Prostate, bladder and screening programmes Flashcards Preview

Phase 1 week 10 - genitourinary > Prostate, bladder and screening programmes > Flashcards

Flashcards in Prostate, bladder and screening programmes Deck (19):
1

Name some functions of the prostate

Contain prostatic fluid
helps sperm mobility
protects sperm from vaginal secretions

2

Define a screening programme

An examination of a group of (usually) asymptotic people to detect those with a high probability of having a given disease

3

age range for cervical cancer

25-65

4

age range for bowel cancer

50-74

5

age range for breast cancer

50-70

6

Name some principles of screening programmes

Important problem for individual/community
Accepted treatment for patients with diagnosis
facilities for diagnosis/treatment are available
recognisable latent or early symptomatic age of disease
suitable test/examination
test acceptable ot population
agreed policy on who to treat as patients

7

How would you diagnose benign hprostate hyperplasia

blood test
urinary volume test
physical examination

8

define benign prostate hyperplasia

an enlarged prostate gland due to increased no. of cells

9

what medicines are used for benign prostate hyperplasia

alpha blocker and anti cholingeric

10

What do alpha blockers do

relax muscles making it easier to pee

11

What do anti cholingerics do

Relax bladder muscle

12

what is the bodies minimum urin production

1ml/min

13

What is the bodies maximum urine production

20ml/min

14

Define efficacy

ability of a drug to bind to the receptor that produces an effect

15

define partial agonist

has affinity and less intrinsic activity

16

Define an agonist

Has affinity and intrinsic activity

17

Define antagonist

Has affinity but no intrinsic activity

18

draw structure of the prostate

d

19

draw the structure of the bladder

f