NBR 2 - Neurosurgery Flashcards Preview

UNAIR - NBR 2nd Edition 2005 > NBR 2 - Neurosurgery > Flashcards

Flashcards in NBR 2 - Neurosurgery Deck (200)
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1

Caudate Nucleus

D

2

Choroid Plexus

I

3

Foramen of Monroe

F

4

4. Column of the fornix

B

5


5. Septum Pellucidum

A

6

6. thalamostriate vein

G

7

7. Thalamus

H

8

8. Body of the fornix

C

9


9. Anterior Caudate Vein

E

10


10. Surgical procedures utilized in the treatment of spasmodic torticollis include
I. upper cervical ventral rhizotomies and spinal accessory  neurectomy
II. stereotactic thalamotomy
III. microvascular decompression of the spinal accessory nerve
IV. myotomy

A. I, II, III
B. I, III
C. II, IV
D. IV
E. all of the above

E

11

11. Which surgical approach for thoracic disk herniations is associated with the highest rate of neurologic injury?
A. costotransversectomy
B. lateral extracavitary
C. midline laminectomy
D. transpedicular
E. transthoracic

E

12


12. Which surgical approach for thoracic disk herniations is associated with the highest rate of neurologic injury?
A. costotransversectomy
B. lateral extracavitary
C. midline laminectomy
D. transpedicular
E. transthoracic

A

13


13. Each of the following is characteristic of complex regional pain syndrome II ( causalgia) except
A. atrophic changes in the limb
B. hypesthesia
C. increased sweating
D. lack of major motor deficit
E. good relief with sympathetic block

B

14


For questions 14 to 18,

match the description with the structure.
A. dermoid cyst
B. epidermoid cyst
C. both
D. neither

 

14. Bacterial Meningitis

A

15

For questions 14 to 18,

match the description with the structure.
A. dermoid cyst
B. epidermoid cyst
C. both
D. neither

 

15. Aseptic Meningitis

B

16

For questions 14 to 18,

match the description with the structure.
A. dermoid cyst
B. epidermoid cyst
C. both
D. neither

 

16. Associated Congenital Malformations

A

17

For questions 14 to 18,

match the description with the structure.
A. dermoid cyst
B. epidermoid cyst
C. both
D. neither

 

17. Most Often Midline

A

18


For questions 14 to 18,

match the description with the structure.
A. dermoid cyst
B. epidermoid cyst
C. both
D. neither

 

18. Responsive to radiation therapy

D

19

19.  Ventricular enlargement from choroid plexus papillomas can be secondary to
I. entrapment of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
II. decreased absorption of CSF from hemorrhage-induced arachnoiditis
III. tumor growth
IV. excessive production of CSF
A. I, II, III
B. I, III
C. II, IV
D. IV
E. all of the above

E

20


20. Which approach is favored for a patient with an 8 mm acoustic neuroma in which hearing preservation is a goal?
A. middle fossa
B. suboccipital
C. trans labyrinthine

A

21

21. Uncinate seizures typically produce
A. auditory hallucinations
B. gustatory hallucinations
C. olfactory hallucinations
D. vertiginous sensations
E. visual seizures

C

22


For questions 22 to 25, match the description with the structure.
A. calcarine sulcus
B. lateral mesencephalic sulcus
C. posterior communicating artery
D. tectal plate

 

22.  Separates the PI and P2A segments of the posterior cerebral artery

C

23


For questions 22 to 25, match the description with the structure.
A. calcarine sulcus
B. lateral mesencephalic sulcus
C. posterior communicating artery
D. tectal plate

 

23. Separates the P2A and P2P segments of the posterior cerebral artery

B

24

For questions 22 to 25, match the description with the structure.
A. calcarine sulcus
B. lateral mesencephalic sulcus
C. posterior communicating artery
D. tectal plate

 

24.separates the P2P and P3 segments of the posterior cerebral artery

D

25


For questions 22 to 25, match the description with the structure.
A. calcarine sulcus
B. lateral mesencephalic sulcus
C. posterior communicating artery
D. tectal plate

 

25. separates the P2P and P3 segments of the posterior cerebral artery

A

26


26. The radial nerve or one of its branches innervates each of the following except the
A. abductor pollicis longus
B. adductor pollicis
C. brachioradialis
D. extensor pollicis brevis
E. supinator

B

27

27. Each of the following is true of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in the newborn except
A. Periventricular hemorrhagic infarction is one sequela.
B. Posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus can result in persistent bradycardia and apneic spells.
C The capillary bed of the germinal matrix is composed of large irregular vessels.
D. The germinal matrix is the most common site of IVH in the full-term neonate.
E. The risk of IVH is greater in the preterm than in the term infant.

D

28

28. The ossification centers of the odontoid consist of
A. one primary and two secondary centers
B. one secondary and three primary centers
C. three secondary and one primary center
D. two primary Centers
E. two primary and one secondary center

E

29

29. The most common single-suture synostosis is
A. coronal
B. lambdoid
C. metopic
D. sagittal
E. sphenozygomatic

D

30


30. The most sensitive method for detecting carpal tunnel syndrome is
A. needle examination of the abductor pollicis brevis
B. needle examination of the first and second lumbricals
C motor amplitude of the median nerve
D. motor distal latency of the median nerve
E. palmar sensory conduction time of the median nerve

E