Pediatrics Flash Cards - Case 12 - 10mo w- cough Preview

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Flashcards in Pediatrics Flash Cards - Case 12 - 10mo w- cough Deck (12):
1

Stages of pertussis infection and their lengths

catarrhal (1-2 weeks), paroxysmal (4-6 wks), convalescent (months)

2

Stridor is caused by obstruction located .... and is usually only heard during .... ?

outside the thoracic inlet ... inspiration

3

Wheezing is caused by obstruction located .... and is usually only heard during .... ?

within the thoracic cavity ... expiration

4

polyphonic wheeze is usually heard with?

asthma

5

monophonic wheeze is usually heard with?

focal obstruction rather than asthma

6

Describe rhonci

Coarse, low-pitched rattling sounds heard best in expiration.; Thought to be due to secretions and narrowing of airways.

7

Râles are a.k.a. and occur during ... ?

crackles, usually heard during inspiration (vs. rhonci heard at end expiration)

8

Imaging studies for suspected foreign body aspiration?

Bilateral lateral decubitus or inspiratory/expiratory chest films

9

What is the rational behind the inspiratory/expiratory chest film for suspect FBA?

airway containing an obstruction does not allow the distal lung to deflate fully and results in asymmetric deflation with expiration

10

What is the rational behind the decubitus chest film for suspect FBA?

child lying on her side. The concept of the lateral decubitus film is that the dependent lung should deflate slightly compared to the non-dependent lung due to the effect of gravity. If each lung deflates slightly when dependent as expected, there is less likelihood of an obstruction in a large airway. If one side does not deflate as expected, this suggests an obstruction in a large airway.

11

In well controlled asthma, SABA should not be required more than ... times per week.

2

12

Children on steroids (either inhaled or systemic) are at a high risk for a severe primary ... infection

varicella