graphic procedure that uses a fluorescent screen instead of a photographic plate to produce a visual image from xrays that pass through the patient, resulting in contnuous imaging of the motion of internal structures and immediate serial images.

254

MRI

Magnetic resonance imaging. Uses electromagnetic energy to produce multiplanar cross sectional images of the body

255

nuclear scan

Diagnostic technique that produces an image of an organ or area by recording the concentration of a radio-pharmaceutical introduced into the body

256

radiography

production of captured shadow images on photographic film through the action of ionizing radiation passing through the body from an external source.

257

scan

technique for carefully studying an area, organ, or system of the body by recording and displaying an image of the area

258

tomography

radiographic technique that produces a film representing a detailed slice of an area

259

anastomosis

connection between two vessels; surgical joining of two ducts, blood vessels or bowel segments to allow flow from one to the other

260

ultrasonography

Imaging technique that uses high frequency sound waves that bounce off body tissues and are recorded to produce an image of an internal organ or tissue.

261

AIDS

acquired immune deficiency syndrom

262

BCC

basil cell carcinoma

263

Bx, bx

biopsy

264

cm

centimeter

265

Derm

dermatology

266

FH

family history

267

FS

frozen section

268

I&D

incision and drainage

269

ID

intradermal

270

IM

intramuscular

271

IMP

impression

272

PE

physical examination

273

subcu, SubQ

subcutaneous (injection)

274

ung

ointment

275

WBC

white blood cell, white blood cell count

276

XP, XDP

xeroderma pigmentosum

277

abrasion

scraping rubbing away of a surface by friction

278

abscess

localilzed collection of pus at the site of an infection

279

furuncle

boil, abscess that originates in a hair follicle

280

carbuncle

cluster of furuncles in the subQ tissue

281

acne

inflammatory disease of sebaceous follicles of the skin marked by comedos, papules and pustules

282

alopecia

absence or loss of hair

283

comedo

discolored, dried sebum plugging an excretory duct of the skin; also called a blackhead

284

cyst

closed sac or pouch in or under the skin with a definite wall that contains fluid, semifluid, or solid material

285

eczema

redness of the skin caused by swelling of the capillaries

286

hermorrhage

loss of a large amount of blood in a short period, externally or interally

287

contusion

hemorrhage of any size under the skin where the skin is not broken (bruise)

288

ecchymosis

skin discoloration consisting of a large, irregularly formed hemorrhagic area with colors changing.... bruise

289

petechia

minute pinpoint hemorrhagic spot of the skin

290

hematoma

elevated localized collection of blood trapped under the skin that usually results from trauma

291

hirsutism

condition characterized by excessive growth of hair, or presence of hair in unusual places, especially in women

292

impetigo

bacterial skin infection characterized by isolated pustules that become crusted and rupture

293

psoriasis

chronic skin disease characterized by itchy red patches covered with silvery scales

294

scabies

contagious skin disease transmitted by the itch mite

295

tinea

fungal infection whose name commonly indicates the body part affection, also called ringworm

296

ulcer

leasion of the skin or mucous membranes marked by inflammation, necrosis, and sloughing of damaged skin tissues

297

urticaria

allergic reaction of the skin characterized by eruption of pale red elevated patches that are intensely itchy, also called wheals or hives

298

verruca

warts

299

vitiligo

localized loss of skin pigmentation characterized by milk white patches, also called leukoderma

300

biopsy

removal of small piece of living tissue for examination to confirm or establish a diagnosis

301

ABGs

arterial blood gases

302

ARDS

acute respiratory distress syndrome

303

CA

Cancer, chronological age, cardiac arrest

304

CF

cystic fibrosis

305

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

306

CO2

carbon dioxide

307

CPAP

continuous positive airway pressure

308

CPR

cardiopulmonary resucitation

309

CT

computer tomography

310

DPT

diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus

311

Dx

diagnosis

312

FEV1

forced expiratory volume in one second

313

FVC

forced vital capacity

314

HF

heart failure

315

HMD

hyaline membrane disease

316

IPPB

intermittent positive pressure breathing

317

IRDS

infant respiratory distress syndrome

318

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging

319

NMT

nebulized mist treatment

320

O2

Oxygen

321

OSA

obstructive sleep apnea

322

PCP

pnumocystis pneumonia, primary care physician, phencyclidine

323

PFT

pulmonary function test

324

PND

paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea

325

RD

respiratory disease

326

SIDS

sudden infant death syndrome

327

SOB

shortness of breath

328

TB

tuberculosis

329

URI

upper respiratory infection

330

VC

vital capacity

331

crackles

fine crackling or bublling sounds, commonly heard during inspiration when ther eis fluid in the alveoli (rales)

332

friction rub

dry grating sound

333

rhonchi

loud coarse or snoring sounds

334

stridor

high pitched musical sound

335

wheezes

continuous high pitched whistling sound

336

acidosis

excessive acidity of blood due to an accumulation of acids or an excessive loss of bicarbonate

337

ARDS signs/symptoms

respiratory insufficiency marked by progressive hypoxia

338

anoxia

total absence of OX in tissues

339

atelectasis

collapse of lung tissue

340

consolidation

process of lungs becoming solid

341

coryza

a cold. acute inflammation of nasal passages with profuse discharge

342

epistaxis

hemorrhage from the nose

343

pertussis

whooping cough