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Flashcards in Mineral Test Deck (36):
0

Forms in tear shaped pegmatites in the presence of hot fluids

Topaz

1

Forms in metamorphic rock

Garnet

2

Forms when a body of salt water evaporates

Gypsum

3

Forms from materials dissolved in water that eventually crystallize

Calcite

4

Suppose you see a miner working in an open pit. What kind of mining is he doing and what minerals might he be mining?

Surface Mining - copper, bauxite, or aluminum

5

What are common uses of chromium?

Making stainless steel or cast iron

6

The method commonly used to mine diamonds is called ________. Why?

Deep Mining - because you have to dig deep within the earth to get to the minerals

7

Used to make toothpaste

Sulfates

8

Diamond or copper penny

Native elements

9

Used to make medicine or batteries

Sulfides

10

Rock salt

Halides

11

Used to make fireworks

Carbonates

12

Used to make aircraft parts and sand paper

Oxides

13

Used to make fertilizer

Halides

14

Contain only one element

Native elements

15

Minerals are commonly classified by __________ composition.

Chemical

16

What is the mineral found in the brain of fish that gives them a sense of direction?

Magnetite

17

Silicate minerals contain these 2 elements - the 2 most common elements in the earth's crust

Silicon and oxygen

18

True or false - the arrangement of crystals determine its shape

True

19

True or false - the arrangement of atoms in a crystal is determined by the atoms that make up the mineral

True

20

True or false - a crystalline structure is always geometric

True

21

True or false - crystals are classified according to their mineral content

False

22

Name 2 characteristics of a mineral

1) It is non living material
2) it has a repeating inner structure

23

Smallest part of an element that has all the properties of that element

Atom

24

Substance that cannot be chemically broken down into a simpler form

Element

25

Formed when the atoms of 2 or more elements bond together chemically

Compound

26

Solid geometric form of a mineral produced by a repeating pattern of atoms

Crystal

27

Crystallizes out of ground water that has been heated by magma

Gold

28

Mineral crystals that are attractive and rare are called _______.

Gems

29

Suppose you had an airplane factory and you needed more beryllium. Which mineral would you need to mine?

Beryl

30

What is the process that helps reduce the harmful effect of mining?

Reclamation

31

What are 2 problems with reclamation?

1) it is expensive
2) it is time consuming

32

How can we reduce out need for mineral ore?

We can reduce our need for mineral ore by recycling.

33

Name 3 minerals that form in metamorphic rocks

Calcite, garnet, granite

34

A mineral deposit large enough and pure enough to be mined for profit.

Ore

35

How can mining cause water pollution?

The waste products from a mine can get into water sources.