Ray Charles, Jerry Wexler, R&B and Rock n' Roll Flashcards Preview

Music 103 > Ray Charles, Jerry Wexler, R&B and Rock n' Roll > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ray Charles, Jerry Wexler, R&B and Rock n' Roll Deck (38):
1

Ray Charles started out imitating...

Nat "King" Cole.

2

Ray Charles' sound can be described as a combination of ___ and ___.

R&B and Gospel.

3

What was the name of Ray Charles' first concept album?

Modern Sounds in Country and Western Music.

4

Jerry Wexler ran ___ records from mid ___-___.

Atlantic, 1950's-1960's.

5

Jerry Wexler worked alongside ___ ___.

Ahmet Ertegun.

6

Disc Jockeys were also known as ___ ___.

White Negroes.

7

DJ's promoted the playing of ___ artists to ___ audiences.

Black, white.

8

What is the contrast between R&B and Rock n' Roll?

R&B was considered to be adult and serious, while rock n' roll was considered to be teenage and fun.

9

Chuck Berry was known for his unique ___ content.

Lyrical. It was broadly general, about cars, school, or romance.

10

Influences to Chuck Berry ranges broadly from ___ ___ to the ___.

Bing Crosby, Beatles.

11

Which artist did not perceive his music as solely falling under the rock n' roll style?

Chuck Berry.

12

Timbre

Also known as tone colour or tone quality, is the quality of a musical note or sound or tone that distinguishes different types of sound production (such as voices or musical instruments).

13

Musical meter

The regularly recurring measures or bars of stressed and unstressed beats, indicated in western musical notation by a time signature and bar lines.

14

Beat

The beat is the basic unit of time- the pulse.

15

Little Richard was one of the biggest stars in the ___ era.

Rock n' Roll.

16

What was Little Richard's first big hit?

Tutti Frutti.

17

Tutti Frutti was successful on both the ___ and ___ charts.

R&B, pop.

18

Little Richard's piano style was derived from ___ ___.

Boogie woogie.

19

Little Richard's piano style can be characterized by...

Strong emphasis on upbeat and frequent use of glissando.

20

Little Richard's music was heavily influenced by early exposure with the ___ ___.

Pentecostal church.

21

Little Richard:
A) Wrote words and made the music fit.
B) Wrote music and made the words fit.

B) Wrote music and made the words fit.

22

Glissando

A glide from one pitch to another.

23

Upbeat

A typically unaccented beat preceding an expected down beat or accented beat.

24

Little Richard raised the spectre of several taboo subjects, including...

Cross dressing and ambiguous sexuality.

25

Little Richard left his career abruptly to join ___.

Ministry.

26

Little Richard changed his appearance to overcome ___ profiling.

Racial.

27

Little Richard had a dichotomous personality. How?

In the public eye, he was the rebellious, sexually ambiguous and taboo rock n' roll artist. However, in his private life, he was deeply religious.

28

Elvis Presley's early music confused his audience, as they could not tell if he was ___ or ___, and whether they can like his music or not.

White or black.

29

Elvis Presley's music can be described as a unique blend of ___, ___, and ___.

Blues, R&B, country.

30

Elvis Presley was known for his ___ ___ and ability to ___ his voice.

Vocal range, transform.

31

Artists influenced by Elvis Presley's style started a ___ style that resembled Presley's.

Rockabilly.

32

Name an artist that was influenced by Elvis Presley.

Johnny Cash.

33

Which artist grew up in poverty in the south?

Jerry Lee Lewis.

34

"Great Ball of Fire" by Jerry Lee Lewis was known as the ___ music.

Devil's.

35

Jerry Lee Lewis made a controversial decision to...

Marry his 13 year old second cousin.

36

By 1956, popular magazines and newspapers had begun publishing numerous articles on the social and musical phenomenon that had become rock n' roll. These articles were written in a ___ tone that commented on...

Condescending, deviant behaviour, such as sex, drugs, and juvenile delinquency.

37

There was a notion that the ___ and ___ of rock n' roll caused deviant behaviour.

Beat, rhythm.

38

The 1950's concluded on a sad note for rock n' roll, and was soon replaced by ___ ___.

Teen pop.