Quiz 3 Chapter 16 A Nose, Mouth and Throat Flashcards Preview

Health assessment > Quiz 3 Chapter 16 A Nose, Mouth and Throat > Flashcards

Flashcards in Quiz 3 Chapter 16 A Nose, Mouth and Throat Deck (59):
1

Inspection of the nasal mucosa of an individual with rhinitis would demonstrate mucosa that is


bright red and swollen

2

When examining the mouth and throat, you ask the individual to stick out the tongue. Your observation of the tongue notes the presence of a fine tremor that accompanies what condition?

hyperthyroidism

3

What question would you ask to determine whether an individual has epistaxis?


Do you experience nose bleeds?

4

An enlarged tongue ((( ___)) may impair speech development accompany (4). Also, transient swelling occurs with___ __

Down syndrome, cretinism, myxedema, acromegaly
Local infection

5

In addition to initiating digestion of food, Cleans and protects mucosa

Saliva

6

Purpose of the ___sinuses
Airfield pockets with in the cranium to lighten the weight of the skull, serve as resonators for sound production, and provide mucus, which drains into .
A. Frontal
B. Maxillary
C. Paranasal
D. Ethmoid

C. Paranasal

7

The parotid gland's duct that opens into the mouth opposite the second molar is


Stenson's duct

8

What pairs of sinuses is absent at birth, is fairly well developed between 7 and 8 years of age, and is fully developed after puberty?

frontal

9

Under normal conditions, transillumination of the sinuses would produce a..


diffuse red glow

10

Mr. Winchett is a 48-year-old gentleman who comes to your office with complaints of sores on his tongue. As the health care provider, you know that the structure of the tongue is a mass of ____muscle in a crosswise pattern that is used to

Striated
change shape and position

11


Deciduous teeth in children are known as?
How many?
How many for adults?

temporary
20
32 (except for wisdom)

12

Mrs. Coleman is a 28-year-old patient who is in her second trimester of pregnancy. She comes to the clinic with complaints of stuffiness and epistaxis. This is due to:


increased vascularity of the upper respiratory tract

13

A cleft palate and lip are least common in what ethnic/cultural groups?

blacks

14

Ms. Tova is a 32-year-old patient who comes to your office with complaints of seasonal allergies. What question would you ask to determine if she is experiencing epistaxis?


"Do you experience nose bleeds?"

15

The two pairs of sinuses that are deep, small, and inaccessible for examination are the


ethmoid and sphenoid.

16

Mr. Glover is a 69-year-old patient who comes to the office for a routine examination. When evaluating an older patient, you should determine whether medications are being taken for depression and high blood pressure. What condition is frequently associated with older adults taking these medications? __ __ (___)

dry mouth (Xerstomia)

17

Mr. Glover is a 69-year-old patient who comes to the office for a routine examination. When evaluating an older patient, you should determine whether medications are being taken for depression and high blood pressure. What condition is frequently associated with older adults taking these medications?


A thin, white coating over the surface of the tongue

18

Mrs. Harris is a 45-year-old woman who comes to the office complaining of mouth sores. During your examination of the buccal mucosa, you note the presence of small, yellow-white papules on the cheek and tongue that may be identified as:
A. Koplakia
B. Fordyce granules
C. Epstein Pearls
D. Bednar aphthae


B. Fordyce's granules

19

Mr. Yates is a 16-year-old patient who comes to the office complaining of a sore throat. On examination, you note that the tonsils are enlarged to the point that they are about halfway between the tonsillar pillars and the uvula. These tonsils would be graded as:

2+

20

When examining the mouth and throat, you ask the individual to stick out the tongue. Your observation of the tongue notes the presence of a fine tremor that accompanies what condition?

hyperthyroidism

21

Mrs. Bowers brings her 8-year-old son in for a routine physical examination. During the exam, you note a transverse ridge across his nose. This is often a sign that the child may be experiencing:

allergies

22

A pregnant female may present with painless enlargement of the gums that overreach the teeth. Due to
A. Epulis
B. Gingival Hyperplasia
C. Gingivitis
D. Meth Mouth

