MOD 4 Male Reproductive Flashcards Preview

Medical Terms > MOD 4 Male Reproductive > Flashcards

Flashcards in MOD 4 Male Reproductive Deck (83):
1

genitourinary

genit/o-- genitalia
urin/o-- urine; urinary system
-ary-- pertaining to

includes both the external and internal genitalia

2

gonads

gon/o-- seed (ovum or spermatozoon)
-ad-- pertaining to

Testes are the gonads, or SEX GLANDS in a male. In a woman, it is the ovaries. 

3

perinuem

the area on the outside of the body between the anus and scrotum. 

4

combining forms for the testicle

  1. testicul/o-
  2. didym/o-
  3. orchi/o-
  4. orch/o-
  5. test/o-
     

5

seminiferous tubules

semin/i-- spermatozoon; sperm
fer/o-- to bear
-ous-- pertianing to

tightly coiled tubules that produce spermatozoa or sperm

6

spermatozoa

sper-mah-toh-ZOH-ah

spermat/o-- perm
-zoon-- animal

Just means "sperm"

7

interstitial cells

interstiti-/o-- spaces within tissue
-al-- pertaining to

secrete the hormone testostrone

8

testosterone

most abundant and biologically active of all the male sex hormones

9

lumen

matured sperm are continuously released into the lumen, which is the internal opening of the seminiferous tubules and carried by fluid into the epididymis

10

epididymis

long (20ft) , coiled tube that is attached to the outer wall of each testis. 

epi-- upon
-didymis-- testes (twin structures)

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11

inguinal

ING-gwih-nal

inguin/o-- groin
-al-- pertaining to

12

vas deferens

or 

ductus deferens

VAS DEF-er-enz

a long duct that receives spermatozoa from the epididymis. 

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13

seminal vesicles

two elongated glands that form a V. They produce seminal fluid, which makes up most of the volume of semen. 

 

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14

ejaculatory duct

large collecting duct that holds sperms from each vas deferns and seminal fluid from the seminal vesicles.

15

prostate gland

round gland at the base of the bladder. not a part of the urinary system. It produces prostatic fluid. 

16

prostatic fluid

milky substance that makes up some of the volume of semen. It contains an antibiotic substance that kills bacteria in the woman's vagnia. It also carries substances that activates the ezymes in the head of sperm so that it can penetrate the woman's ovum to fertilize it. 

17

bulbourethral glands

bul-oh-yoo-REE-thral

bulb/o-- like a bulb
urethro/o-- urethra
-al-- pertaining to

about the size of peas that are located on either side of the urethra. They produce thick mucus that makes up some of the volume of semen and neutralizes the acidity of any urine remaining in the urethra at the tiem of ejactulation. 

18

balan/o-

means "glans penis"

19

corpora cavernosa

erectile tissue that is located along the upper surface of the penis

 

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20

corpus spongiosum

Centered along the UNDERSIDE of the penis. The urethra is located within the corpus spongiosum. 

21

adolesc/o--

the beginning of being an adult. 

"adolescence"

suffix "-ence"-- means "state of"

22

puberty

puber/o- growing up
-ty-- quality or state

23

FSH

Follicle-stiumlating hormone

causes the seminiferous tubles to enlarge. Because these tubles make 80% of each testis, the testes themselves enlarge significantly during puberty.

24

spermatocyte

SPER-mah-toh-site

immature sperms. Each cell contains 46 at first, but then narrow down to 23. 

25

LH

luteinizing hormone

LOO-tee-ih-ny-zing

26

number of sperm in semen

100-500 MILLION sperms! 

27

ejaculat/o-- 

to expel suddenly

Ejaculatory

-ory--having the function of

28

coitus

same as "sexual intercourse"

29

pareun/o-

or 

venere/o--

also mean "sexual intercourse"

 

such as "veneral disease"

30

scrot/o--

a bag. 

 

scrotum

31

cryptorchism

crypt/o-- hidden
orch/o-- testis
-ism-- process; disease from a specific cause

failure of one or both testicles to descend. This causes low sperm count and male infertility. 

32

epididymitis

inflammation and infection of the epididymis. caused by bacterial urinary tract infection

epi-- upon
didym/o-- testes
-itis-- inflammation

33

infertility

in-- not
fertil/o-- able to conceive a child
-ity-- state; condition

may be caused by hormone imbalance of FSH or LH, or other reasons

34

oligospermia

olig/o-- scanty; few
sperm/o-- sperm
-ia-- condition; state; thing

fewer than the normal number of sperm are prdocued by the testes. 

35

orchitis

inflammation or infection of the testes. Caused by bacteria, the mumps virus, or trauma. 

orch/o-- testis

36

seminoma

testicular cancer

37

varicocele

varicose vein in the spermatic cord to the testis

varic/o-- varix; varicose vein
-cele-- hernia

38

BPH

Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy

hyper--above, more than normal
-trophy-- process of development

Gradual enlargement of the prostate gland that normally occurs as a man ages. The enlarged prostate gland compresses the urethra and causes the bladder to retain urine. This causes hesitancy and dribbling on urination and a narrowed caliber of the urine stream.

39

cancer of the prostate gland

most common cancer in men. Few early symptom because it grows slowly. Later, the cancer makes the prostate feel hard. 

40

malignancy

malign/o-- intentionally causing harm; cancer
-ancy-- state of

41

prostatitis

acute or chronic bacterial infection of the prostate gland. Caused by urinary tract infection or STDs

42

balanitis

balan/o-- glans penis
 

inflammation and infection of the glans penis caused by a bacterium, virus, yeast, or fungus. 

