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Flashcards in physiology Deck (41):
1

What does ATP stand for?

Adenosine Triphosphate

2

What does ATP do?

Gives our muscles energy used during exercise

3

What is ATP?

A molecule containing Adenosin and 3 phospates to create energy

4

How does ATP produce energy?

When the bond breaks between the second and the third phosphate energy is released and creates ADP.
A-P-P-P

5

What is ADP?

Is adenosine and two phosphates and a separate part which is and organic phosphate.
A-P-P Pi

6

What is the ATP breakdown?

A-P-P-P
A-P-P x P
A-P-P Pi

7

What are the fuels used to resynthesize ATP?

Carbohydrates, fats, proteins and creatine phosphate

8

What is carbs stored as?

Blood - glucose
Muscles - glycogen
Excess - Adipose tissue (liver)

9

What is fats stored as?

Blood - fatty acids
Muscles - triglycerides
Excess - adipose tissue

10

When are the fuel sources used in exercise?

Carbohydrates used during exercise, fats are used during rest and in exercise upwards of 3 hours and proteins are used in very long endurance events

11

What are the three energy systems?

ATP-PC, anaerobic glycolosis and aerobic

12

does atp pc require oxygen

Does not require oxygen

13

does anaerobic require oxygen?

Does not use oxygen

14

does aerobic use oxygen

Uses oxygen

15

What is meant by the term energy system interplay?

Means that the three systems work together to produce energy for the body while doing exercise

16

Basketball - when do the energy systems dominate

ATP-PC - when they go for the jump ball
Anaerobic - sprinting from one end to the other
Aerobic - lets them keep running throughout the game

17

How long does each system last?

ATP PC lasts 10-15 secs
Anaerobic lasts 10 sec - 2 min
Aerobic lasts indefinitely

18

Why do we use carbs instead of fats for fuel?

Fats make more ATP but use too much oxygen making them inefficient and carbs use less oxygen therefore can produce ATP at a faster rate

19

How much CP is stored in the muscles?

10 seconds worth

20

How to train atp-pc system

resistance
plyometrics
circuit
short interval
speed

21

how to train anaerobic system

medium intervals
resistance
circuit

22

how to train aerobic system

long interval
fartlek
continuous
circuit

23

What intensity does the atp pc system operate in?

maximal

24

when is atp pc system used?

short bursts of exercise

25

fuel source of atp pc

creatine phosphate

26

waste products of atp pc

no waste products

27

examples of sports using atp pc

high jump, long jump, 25 m swim

28

fitness components of atp pc

anaerobic capacity, speed

29

fitness test for atp pc system

50m sprint

30

when is anaerobic used

shorter events for continuous explosive energy

31

fuel source of anaerobic

carbs

32

waste products of anaerobic

lactic acid

33

sport using anaerobic

200m swim, 400m sprint

34

fitness component for anaerobic

anaerobic capacity

35

fitness test for anaerobic

400m sprint

36

what is aerobic used for

long duration activity

37

fuels for aerobic

carbs, fats and proteins

38

waste products for aerobic

carbon dioxide and water

39

sports for aerobic

marathons, afl midfielder

40

fitness component for aerobic

aerobic capacity

41

fitness test for aerobic

15 min run