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Flashcards in Ortho - Overview Deck (77)
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1

What are the four stages Of Ortho Acup. Process?

1. Questioning
2. Performing
3. Thinking
4. Applying

2

An important part of determining tx effectiveness?

Outcome Measures
ie: Pain Scales, ROM, MMT

3

What is the most important part of the patients intake?

History

4

Five key questions to ask of Main Complaint after history of patient?

1. Any Dx? What is story
2. When? Timeline, when it started
3. How? Mechanism of Injury
4. Where? Structures involved

5

What is pain?

An unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage.

6

What does HIPS stand for?

1. History - WM or TCM (root and/or branch)
2. Inspection/Observation - muscle imb. ab. posture
3. Palpation - meridian/Zangfu, tg, pulse
4. Special Testing - ROM, MMT(manual muscle test), OPA (orthopedic Physical Assessment

7

What are dermatomes?

A skin area innervated by the sensory fibers of a single nerve root.

8

What are myotomes?

A group of muscles primarily innervated by the motor fibers of a single nerve root.

9

What are six different pain types?

1. Somatic
2. Neuropathic
3. Psychogenic
4. Visceral
5. Sympathetic
6. Phantom

10

Name three different types of pain quality?

1. Paroxysmal - shooting, electric
2. Superficial - itchy, tingling
3. Deep-achy - heavy, cramping

11

Name four types of diagnostic imaging?

1. X-ray
2. CT-scan
3. MRI
4. Ultrasound

12

Do sinew channels connect to the internal organs?

A: No

13

Name five External Pathogenic Influences?

Wind, Cold, Damp, Heat/Fire, Dryness

14

The main physical clinical manifestations of Bi Syndrome (Painful Obstruction) are?

1. Pain
2. Aching
3. Numbness
4. Heaviness
5. Reduced ROM

15

What is radiculopathy?

Pain that radiates down.

16

In Cross Syndrome which two muscle groups are deficient?

Rhomboids and neck flexors.

17

When checking ROM what is degree for side flexion of neck?

20-45 degrees

18

What TCM pattern does tissue tension indicate?

Wind, Blood, Stagnation, Cold or Deficiency.

19

What does AROM stand for?

Active Range of Motion

20

What does TCM pattern does tissue thickness indicate?

Dampness

21

What does TCM pattern does palpable, fibrous tissue texture indicate?

Blood stagnation, cold

22

What WM conditions do cold vs hot indicate?

Poor blood circulation vs inflammation

23

What does PROM stand for?

Passive Range of Motion

24

What does RROM stand for?

Resisted Range of Motion

25

What are tests for neck ROM?

R / L Rotation, Neck Flexion, Lateral Flexion

26

What does MMT stand for?

Manual Muscle Testing

27

What is the difference between Break Test and Active Resistance Test?

BT: manual resistance applied to limb after movement complete. Tests myotomes/muscle/tendon lesions. Locked feeling.
RT: manual resistance applied to limb against actively contracting muscle. Also tests myotomes/muscle/tendon lesions.

28

What types of Outcome Measures can be used?

Pain Scales, ROM, MMT, ADL (Activity of Daily Living)

29

What diagnostic imaging is best to show tendon, ligaments, and spinal chord?

MRI

30

Name the five criteria that dictate prognosis?

1. Condition duration
2. Structures involved
3. Age of patient
4. Degree dysfunction
5. Clinical experience tx condition