43

chordee

downward curvature of the penis during an erection.

44

dyspareunia

dis-pah-ROO-nee-ah

dys-- painful
pareun/o-- sexual intercourse
-ia-- condition; state; thing

Painful or difficult sexual intercourse pain or postcoital pain

45

postcoiital

post-after; behind
coit-/o-- sexual intercourse
-al-- pertainig to

After sex

46

phimosis

congenital condition in which the opening of the foreskin is too small to allow the foreskin to pull back over the glans penis.

47

smegma

white, cheesy discharge of skin cells and oils and can cause infection

48

premature ejaculation

ejaculation of semen that ofen occurs with minimal stimulation and before the penis becomes fully erect to penetrate the vagina. 

49

pirapism

PRY-ah-pizm

priamp/o-- persistent erection
-ism-- process; disease

continuing erection fo the penis with pain and tenderness. Caused by spinal cord injury or side effect of drugs used to treat ED

50

acid phosphatase

tests for an enzyme found in the prostate gland. Increase levels in the blood indicate cancer of the prostate that has metastasized to the body.

51

PAP

Prostatic acid phosphatase

only measures acid phosphatase from the prostate gland.

52

hormone testing

determines the levels of FSH and LH from the anerior pituitary gland and testosterones. used to diagnose infertitily problems 

53

PSA

prostate-specific antigen

anti-against
-gen-- that which produces (genesis)

detects glycoprotein in cells of the prostate gland. PSA is increased in men with prostate cancer. the higher the level, the more advanced the cancer. 

54

RPR

Rapid Plasma Reagin

blood test for syphilis

55

VDRL

Venereal Disease Research Laboratory

blood test for syphilis

56

FTA-ABS

Flourescent-Treponemal Antibody aBSorption

blood test for syphilis

57

test used in rape investigations

If presence of acid phosphatase in the vagina is found, this indicates sexual intercourse has occured. 

58

normal sperm count

greater than 50million/mL

59

motility

motil/o- movement
-ity-- state; condition

forward movement of sperm

60

morphology

normal shape of sperm

morph/o-- SHAPE, not change

61

aspermia

a-- without
sperm/o-- sperm
-ia-- condition

A semen analysis is done after a vasectomy to verify aspermia and a successful sterilization. 

62

ProstaScint scan

Procedure that uses ProstaScint to detect areas of metastasis from a primary site of prostate cancer. 

63

TRUS

Transrectal Ultrasonography

uses an ultrasound probe inserted into the rectum to obtain an image of the prostate gland

64

DRE

Digital Rectal Examination
 

digit/o-- digit (finger/toes)
-al-- pertaining to
 

procedure to palpate the prostate gland. Gloved finger is inserted into rectum to feel the prostate gland for signs of tenderness, nodules, hardness, or enlargement. Should be done yearly in men over 40. 

65

newborn genital exam

examined for any sign of abnormal position of the urethral meatus or undescended testicles.

66

TSE

testicular self-examination

should be done monthly to detect early signs of testicular cancer

67

biopsy

to remove tissue from prostate gland to diagnose prostate cancer. inserted thru rectum or urethra.

68

fine-needle aspiration biopsy

aspir/o-- to breathe in; suck in
-ation-- a process

performed to investigate low sperm count. a thin needle is inserted and a syringe is used to aspirate tissue. 

69

incisional biopsy

aka: open biopsy. performed when a mass is felt in a testis

70

circumcision

circum-- around
cis/o-- cut
-ion-- action; condition

procedure to remove the foreskin. This can be done to correct a tight prepuce and allow better hygiene of the glans penis.

71

orchiectomy

or-kee-EK-toh-mee
 

procedure to remove a testis because of testicular cancer

72

orchiopexy

-pexy-- process of surgically fixing in place

procedure to reposition an undescended testicle and fix it within the scrotum

73

penile implant

procedure to implan an inflatable penile prosthesis for patients with ED

74

prostatectomy

procedure to remove the entire prostate gland along with the lymph nodes and stuff due to prostate cancer

75

TURP

Transurethral Resection of the Prostate

trans-- across; through
urethr/o-- urethra
-al-- pertaining to

resect/o-- to cut out and remove
-ion-- action; condition
 

Procedure to reduce the size of the prostate gland in patiens with benign prostatic hypertrophy. TUPR is the most common surgical treatment for a moderatly to severely enlarged prostate gland. 

76

resectoscope

resect/o-- to cut out; remove
-scope-- instrument used to examine

Used in TURP

77

PVP

Photoselective Vaporization of the Prostate

Uses laser to treat enlarged prostate gland.

78

HoLAP

Holmium Laser Ablation of the Prostate

Both HoLAP and PVP get same result as TURP but with less bleeding. 

79

TUMT

transurethral microwave therapy

uses microwave antenna to destroy prostatic tissue

80

TUNA

Transurethral needle ablation 

ablat/o-- take away; destroy
 

uses resectoscope to place needles in the prostate gland to destroy prostatic tissue with radio waves and heat

81

vasectomy

vas/o-- blood vessel; vas deferens
-ectomy-- surgical excision

procedure in the male to prevent pregnancy in the female. both vas deferens are divided, length of each tube is removed, and the cut ends are sutured and crushed or destroyed. spermatozoa are still produced, but are absorbed back into the body.

82

vasovasostomy

vay-soh-vah-SAWS-toh-mee

reversal of a vasectomy. cut ends are rejoined

83

HPV

human papillomavirus