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Flashcards in Quiz 2 Deck (41)
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1

When was the Baroque era in music?

1600-1750

2

Why is 1600 an important indicator of the Baroque era?

Opera first showed up

3

Why is 1750 an important indicator of the Baroque era?

Johann Sebastian Bach died

4

What are the genres of music in the Baroque era?

Opera
Concerto/Concerto Grosso
Cantata
Oratorio
Dance Suite
Passion

5

Combined story with singing

Opera

6

Chamber piece written for small number of instruments

Sonata

7

orchestra with a small group of soloists

Concerto grosso

8

single soloist

concerto solo

9

a medium-length narrative piece of music for voices with instrumental accompaniment, typically with solos, chorus, and orchestra.

cantata

10

a large-scale musical work for orchestra and voices, typically a narrative on a religious theme, performed without the use of costumes, scenery, or action

oratorio

11

special oratorio telling the story of Christ's crucifixion

Passion

12

Where did opera originate?

Italy

13

What is the most important Italian opera?

L' Orfeo by Claudio Montiverdi

14

What is the most important British opera?

Dido and Aeneas by Henry Purcell

15

What are the 3 textures in music?

Monophony, homophony, polyphony

16

Single music line without accompaniment

Monophony

17

Combination of 2 or more individual melody lines simultaneously

polyphony

18

Melody with a supporting accompaniment

homophony

19

Who was the master of counterpoint?

Bach

20

Bass lines and chords of Baroque music

Ground Bass

21

Double effect of clarifying harmony and making the texture more cohesive

basso continuo

22

How many movements does a typical concerto have?

3

23

What form was typically used in the first and last movements?

Ritornello

24

Music that starts and will be repeated with solecistic episodes between them

Ritornello

25

the singing of a single syllable of text while moving between several different notes in succession.

Melismatic

26

one pitch in the melody goes with one syllable in the words.

Syllabic

27

who are the 3 most important composers during the Late Baroque period?

JS Bach, George Frideric Handel, Antonio Vivaldi

28

What is a common form for aria?

Aria (ABA) form, ground bass form

29

What is a common form for recitative?

None

30

a rhythmically free vocal style that imitates the natural inflections of speech and that is used for dialogue and narrative in operas and oratorios

Recitative