B. Gingival Hyplasia

23

Mrs. Jones is a 69-year-old patient who comes to the clinic. During your examination, you keep in mind that the process of bone resorption in older adults predisposes them to what condition?


loosening of the teeth

24

The olfactory receptors located in the roof of the nasal cavity function to:
A. CN I
B. CN V
C. CN VII
D. CN XI


transmit the sensations of smell to CN I

25


Temporary teeth in the infant and child are identified as:

deciduous

26

When comparing a child's mouth with that of an adult, what would you expect to observe?


a total of 20 teeth instead of 32

27


Drooling in an infant is due to what?


initiation of salivation by the salivary ducts

28

the history portion of the examination of an 8-year-old child, you notice that, for most of the time, the child was sucking his thumb. You know that prolonged thumb-sucking in a child can lead to:
A. Dental caries
B. Gingivitis
C. Malocclusion
D. Epulis

malocclusion

29

Mrs. Walker is a 54 -year-old patient who comes to the office for a routine examination. She remarked that she had face pain, after upper respiratory infection. Upon inspection her turbinates were red, with swollen nasal mucosa and A purulent discharge. When palpalpared over the maxillary sinus area, she indicates a sensation of discomfort during the procedure.
A. Allergic rhinitis.
B. Acute rhinitis.
C. Sinusitis.
D. Angular Cheilitis

C. sinusitis

30

Under normal conditions, transillumination of the sinuses would produce a

diffuse red glow

31


During examination of the buccal mucosa, you observe a chalky white, raised patch with well-defined borders. What indicates an appropriate response to this observation?


these patches are precancerous and should be followed up

32

An individual who has come into the clinic is complaining of a sore throat. On examination, you note that the tonsils are close to touching the uvula. What is the correct way to grade these tonsils?

3+

33

Along the hard palate and on the gums of a newborn infant, you notice small, yellow-white, glistening papules. These are identified as:


Epstein's pearls

34

The rich blood supply to the nasal mucosa performs what function?


Warms inhaled air

35


does a newborn breathe out of its mouth or its nose?

nose

36


nasal flaring in the infant indicates what?

respiratory distress

37


what is the suckering tubercle in the infant?

a small pad in the middle of the upper lip from friction of breast or bottle feeding

38

Dramatic Areas or ulcer on the posterior hard plate on either side of the midline. They result from abrasions while sucking
A. Sucking Tubercle
B. Epstein Pearls
C. Bednar aphthae
D. Ankyloglossia

C. Bed aphthae

39

are tonsils visible in the newborn?
Saliva is present by what age?
Sucking can be elicited in infants up to what age?
All 20 deciduous teeth are in?

no
3 mo
12 mo.
2.5 yrs

40


what nerve controls sense of smell?

CN I

41


polyps usually appear


smooth

pale gray

avascular

mobile

nontender

42


healthy sinuses ?do/do not? contain air?

do

43


cracking at the corners of the mouth


is what?

cheilitis/perleche

44

poor biting relationship, protrusion of upper and lower incisors

malocclusion

45

dappled brown patches on the buccal mucosa are present with what abnormal condition?

Addison's disease

46

the opening of the parotid salivary gland

is called what?

Stensen's duct

47


Koplik's spots

are early prodromal signs of what?

measles

48


benign grayish opaque area on the buccal mucosa

is called what? is more common in what groups of people?


leukodema

blacks and East Indians

49

chaulky white raised patch on the buccal mucosa

is known as what?


leukoplakia

(abnormal)

50

the nodular bony ridge down the middle of the hard palate

is called what?


torus palatines

51


the most common early lesion in people with AIDS is what?


Oral Kaposi's sarcoma

52


hard palate appears what color with jaundice?

yellow

53


bifid uvula is common in what group of people?


Native American

54


visible tonsils

are classified how?

1+

55

tonsils halfway between tonsillar pillars and uvula

are classified how?

2+

56

tonsils touching the uvula

are classified how?

3+

57

tonsils touching each other

are classified how?

4+

58


tonsils at what classification occur with an acute infection?


2+, 3+, 4+

59


what nerves control the gag reflex?


IX (9), X (10)

glossopharyngeal and vagus