Periarticular Disorders of the Extremities Flashcards Preview

Rheuma (HPIM 18e) > Periarticular Disorders of the Extremities > Flashcards

Flashcards in Periarticular Disorders of the Extremities Deck (18):
0

Joints most commonly affected by periarticular disorders

Knee and shoulder

1

Most common form of bursitis

Subacromial bursitis (subdeltoid bursitis)

2

Trochanteric bursitis involves the bursa around the insertion of this muscle onto the greater trochanter of the femur

Gluteus medius

3

Movements that elicit pain in patients with trochanteric bursitis

External rotation and resisted abduction

4

The major cause of painful shoulder

Rotator cuff tendinitis

5

Most often affected tendon in rotator cuff tendinitis

Supraspinatus tendon

6

Arc of movement (degrees) most painful in rotator cuff tendinitis

60 to 120 degrees

7

Calcific tendinitis is characterized by deposition primarily of this calcium salt within a tendon

Hydroxyapatite

8

Most often affected tendon in calcific tendinitis

Supraspinatus tendon

9

Shoulder movements that are painful in bicipital tendinitis

Abduction and external rotation

10

Pain elicited along the course of the bicipital tendon by resisting supination of the forearm with the elbow at 90 degrees

Yergason's supination sign

11

"Popeye" muscle or persistent swelling of the biceps with little or no pain may be seen in older persons with this condition

Bicipital tendon rupture

12

Tendons involved in De Quervain's tenosynovitis

Abductor pollicis longus and extensor pollicis brevis

13

Pain with ulnar deviation of the wrist with the thumb in the palm and the fingers closed over it

Finkelstein sign (De Quervain's tenosynovitis)

14

Jumper's knee refers to tendinitis of this tendon

Patellar tendon

15

Confirmatory test for adhesive capsulitis or "frozen shoulder"

Arthrography
(where only a limited amount of contrast material, usually <15 mL, can be injected under pressure into the shoulder joint)

16

Foundation of treatment for adhesive capsulitis

Physical therapy

17

Movements associated with pain in lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow)

Wrist extension and supination against resistance